10-Q


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D. C. 20549
 
FORM 10-Q
 
(Mark One)
x
Quarterly Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
For the Period Ended September 30, 2015
or
o
Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934.
For the transition period from              to             
Commission file number 1-04851
 
THE SHERWIN-WILLIAMS COMPANY
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
OHIO
34-0526850
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
 
 
101 West Prospect Avenue,
Cleveland, Ohio
44115-1075
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
(216) 566-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes  x    No  o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one:)
Large accelerated filer
x
 
Accelerated filer
o
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  o    No  x
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of common stock, as of the latest practical date.
Common Stock, $1.00 Par Value – 93,100,515 shares as of September 30, 2015.
 




TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EX-4.1
 
EX-4.2
 
EX-4.3
 
EX-4.4
 
EX-31(a)
 
EX-31(b)
 
EX-32(a)
 
EX-32(b)
 
EX-101 INSTANCE DOCUMENT
 
EX-101 SCHEMA DOCUMENT
 
EX-101 PRESENTATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 
EX-101 CALCULATION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 
EX-101 LABEL LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 
EX-101 DEFINITION LINKBASE DOCUMENT
 




PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
THE SHERWIN-WILLIAMS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED INCOME AND COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)
Thousands of dollars, except per share data
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net sales
$
3,152,285

 
$
3,150,570

 
$
8,734,708

 
$
8,560,121

Cost of goods sold
1,577,733

 
1,679,615

 
4,497,721

 
4,613,612

Gross profit
1,574,552

 
1,470,955

 
4,236,987

 
3,946,509

Percent to net sales
49.9
%
 
46.7
%
 
48.5
%
 
46.1
%
Selling, general and administrative expenses
993,625

 
984,366

 
2,922,046

 
2,837,637

Percent to net sales
31.5
%
 
31.2
%
 
33.5
%
 
33.1
%
Other general expense - net
9,117

 
11,873

 
17,415

 
12,071

Interest expense
16,995

 
16,025

 
42,231

 
48,793

Interest and net investment income
32

 
(764
)
 
(943
)
 
(2,110
)
Other expense (income) - net
4,061

 
(14,593
)
 
4,493

 
(19,237
)
Income before income taxes
550,722

 
474,048

 
1,251,745

 
1,069,355

Income taxes
176,231

 
147,808

 
395,913

 
336,211

Net income
$
374,491

 
$
326,240

 
$
855,832

 
$
733,144

Net income per common share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
4.04

 
$
3.42

 
$
9.22

 
$
7.53

Diluted
$
3.97

 
$
3.35

 
$
9.04

 
$
7.39

Average shares outstanding - basic
92,196,458

 
94,800,191

 
92,398,962

 
96,744,423

Average shares and equivalents outstanding - diluted
93,894,872

 
96,714,043

 
94,263,333

 
98,670,999

Comprehensive income
$
321,738

 
$
269,970

 
$
758,373

 
$
682,402


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

2



THE SHERWIN-WILLIAMS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
Thousands of dollars
 
September 30,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
 
September 30,
2014
Assets
 
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
91,029

 
$
40,732

 
$
261,346

Accounts receivable, less allowance
1,413,946

 
1,130,565

 
1,408,967

Inventories:
 
 
 
 
 
Finished goods
871,008

 
841,784

 
866,908

Work in process and raw materials
181,822

 
191,743

 
179,734

 
1,052,830

 
1,033,527

 
1,046,642

Deferred income taxes
107,063

 
109,087

 
101,815

Other current assets
259,368

 
252,869

 
260,965

Total current assets
2,924,236

 
2,566,780

 
3,079,735

Goodwill
1,146,726

 
1,158,346

 
1,167,047

Intangible assets
265,113

 
289,127

 
295,251

Deferred pension assets
252,188

 
250,144

 
304,207

Other assets
498,593

 
420,625

 
457,480

Property, plant and equipment:
 
 
 
 
 
Land
120,140

 
125,691

 
129,309

Buildings
694,121

 
698,202

 
703,351

Machinery and equipment
1,965,773

 
1,952,037

 
1,916,091

Construction in progress
82,672

 
59,330

 
48,360

 
2,862,706

 
2,835,260

 
2,797,111

Less allowances for depreciation
1,847,539

 
1,814,230

 
1,783,826

 
1,015,167

 
1,021,030

 
1,013,285

Total Assets
$
6,102,023

 
$
5,706,052

 
$
6,317,005

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
 
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
Short-term borrowings
$
36,805

 
$
679,436

 
$
55,621

Accounts payable
1,216,342

 
1,042,182

 
1,266,167

Compensation and taxes withheld
330,144

 
360,458

 
344,815

Accrued taxes
187,904

 
86,744

 
192,464

Current portion of long-term debt
3,183

 
3,265

 
502,278

Other accruals
519,818

 
508,581

 
507,037

Total current liabilities
2,294,196

 
2,680,666

 
2,868,382

Long-term debt
1,920,150

 
1,122,715

 
1,122,699

Postretirement benefits other than pensions
280,530

 
277,892

 
273,706

Other long-term liabilities
630,982

 
628,309

 
700,282

Shareholders’ equity:
 
 
 
 
 
Common stock—$1.00 par value:
 
 
 
 
 
   93,100,515, 94,704,173 and 95,997,693 shares outstanding
 
 
 
 
 
at September 30, 2015, December 31, 2014 and September 30, 2014, respectively
115,613

 
114,525

 
114,211

Other capital
2,287,106

 
2,079,639

 
2,019,493

Retained earnings
3,093,265

 
2,424,674

 
2,345,016

Treasury stock, at cost
(3,950,402
)
 
(3,150,410
)
 
(2,754,998
)
Cumulative other comprehensive loss
(569,417
)
 
(471,958
)
 
(371,786
)
Total shareholders' equity
976,165

 
996,470

 
1,351,936

Total Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity
$
6,102,023

 
$
5,706,052

 
$
6,317,005


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



THE SHERWIN-WILLIAMS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CONSOLIDATED CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)
Thousands of dollars
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
2015
 
September 30,
2014
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
855,832

 
$
733,144

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net operating cash:
 
 
 
Depreciation
126,972

 
125,761

Amortization of intangible assets
19,969

 
22,611

Stock-based compensation expense
47,838

 
43,813

Provisions for qualified exit costs
7,488

 
10,229

Provisions for environmental-related matters
18,688

 
11,034

Defined benefit pension plans net cost
5,365

 
5,440

Net increase in postretirement liability
(111
)
 
4,455

Other
3,895

 
1,214

Change in working capital accounts - net
(107,833
)
 
(58,866
)
Costs incurred for environmental-related matters
(8,151
)
 
(7,018
)
Costs incurred for qualified exit costs
(5,822
)
 
(8,726
)
Other
(61,626
)
 
(1,781
)
Net operating cash
902,504

 
881,310

 
 
 
 
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
(157,990
)
 
(135,903
)
Proceeds from sale of assets
11,159

 
1,037

Increase in other investments
(14,946
)
 
(30,677
)
Net investing cash
(161,777
)
 
(165,543
)
 
 
 
 
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net decrease in short-term borrowings
(634,315
)
 
(35,947
)
Proceeds from long-term debt
797,460

 

Payments of long-term debt

 
(290
)
Payments of cash dividends
(187,242
)
 
(162,178
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised
74,020

 
73,192

Income tax effect of stock-based compensation exercises and vesting
86,801

 
56,197

Treasury stock purchased
(766,087
)
 
(1,094,070
)
Other
(42,027
)
 
(23,397
)
Net financing cash
(671,390
)
 
(1,186,493
)
 
 
 
 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(19,040
)
 
(12,817
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents
50,297

 
(483,543
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year
40,732

 
744,889

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
$
91,029

 
$
261,346

 
 
 
 
Income taxes paid
$
235,838

 
$
173,430

Interest paid
33,992

 
44,055


See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



THE SHERWIN-WILLIAMS COMPANY AND SUBSIDIARIES
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
Periods ended September 30, 2015 and 2014
NOTE 1—BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by U.S. GAAP for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting of normal recurring accruals) considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included.
There have been no significant changes in critical accounting policies since December 31, 2014. Accounting estimates were revised as necessary during the first nine months of 2015 based on new information and changes in facts and circumstances. Certain amounts in the 2014 condensed consolidated financial statements have been reclassified to conform to the 2015 presentation.
The Company primarily uses the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method of valuing inventory. An actual valuation of inventory under the LIFO method can be made only at the end of each year based on the inventory levels and costs at that time. Accordingly, interim LIFO calculations are based on management’s estimates of expected year-end inventory levels and costs are subject to the final year-end LIFO inventory valuation. In addition, interim inventory levels include management’s estimates of annual inventory losses due to shrinkage and other factors. The final year-end valuation of inventory is based on an annual physical inventory count performed during the fourth quarter. For further information on inventory valuations and other matters, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in the Company’s Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
The consolidated results for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for the year ending December 31, 2015.
NOTE 2—IMPACT OF RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Effective January 1, 2015, the Company adopted Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-01, "Accounting for Investments in Qualified Affordable Housing Projects," which allows companies to elect to use the proportional amortization method to account for investments in qualified affordable housing projects if certain conditions are met. Under the proportional amortization method, which replaces the effective yield method, the cost of the investment is amortized in proportion to the tax credits and other tax benefits received to income tax expense. The adoption of ASU No. 2014-01 did not have a material effect on the Company's results of operations, financial condition or liquidity.
In April 2015, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued ASU No. 2015-03, "Simplifying the Presentation of Debt Issuance Costs," which requires companies to present debt issuance costs associated with a debt liability as a deduction from the carrying amount of that debt liability on the balance sheet rather than being capitalized as an asset. The standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2015, and retrospective presentation is required. The Company will adopt ASU No. 2015-03 as required. The ASU will not have a material effect on the Company's results of operations, financial condition or liquidity.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, "Revenue Recognition - Revenue from Contracts with Customers," which is a comprehensive revenue recognition standard that will supersede nearly all existing revenue recognition guidance under U.S. GAAP. The issuance of ASU No. 2015-14 in August 2015 delays the effective date of the standard to interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017. Either full retrospective adoption or modified retrospective adoption is permitted. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impact of the standard.
NOTE 3—DIVIDENDS
Dividends paid on common stock during each of the first three quarters of 2015 and 2014 were $.67 per common share and $.55 per common share, respectively.

5



NOTE 4—CHANGES IN CUMULATIVE OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
The following tables summarize the changes in Cumulative other comprehensive loss for the nine months ended September 30, 2015 and 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Thousands of dollars)
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial (Losses) Gains and Prior Service Costs Recognized for Employee Benefit Plans
 
Unrealized Net (Losses) Gains on Available-for-Sale Securities
 
Total Cumulative Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
(354,384
)
 
$
(118,167
)
 
$
593

 
$
(471,958
)
Other comprehensive loss before reclassifications(1)
(98,120
)
 
 
 
(1,557
)
 
(99,677
)
Amounts reclassified from other comprehensive (loss) income(2)


 
1,734

 
484

 
2,218

Net other comprehensive (loss) income
(98,120
)
 
1,734

 
(1,073
)
 
(97,459
)
Balance at September 30, 2015
$
(452,504
)
 
$
(116,433
)
 
$
(480
)
 
$
(569,417
)

(1) Net of taxes of $966 for unrealized net losses on available-for-sale securities.
(2) Net of taxes of $(593) for net actuarial losses and prior service costs recognized for employee benefit plans and $(303) for realized losses on the sale of available-for-sale securities.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Thousands of dollars)
Foreign Currency Translation Adjustments
 
Net Actuarial (Losses) Gains and Prior Service Costs Recognized for Employee Benefit Plans
 
Unrealized Net Gains (Losses) on Available-for-Sale Securities
 
Total Cumulative Other Comprehensive Loss
Balance at December 31, 2013
$
(250,942
)
 
$
(70,611
)
 
$
509

 
$
(321,044
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income before reclassifications(3)
(52,206
)
 
(570
)
 
616

 
(52,160
)
Amounts reclassified from other comprehensive (loss) income (4)
 
 
1,512

 
(94
)
 
1,418

Net other comprehensive (loss) income
(52,206
)
 
942

 
522

 
(50,742
)
Balance at September 30, 2014
$
(303,148
)
 
$
(69,669
)
 
$
1,031

 
$
(371,786
)

(3) Net of taxes of $244 for net actuarial losses and prior service costs recognized for employee benefit plans and $(387) for unrealized net gains on available-for-sale securities.
(4) Net of taxes of $(556) for net actuarial losses and prior service costs recognized for employee benefit plans and $59 for realized gains on the sale of available-for-sale securities.

6



NOTE 5—PRODUCT WARRANTIES
Changes in the Company’s accrual for product warranty claims during the first nine months of 2015 and 2014, including customer satisfaction settlements, were as follows:
 
(Thousands of dollars)
 
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
Balance at January 1
$
27,723

 
$
26,755

Charges to expense
28,021

 
25,250

Settlements
(27,182
)
 
(26,297
)
Balance at September 30
$
28,562

 
$
25,708

For further details on the Company’s accrual for product warranty claims, see Note 1 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
NOTE 6—EXIT OR DISPOSAL ACTIVITIES
Liabilities associated with exit or disposal activities are recognized as incurred in accordance with the Exit or Disposal Cost Obligations Topic of the ASC. Qualified exit costs primarily include post-closure rent expenses, incremental post-closure costs and costs of employee terminations. Adjustments may be made to liabilities accrued for qualified exit costs if information becomes available upon which more accurate amounts can be reasonably estimated. Concurrently, property, plant and equipment is tested for impairment in accordance with the Property, Plant and Equipment Topic of the ASC, and if impairment exists, the carrying value of the related assets is reduced to estimated fair value. Additional impairment may be recorded for subsequent revisions in estimated fair value.
In the nine months ended September 30, 2015, twenty-three stores in the Paint Stores Group, three branches in the Global Finishes Group and two stores in the Latin America Coatings Group were closed due to lower demand or redundancy. In addition, the Global Finishes Group exited a business in Europe.
The following table summarizes the activity and remaining liabilities associated with qualified exit costs at September 30, 2015:

7



(Thousands of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Exit Plan
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
 
Provisions in Cost of goods sold or SG&A
 
 Actual expenditures charged to accrual
 
Balance at September 30, 2015
Paint Stores Group stores shutdown in 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other qualified exit costs
 
 
 
$
25

 

 
$
25

Global Finishes Group exit of a business in 2015:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Severance and related costs
 
 
 
1,257

 

 
1,257

Other qualified exit costs
 
 
 
4,515

 

 
4,515

Paint Stores Group stores shutdown in 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Other qualified exit costs
 
$
280

 
142

 
$
(168
)
 
254

Consumer Group facilities shutdown in 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Severance and related costs
 
2,732

 
1,223

 
(3,386
)
 
569

Other qualified exit costs
 
781

 


 
(601
)
 
180

Global Finishes Group exit of business in 2014:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Severance and related costs
 
104

 
326

 


 
430

Other qualified exit costs
 
1,080

 


 
(564
)
 
516

Paint Stores Group facility shutdown in 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Severance and related costs
 
654

 
 
 
(632
)
 
22

Other qualified exit costs
 
1,205

 
 
 
(273
)
 
932

Global Finishes Group stores shutdown in 2013:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Severance and related costs
 
28

 
 
 
(28
)
 

Other qualified exit costs for facilities shutdown prior to 2013
 
1,652

 
 
 
(170
)
 
1,482

Totals
 
$
8,516

 
$
7,488


$
(5,822
)
 
$
10,182

For further details on the Company’s exit or disposal activities, see Note 5 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.

8



NOTE 7HEALTH CARE, PENSION AND OTHER BENEFITS
Shown below are the components of the Company’s net periodic benefit cost (credit) for domestic defined benefit pension plans, foreign defined benefit pension plans and postretirement benefits other than pensions: 
(Thousands of dollars)
Domestic Defined
Benefit Pension Plans
 
Foreign Defined
Benefit Pension Plans
 
Postretirement
Benefits Other than
Pensions
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Three Months Ended September 30:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net periodic benefit cost (credit):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
5,754

 
$
5,636

 
$
1,326

 
$
1,547

 
$
621

 
$
609

Interest cost
6,236

 
6,526

 
2,271

 
2,695

 
2,795

 
3,195

Expected return on assets
(13,023
)
 
(12,666
)
 
(2,431
)
 
(2,739
)
 
 
 
 
Amortization of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service cost (credit)
327

 
459

 
 
 
 
 
(1,132
)
 
(126
)
Actuarial loss
844

 
 
 
485

 
356

 
253

 
 
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)
$
138

 
$
(45
)
 
$
1,651

 
$
1,859

 
$
2,537

 
$
3,678

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended September 30:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net periodic benefit cost (credit):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Service cost
$
17,263

 
$
16,910

 
$
3,976

 
$
4,642

 
$
1,863

 
$
1,826

Interest cost
18,710

 
19,577

 
6,813

 
8,083

 
8,386

 
9,586

Expected return on assets
(39,071
)
 
(37,997
)
 
(7,292
)
 
(8,219
)
 
 
 
 
Amortization of:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Prior service cost (credit)
982

 
1,377

 
 
 
 
 
(3,396
)
 
(377
)
Actuarial loss
2,530

 
 
 
1,454

 
1,067

 
759

 
 
Net periodic benefit cost (credit)
$
414

 
$
(133
)
 
$
4,951

 
$
5,573

 
$
7,612

 
$
11,035

For further details on the Company’s health care, pension and other benefits, see Note 6 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
NOTE 8—OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
The Company initially provides for estimated costs of environmental-related activities relating to its past operations and third party sites for which commitments or clean-up plans have been developed and when such costs can be reasonably estimated based on industry standards and professional judgment. These estimated costs are determined based on currently available facts regarding each site. If the best estimate of costs can only be identified as a range and no specific amount within that range can be determined more likely than any other amount within the range, the minimum of the range is provided. At September 30, 2015, the unaccrued maximum of the estimated range of possible outcomes is $90.5 million higher than the minimum.
The Company continuously assesses its potential liability for investigation and remediation-related activities and adjusts its environmental-related accruals as information becomes available upon which more accurate costs can be reasonably estimated and as additional accounting guidelines are issued. Actual costs incurred may vary from these estimates due to the inherent uncertainties involved including, among others, the number and financial condition of parties involved with respect to any given site, the volumetric contribution which may be attributed to the Company relative to that attributed to other parties, the nature and magnitude of the wastes involved, the various technologies that can be used for remediation and the determination of acceptable remediation with respect to a particular site.
Included in Other long-term liabilities at September 30, 2015 and 2014 were accruals for extended environmental-related activities of $126.4 million and $92.8 million, respectively. Estimated costs of current investigation and remediation activities of $16.9 million and $15.4 million are included in Other accruals at September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.
Two of the Company’s currently and formerly owned manufacturing sites account for the majority of the accrual for environmental-related activities and the unaccrued maximum of the estimated range of possible outcomes at September 30, 2015. At September 30, 2015, $91.8 million, or 64.1 percent of the total accrual, related directly to these two sites. In the aggregate unaccrued maximum of $90.5 million at September 30, 2015, $60.1 million, or 66.5 percent, related to the two

9



manufacturing sites. While environmental investigations and remedial actions are in different stages at these sites, additional investigations, remedial actions and monitoring will likely be required at each site.
Management cannot presently estimate the ultimate potential loss contingencies related to these sites or other less significant sites until such time as a substantial portion of the investigation at the sites is completed and remedial action plans are developed. In the event any future loss contingency significantly exceeds the current amount accrued, the recording of the ultimate liability may result in a material impact on net income for the annual or interim period during which the additional costs are accrued. Management does not believe that any potential liability ultimately attributed to the Company for its environmental-related matters will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, liquidity, or cash flow due to the extended period of time during which environmental investigation and remediation takes place. An estimate of the potential impact on the Company’s operations cannot be made due to the aforementioned uncertainties.
Management expects these contingent environmental-related liabilities to be resolved over an extended period of time. Management is unable to provide a more specific time frame due to the indefinite amount of time to conduct investigation activities at any site, the indefinite amount of time to obtain environmental agency approval, as necessary, with respect to investigation and remediation activities, and the indefinite amount of time necessary to conduct remediation activities.
For further details on the Company’s Other long-term liabilities, see Note 8 to the Consolidated Financial Statements in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
NOTE 9 – LITIGATION
In the course of its business, the Company is subject to a variety of claims and lawsuits, including, but not limited to, litigation relating to product liability and warranty, personal injury, environmental, intellectual property, commercial, contractual and antitrust claims that are inherently subject to many uncertainties regarding the possibility of a loss to the Company. These uncertainties will ultimately be resolved when one or more future events occur or fail to occur confirming the incurrence of a liability or the reduction of a liability. In accordance with the Contingencies Topic of the ASC, the Company accrues for these contingencies by a charge to income when it is both probable that one or more future events will occur confirming the fact of a loss and the amount of the loss can be reasonably estimated. In the event that the Company’s loss contingency is ultimately determined to be significantly higher than currently accrued, the recording of the additional liability may result in a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, liquidity or financial condition for the annual or interim period during which such additional liability is accrued. In those cases where no accrual is recorded because it is not probable that a liability has been incurred and the amount of any such loss cannot be reasonably estimated, any potential liability ultimately determined to be attributable to the Company may result in a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, liquidity or financial condition for the annual or interim period during which such liability is accrued. In those cases where no accrual is recorded or exposure to loss exists in excess of the amount accrued, the Contingencies Topic of the ASC requires disclosure of the contingency when there is a reasonable possibility that a loss or additional loss may have been incurred.
Lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation. The Company’s past operations included the manufacture and sale of lead pigments and lead-based paints. The Company, along with other companies, is and has been a defendant in a number of legal proceedings, including individual personal injury actions, purported class actions, and actions brought by various counties, cities, school districts and other government-related entities, arising from the manufacture and sale of lead pigments and lead-based paints. The plaintiffs’ claims have been based upon various legal theories, including negligence, strict liability, breach of warranty, negligent misrepresentations and omissions, fraudulent misrepresentations and omissions, concert of action, civil conspiracy, violations of unfair trade practice and consumer protection laws, enterprise liability, market share liability, public nuisance, unjust enrichment and other theories. The plaintiffs seek various damages and relief, including personal injury and property damage, costs relating to the detection and abatement of lead-based paint from buildings, costs associated with a public education campaign, medical monitoring costs and others. The Company has also been a defendant in legal proceedings arising from the manufacture and sale of non-lead-based paints that seek recovery based upon various legal theories, including the failure to adequately warn of potential exposure to lead during surface preparation when using non-lead-based paint on surfaces previously painted with lead-based paint. The Company believes that the litigation brought to date is without merit or subject to meritorious defenses and is vigorously defending such litigation. The Company has not settled any material lead pigment or lead-based paint litigation. The Company expects that additional lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation may be filed against the Company in the future asserting similar or different legal theories and seeking similar or different types of damages and relief.
Notwithstanding the Company’s views on the merits, litigation is inherently subject to many uncertainties, and the Company ultimately may not prevail. Adverse court rulings or determinations of liability, among other factors, could affect the lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation against the Company and encourage an increase in the number and nature of future claims and proceedings. In addition, from time to time, various legislation and administrative regulations have been enacted,

10



promulgated or proposed to impose obligations on present and former manufacturers of lead pigments and lead-based paints respecting asserted health concerns associated with such products or to overturn the effect of court decisions in which the Company and other manufacturers have been successful.
Due to the uncertainties involved, management is unable to predict the outcome of the lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation, the number or nature of possible future claims and proceedings or the effect that any legislation and/or administrative regulations may have on the litigation or against the Company. In addition, management cannot reasonably determine the scope or amount of the potential costs and liabilities related to such litigation, or resulting from any such legislation and regulations. The Company has not accrued any amounts for such litigation. With respect to such litigation, including the public nuisance litigation, the Company does not believe that it is probable that a loss has occurred, and it is not possible to estimate the range of potential losses as there is no prior history of a loss of this nature and there is no substantive information upon which an estimate could be based. In addition, any potential liability that may result from any changes to legislation and regulations cannot reasonably be estimated. In the event any significant liability is determined to be attributable to the Company relating to such litigation, the recording of the liability may result in a material impact on net income for the annual or interim period during which such liability is accrued. Additionally, due to the uncertainties associated with the amount of any such liability and/or the nature of any other remedy which may be imposed in such litigation, any potential liability determined to be attributable to the Company arising out of such litigation may have a material adverse effect on the Company’s results of operations, liquidity or financial condition. An estimate of the potential impact on the Company’s results of operations, liquidity or financial condition cannot be made due to the aforementioned uncertainties.
Public nuisance claim litigation. The Company and other companies are or were defendants in legal proceedings seeking recovery based on public nuisance liability theories, among other theories, brought by the State of Rhode Island, the City of St. Louis, Missouri, various cities and counties in the State of New Jersey, various cities in the State of Ohio and the State of Ohio, the City of Chicago, Illinois, the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin and the County of Santa Clara, California and other public entities in the State of California. Except for the Santa Clara County, California proceeding, all of these legal proceedings have been concluded in favor of the Company and other defendants at various stages in the proceedings.
The proceedings initiated by the State of Rhode Island included two jury trials. At the conclusion of the second trial, the jury returned a verdict finding that (i) the cumulative presence of lead pigment in paints and coatings on buildings in the State of Rhode Island constitutes a public nuisance, (ii) the Company, along with two other defendants, caused or substantially contributed to the creation of the public nuisance and (iii) the Company and two other defendants should be ordered to abate the public nuisance. The Company and two other defendants appealed and, on July 1, 2008, the Rhode Island Supreme Court, among other determinations, reversed the judgment of abatement with respect to the Company and two other defendants. The Rhode Island Supreme Court’s decision reversed the public nuisance liability judgment against the Company on the basis that the complaint failed to state a public nuisance claim as a matter of law.
The Santa Clara County, California proceeding was initiated in March 2000 in the Superior Court of the State of California, County of Santa Clara. In the original complaint, the plaintiffs asserted various claims including fraud and concealment, strict product liability/failure to warn, strict product liability/design defect, negligence, negligent breach of a special duty, public nuisance, private nuisance, and violations of California’s Business and Professions Code. A number of the asserted claims were resolved in favor of the defendants through pre-trial proceedings. The named plaintiffs in the Fourth Amended Complaint, filed on March 16, 2011, are the Counties of Santa Clara, Alameda, Los Angeles, Monterey, San Mateo, Solano and Ventura, the Cities of Oakland and San Diego and the City and County of San Francisco. The Fourth Amended Complaint asserted a sole claim for public nuisance, alleging that the presence of lead pigments for use in paint and coatings in, on and around residences in the plaintiffs’ jurisdictions constitutes a public nuisance. The plaintiffs sought the abatement of the alleged public nuisance that exists within the plaintiffs’ jurisdictions. A trial commenced on July 15, 2013 and ended on August 22, 2013. The court entered final judgment on January 27, 2014, finding in favor of the plaintiffs and against the Company and two other defendants (ConAgra Grocery Products Company and NL Industries, Inc.). The final judgment held the Company jointly and severally liable with the other two defendants to pay $1.15 billion into a fund to abate the public nuisance. The Company strongly disagrees with the judgment. On February 18, 2014, the Company filed a motion for new trial and a motion to vacate the judgment. The court denied these motions on March 24, 2014. On March 28, 2014, the Company filed a notice of appeal to the Sixth District Court of Appeal for the State of California. The filing of the notice of appeal effects an automatic stay of the judgment without the requirement to post a bond. The appeal is fully briefed, and the parties are waiting for the Sixth District Court of Appeal to set a date for oral argument. The date for oral argument is at the discretion of the Sixth District Court of Appeal. The Company expects the Sixth District Court of Appeal to issue its ruling within 90 days following oral argument. The Company believes that the judgment conflicts with established principles of law and is unsupported by the evidence. The Company has had a favorable history with respect to lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation, particularly other public nuisance litigation, and accordingly, the Company believes that it is not probable that a loss has occurred and it is not possible to estimate the range of potential loss with respect to the case.

11



Litigation seeking damages from alleged personal injury. The Company and other companies are defendants in a number of legal proceedings seeking monetary damages and other relief from alleged personal injuries. These proceedings include claims by children allegedly injured from ingestion of lead pigment or lead-containing paint and claims for damages allegedly incurred by the children’s parents or guardians. These proceedings generally seek compensatory and punitive damages, and seek other relief including medical monitoring costs. These proceedings include purported claims by individuals, groups of individuals and class actions.
The plaintiff in Thomas v. Lead Industries Association, et al., initiated an action in state court against the Company, other alleged former lead pigment manufacturers and the Lead Industries Association in September 1999. The claims against the Company and the other defendants included strict liability, negligence, negligent misrepresentation and omissions, fraudulent misrepresentation and omissions, concert of action, civil conspiracy and enterprise liability. Implicit within these claims is the theory of “risk contribution” liability (Wisconsin’s theory which is similar to market share liability, except that liability can be joint and several) due to the plaintiff’s inability to identify the manufacturer of any product that allegedly injured the plaintiff. The case ultimately proceeded to trial and, on November 5, 2007, the jury returned a defense verdict, finding that the plaintiff had ingested white lead carbonate, but was not brain damaged or injured as a result. The plaintiff appealed and, on December 16, 2010, the Wisconsin Court of Appeals affirmed the final judgment in favor of the Company and other defendants.
Wisconsin is the only jurisdiction to date to apply a theory of liability with respect to alleged personal injury (i.e., risk contribution/market share liability) that does not require the plaintiff to identify the manufacturer of the product that allegedly injured the plaintiff in the lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation. Although the risk contribution liability theory was applied during the Thomas trial, the constitutionality of this theory as applied to the lead pigment cases has not been judicially determined by the Wisconsin state courts. However, in an unrelated action filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, Gibson v. American Cyanamid, et al., on November 15, 2010, the District Court held that Wisconsin’s risk contribution theory as applied in that case violated the defendants’ right to substantive due process and is unconstitutionally retroactive. The District Court's decision in Gibson v. American Cyanamid, et al., was appealed by the plaintiff to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. On July 24, 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit reversed the judgment and remanded the case back to the District Court for further proceedings. On January 16, 2015, the defendants filed a petition for certiorari in the United States Supreme Court seeking that Court's review of the Seventh Circuit's decision, and on May 18, 2015, the United States Supreme Court denied the defendants' petition. Also, in Yasmine Clark v. The Sherwin-Williams Company, et al., the Wisconsin Circuit Court, Milwaukee County, on March 25, 2014, held that the application to a pending case of Section 895.046 of the Wisconsin Statutes (which clarifies the application of the risk contribution theory) is unconstitutional as a violation of the plaintiff’s right to due process of law under the Wisconsin Constitution. On April 8, 2014, defendants filed a petition requesting the Wisconsin Court of Appeal to hear the issue as an interlocutory appeal. On August 21, 2014, the Wisconsin Court of Appeal granted defendants' petition.
Insurance coverage litigation. The Company and its liability insurers, including certain underwriters at Lloyd’s of London, initiated legal proceedings against each other to primarily determine, among other things, whether the costs and liabilities associated with the abatement of lead pigment are covered under certain insurance policies issued to the Company. The Company’s action, filed on March 3, 2006 in the Common Pleas Court, Cuyahoga County, Ohio, is currently stayed and inactive. The liability insurers’ action, which was filed on February 23, 2006 in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, County of New York, has been dismissed. An ultimate loss in the insurance coverage litigation would mean that insurance proceeds could be unavailable under the policies at issue to mitigate any ultimate abatement related costs and liabilities. The Company has not recorded any assets related to these insurance policies or otherwise assumed that proceeds from these insurance policies would be received in estimating any contingent liability accrual. Therefore, an ultimate loss in the insurance coverage litigation without a determination of liability against the Company in the lead pigment or lead-based paint litigation will have no impact on the Company’s results of operation, liquidity or financial condition. As previously stated, however, the Company has not accrued any amounts for the lead pigment or lead-based paint litigation and any significant liability ultimately determined to be attributable to the Company relating to such litigation may result in a material impact on the Company’s results of operations, liquidity or financial condition for the annual or interim period during which such liability is accrued.

Litigation related to Consorcio Comex. As previously disclosed, the Company entered into a definitive Stock Purchase Agreement (as subsequently amended and restated, the “Purchase Agreement”), with Avisep, S.A. de C.V. (“Avisep”) and Bevisep, S.A. de C.V. (“Bevisep”) to, among other things, acquire the Mexico business of Consorcio Comex, S.A. de C.V. (the "Acquisition"). Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement, either the Company or Avisep and Bevisep had the right to terminate the Purchase Agreement in the event that the closing of the Acquisition did not occur on or prior to March 31, 2014 and such party was not in material breach of the Purchase Agreement.


12



On April 3, 2014, the Company sent notice to Avisep and Bevisep that the Company was terminating the Purchase Agreement. On April 3, 2014, the Company filed a complaint for declaratory judgment in the Supreme Court of the State of New York, New York County, requesting the court to declare that the Company had used commercially reasonable efforts as required under the Purchase Agreement and has not breached the Purchase Agreement. On August 7, 2014, the case was removed by Avisep and Bevisep to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. On April 11, 2014, Avisep and Bevisep initiated an arbitration proceeding against the Company in the International Court of Arbitration contending that the Company breached the Purchase Agreement by terminating the Purchase Agreement and not utilizing commercially reasonable efforts under the Purchase Agreement, which allegedly caused Avisep and Bevisep to incur damages. On June 1, 2015, Avisep and Bevisep filed their statement of claim in the arbitration alleging damages of approximately $85 million. On August 31, 2015, the Company filed its memorial in support of its statement of defense in the arbitration. The hearing on the merits in the arbitration is currently scheduled to begin in April 2016. The Company continues to believe that the claims are without merit and will continue to vigorously defend against such claims.

Titanium dioxide suppliers antitrust class action lawsuit. The Company is a member of the plaintiff class related to Titanium Dioxide Antitrust Litigation that was initiated in 2010 against certain suppliers alleging various theories of relief arising from purchases of titanium dioxide made from 2003 through 2012. The Court approved a settlement less attorney fees and expense, and the Company timely submitted claims to recover its pro-rata portion of the settlement. There was no specified deadline for the claims administrator to complete the review of all claims submitted. In October 2014, the Company was notified that it would receive a disbursement of settlement funds, and the Company received a pro-rata disbursement net of all fees of approximately $21.4 million. The Company recorded this settlement gain in the fourth quarter of 2014.

NOTE 10—OTHER
Other general expense - net
Included in Other general expense - net were the following:
(Thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Provisions for environmental matters - net
$
7,128

 
$
11,209

 
$
18,688

 
$
11,034

Loss (gain) on disposition of assets
1,989

 
664

 
(1,273
)
 
1,037

Total
$
9,117

 
$
11,873

 
$
17,415

 
$
12,071

Provisions for environmental matters - net represent site-specific increases or decreases to environmental-related accruals as information becomes available upon which more accurate costs can be reasonably estimated and as additional accounting guidelines are issued. Environmental-related accruals are not recorded net of insurance proceeds in accordance with the Offsetting Subtopic of the Balance Sheet Topic of the ASC. See Note 8 for further details on the Company’s environmental-related activities.
The loss (gain) on disposition of assets represents net realized losses (gains) associated with the disposal of fixed assets previously used in the conduct of the primary business of the Company.
Other expense (income) - net
Included in Other expense (income) - net were the following:
 
(Thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Dividend and royalty income
$
(313
)
 
$
(1,287
)
 
$
(2,433
)
 
$
(3,533
)
Net expense from financing activities
3,223

 
2,706

 
8,387

 
8,175

Foreign currency transaction related losses (gains)
4,100

 
(481
)
 
6,960

 
547

Other income
(4,682
)
 
(18,657
)
 
(15,022
)
 
(31,936
)
Other expense
1,733

 
3,126

 
6,601

 
7,510

Total
$
4,061

 
$
(14,593
)
 
$
4,493

 
$
(19,237
)

13



The net expense from financing activities includes the net expense relating to the change in the Company’s financing fees.
Foreign currency transaction related losses (gains) represent net realized losses (gains) on U.S. dollar-denominated liabilities of foreign subsidiaries and net realized and unrealized losses (gains) from foreign currency option and forward contracts. There were no material foreign currency option and forward contracts outstanding at September 30, 2015 and 2014.
Other income and Other expense included items of revenue, gains, expenses and losses that were unrelated to the primary business purpose of the Company. There were no other items within the other income or other expense caption that were individually significant.
NOTE 11—INCOME TAXES
The effective tax rate was 32.0 percent and 31.6 percent for the third quarter and first nine months of 2015, respectively, compared to 31.2 percent and 31.4 percent for the third quarter and first nine months of 2014, respectively. The major components of the Company's effective tax rate were consistent for the third quarter and first nine months of 2015 compared to 2014.
At December 31, 2014, the Company had $31.6 million in unrecognized tax benefits, the recognition of which would have had an effect of $28.2 million on the current provision for income taxes. Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits at December 31, 2014 was $4.4 million related to tax positions for which it was reasonably possible that the total amounts could significantly change during the next twelve months. During the first six months of 2015, the Company recognized tax benefits related to partnership investments and the completion of IRS audits of the Company's U.S. income tax returns for the 2010, 2011 and 2012 tax years. The Company recorded additional unrecognized tax benefits in the third quarter of 2015 related to various ongoing audit issues for open tax examination years. At September 30, 2015, the Company had $30.0 million in unrecognized tax benefits, the recognition of which would have an effect of $26.2 million on the current provision for income taxes. Included in the balance of unrecognized tax benefits at September 30, 2015 was $1.0 million related to tax positions for which it is reasonably possible that the total amounts could significantly change during the next twelve months. This amount primarily relates to expiring statutes in federal, foreign and state jurisdictions.
The Company classifies all income tax related interest and penalties as income tax expense. At December 31, 2014, the Company had accrued $5.7 million for the potential payment of income tax interest and penalties. There were no significant changes to these balances during the first nine months of 2015.
The Company and its subsidiaries file income tax returns in the U.S. federal jurisdiction, and various state and foreign jurisdictions. As of September 30, 2015, there are no examinations being conducted by the IRS, however, the Company is still open for examination for the 2013 and 2014 tax years.
As of September 30, 2015, the Company is subject to non-U.S. income tax examinations for the tax years of 2007 through 2014. In addition, the Company is subject to state and local income tax examinations for the tax years 2004 through 2014.

14



NOTE 12—NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE
(Thousands of dollars except per share data)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Basic
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average common shares outstanding
92,196,458

 
94,800,191

 
92,398,962

 
96,744,423

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
374,491

 
$
326,240

 
$
855,832

 
$
733,144

Less net income allocated to unvested restricted shares
(1,669
)
 
(1,992
)
 
(3,683
)
 
(4,237
)
Net income allocated to common shares
$
372,822

 
$
324,248

 
$
852,149

 
$
728,907

Basic net income per common share
$
4.04

 
$
3.42

 
$
9.22

 
$
7.53

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Diluted
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average common shares outstanding
92,196,458

 
94,800,191

 
92,398,962

 
96,744,423

Stock options and other contingently issuable shares (1)
1,698,414

 
1,913,852

 
1,864,371

 
1,926,576

Average common shares outstanding assuming dilution
93,894,872

 
96,714,043

 
94,263,333

 
98,670,999

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
374,491

 
$
326,240

 
$
855,832

 
$
733,144

Less net income allocated to unvested restricted shares
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
assuming dilution
(1,641
)
 
(1,955
)
 
(3,618
)
 
(4,160
)
Net income allocated to common shares assuming
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
dilution
$
372,850

 
$
324,285

 
$
852,214

 
$
728,984

Diluted net income per common share
$
3.97

 
$
3.35

 
$
9.04

 
$
7.39

 
(1) 
Stock options and other contingently issuable shares excluded 34,473 and 31,615 shares due to their anti-dilutive effect for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2015. Stock options and other contingently issuable shares excluded 15,885 shares for the nine months ended September 30, 2014. There were no options excluded due to their anti-dilutive effect for the three months ended September 30, 2014.
The Company has two classes of participating securities: common shares and restricted shares, representing 99% and 1% of outstanding shares, respectively. The restricted shares are shares of unvested restricted stock granted under the Company’s restricted stock award program. Time-based restricted shares receive non-forfeitable dividends, while dividends on performance-based restricted shares are deferred and payment is contingent upon the awards vesting. The time-based restricted shares are considered a participating security, therefore, basic and diluted earnings per share are calculated using the two-class method in accordance with the Earnings Per Share Topic of the ASC.

15



NOTE 13—REPORTABLE SEGMENT INFORMATION
The Company reports segment information in the same way that management internally organizes its business for assessing performance and making decisions regarding allocation of resources in accordance with the Segment Disclosures Topic of the ASC. The Company has determined that it has four reportable operating segments: Paint Stores Group, Consumer Group, Global Finishes Group and Latin America Coatings Group (individually, a "Reportable Segment" and collectively, the “Reportable Segments”).
(Thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended September 30, 2015
 
Paint Stores
Group
 
Consumer
Group
 
Global
Finishes
Group
 
Latin America
Coatings
Group
 
Administrative
 
Consolidated
Totals
Net external sales
$
2,087,263

 
$
421,633

 
$
486,133

 
$
156,019

 
$
1,237

 
$
3,152,285

Intersegment transfers
 
 
760,376

 
682

 
10,041

 
(771,099
)
 
 
Total net sales and intersegment transfers
$
2,087,263

 
$
1,182,009

 
$
486,815

 
$
166,060

 
$
(769,862
)
 
$
3,152,285

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment profit
$
507,411

 
$
88,273

 
$
55,133

 
$
2,145

 
 
 
$
652,962

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(16,995
)
 
(16,995
)
Administrative expenses and other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(85,245
)
 
(85,245
)
Income before income taxes
$
507,411

 
$
88,273

 
$
55,133

 
$
2,145

 
$
(102,240
)
 
$
550,722

 
Three Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Paint Stores
Group
 
Consumer
Group
 
Global
Finishes
Group
 
Latin America
Coatings
Group
 
Administrative
 
Consolidated
Totals
Net external sales
$
2,027,485

 
$
385,238

 
$
536,261

 
$
200,367

 
$
1,219

 
$
3,150,570

Intersegment transfers
 
 
802,249

 
2,097

 
10,297

 
(814,643
)
 
 
Total net sales and intersegment transfers
$
2,027,485

 
$
1,187,487

 
$
538,358

 
$
210,664

 
$
(813,424
)
 
$
3,150,570

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment profit
$
431,840

 
$
78,956

 
$
60,751

 
$
11,792

 
 
 
$
583,339

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(16,025
)
 
(16,025
)
Administrative expenses and other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(93,266
)
 
(93,266
)
Income before income taxes
$
431,840

 
$
78,956

 
$
60,751

 
$
11,792

 
$
(109,291
)
 
$
474,048


16



 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2015
 
Paint Stores
Group
 
Consumer
Group
 
Global
Finishes
Group
 
Latin America
Coatings 
Group
 
Administrative
 
Consolidated
Totals
Net external sales
$
5,533,753

 
$
1,263,365

 
$
1,461,456

 
$
472,318

 
$
3,816

 
$
8,734,708

Intersegment transfers
 
 
2,136,577

 
3,643

 
30,594

 
(2,170,814
)
 
 
Total net sales and intersegment transfers
$
5,533,753

 
$
3,399,942

 
$
1,465,099

 
$
502,912

 
$
(2,166,998
)
 
$
8,734,708

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment profit
$
1,117,368

 
$
257,926

 
$
151,301

 
$
15,676

 
 
 
$
1,542,271

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(42,231
)
 
(42,231
)
Administrative expenses and other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(248,295
)
 
(248,295
)
Income before income taxes
$
1,117,368

 
$
257,926

 
$
151,301

 
$
15,676

 
$
(290,526
)
 
$
1,251,745

 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2014
 
Paint Stores
Group
 
Consumer
Group
 
Global
Finishes
Group
 
Latin America
Coatings 
Group
 
Administrative
 
Consolidated
Totals
Net external sales
$
5,270,080

 
$
1,143,893

 
$
1,578,497

 
$
563,975

 
$
3,676

 
$
8,560,121

Intersegment transfers
 
 
2,114,891

 
5,712

 
30,346

 
(2,150,949
)
 
 
Total net sales and intersegment transfers
$
5,270,080

 
$
3,258,784

 
$
1,584,209

 
$
594,321

 
$
(2,147,273
)
 
$
8,560,121

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment profit
$
953,962

 
$
222,532

 
$
162,093

 
$
27,439

 
 
 
$
1,366,026

Interest expense
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
(48,793
)
 
(48,793
)
Administrative expenses and other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(247,878
)
 
(247,878
)
Income before income taxes
$
953,962

 
$
222,532

 
$
162,093

 
$
27,439

 
$
(296,671
)
 
$
1,069,355

In the reportable segment financial information, Segment profit was total net sales and intersegment transfers less operating costs and expenses. Domestic intersegment transfers were accounted for at the approximate fully absorbed manufactured cost, based on normal capacity volumes, plus customary distribution costs. International intersegment transfers were accounted for at values comparable to normal unaffiliated customer sales. The Administrative segment includes the administrative expenses of the Company’s corporate headquarters site. Also included in the Administrative segment was interest expense, interest and investment income, certain expenses related to closed facilities and environmental-related matters, and other expenses which were not directly associated with the Reportable Segments. The Administrative segment did not include any significant foreign operations. Also included in the Administrative segment was a real estate management unit that is responsible for the ownership, management and leasing of non-retail properties held primarily for use by the Company, including the Company’s headquarters site, and disposal of idle facilities. Sales of this segment represented external leasing revenue of excess headquarters space or leasing of facilities no longer used by the Company in its primary businesses. Gains and losses from the sale of property were not a significant operating factor in determining the performance of the Administrative segment.
Net external sales and segment profit of all consolidated foreign subsidiaries were $441.2 million and $14.3 million, respectively, for the third quarter of 2015, and $571.9 million and $25.4 million, respectively, for the third quarter of 2014. Net external sales and segment profit of these subsidiaries were $1.374 billion and $55.0 million, respectively, for the first nine months of 2015, and $1.678 billion and $70.2 million, respectively, for the first nine months of 2014. Long-lived assets of these subsidiaries totaled $491.6 million and $577.7 million at September 30, 2015 and September 30, 2014, respectively. Domestic operations accounted for the remaining net external sales, segment profits and long-lived assets. No single geographic area outside the United States was significant relative to consolidated net external sales, income before taxes, or consolidated long-lived assets.
Export sales and sales to any individual customer were each less than 10 percent of consolidated sales to unaffiliated customers during all periods presented.


17



NOTE 14FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
The Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the ASC applies to the Company’s financial and non-financial assets and liabilities. The guidance applies when other standards require or permit the fair value measurement of assets and liabilities. It does not expand the use of fair value measurements. The Company did not have any fair value measurements for its non-financial assets and liabilities during the third quarter. The following table presents the Company’s financial assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis, categorized using the fair value hierarchy:
(Thousands of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Quoted Prices
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
in Active
 
 
 
Significant
 
Fair Value at
 
Markets for
 
Significant Other
 
Unobservable
 
September 30,
 
Identical Assets
 
Observable Inputs
 
Inputs
 
2015
 
(Level 1)
 
(Level 2)
 
(Level 3)
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan asset (1)
$
22,616

 
$
1,990

 
$
20,626

 

Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Deferred compensation plan liability (2)
$
35,252

 
$
35,252

 

 

 
(1) 
The deferred compensation plan asset consists of the investment funds maintained for the future payments under the Company’s executive deferred compensation plan, which is structured as a rabbi trust. The investments are marketable securities accounted for under the Debt and Equity Securities Topic of the ASC. The level 1 investments are valued using quoted market prices multiplied by the number of shares. The level 2 investments are valued based on vendor or broker models. The cost basis of the investment funds is $24,041.

(2) 
The deferred compensation plan liability is the Company’s liability under its executive deferred compensation plan. The liability represents the fair value of the participant shadow accounts, and the value is based on quoted market prices.
NOTE 15DEBT
The table below summarizes the carrying amount and fair value of the Company’s publicly traded debt and non-publicly traded debt in accordance with the Fair Value Measurements and Disclosures Topic of the ASC. The fair values of the Company’s publicly traded debt are based on quoted market prices. The fair values of the Company’s non-traded debt are estimated using discounted cash flow analyses, based on the Company’s current incremental borrowing rates for similar types of borrowing arrangements. The Company’s publicly traded debt and non-traded debt are classified as level 1 and level 2, respectively, in the fair value hierarchy.
(Thousands of dollars)
September 30, 2015
 
September 30, 2014
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair Value
 
Carrying
Amount
 
Fair Value
Publicly traded debt
$
1,918,482

 
$
1,958,636

 
$
1,620,856

 
$
1,651,232

Non-traded debt
4,851

 
4,620

 
4,121

 
3,914


On July 28, 2015, the Company issued $400 million of 3.45% Senior Notes due 2025 and $400 million of 4.55% Senior Notes due 2045. The notes are covered under a shelf registration filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on July 28, 2015. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including to repay a portion of the Company’s outstanding short-term borrowings.
On July 16, 2015, the Company and three of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Sherwin-Williams Canada, Inc. (SW Canada), Sherwin-Williams Luxembourg S.à r.l. (SW Lux) and Sherwin-Williams UK Holding Limited, entered into a new five-year $1.350 billion credit agreement. The credit agreement is being used for general corporate purposes, including the financing of working capital requirements. The credit agreement replaced the previous credit agreements for each of the Company, SW Canada and SW Lux, dated July 8, 2011, June 29, 2012 and September 19, 2012, as amended, respectively. The credit agreement allows the Company to extend the maturity of the facility with two one-year extension options and to increase the aggregate amount of the facility to $1.850 billion, both of which are subject to the discretion of each lender.

18



NOTE 16NON-TRADED INVESTMENTS
The Company has invested in the U.S. affordable housing and historic renovation real estate markets. These non-traded investments have been identified as variable interest entities. However, because the Company does not have the power to direct the day-to-day operations of the investments and the risk of loss is limited to the amount of contributed capital, the Company is not considered the primary beneficiary. In accordance with the Consolidation Topic of the ASC, the investments are not consolidated. For affordable housing investments entered into prior to the January 1, 2015 adoption of ASU No. 2014-01, the Company uses the effective yield method to determine the carrying value of the investments. Under the effective yield method, the initial cost of the investments is amortized to income tax expense over the period that the tax credits are recognized. For affordable housing investments entered into on or after the January 1, 2015 adoption of ASU No. 2014-01, the Company uses the proportional amortization method. Under the proportional amortization method, the initial cost of the investments is amortized to income tax expense in proportion to the tax credits and other tax benefits received. The carrying amount of the affordable housing and historic renovation investments, included in Other assets, was $243.1 million and $272.3 million at September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively. The liability for estimated future capital contributions to the investments was $187.3 million and $231.9 million at September 30, 2015 and 2014, respectively.

19



Item 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND
ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
SUMMARY
The Sherwin-Williams Company, founded in 1866, and its consolidated wholly owned subsidiaries (collectively, the “Company”) are engaged in the development, manufacture, distribution and sale of paint, coatings and related products to professional, industrial, commercial and retail customers primarily in North and South America with additional operations in the Caribbean region, Europe and Asia. The Company is structured into four reportable segments—Paint Stores Group, Consumer Group, Global Finishes Group and Latin America Coatings Group (collectively, the “Reportable Segments”)—and an Administrative segment in the same way it is internally organized for assessing performance and making decisions regarding allocation of resources. See pages 6 through 15 and Note 18, on pages 71 through 73, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for more information concerning the Reportable Segments.
The Company’s financial condition, liquidity and cash flow continued to be strong through the first nine months of 2015 primarily due to improved operating results in our Paint Stores and Consumer Groups. Net working capital increased $418.7 million at September 30, 2015 compared to the end of the third quarter of 2014 due to a significant decrease in current liabilities only partially offset by a significant decrease in current assets. Short-term borrowings decreased $18.8 million, current portion of long-term debt decreased $499.1 million resulting from the 3.125% Senior Notes becoming due in 2014, and cash and cash equivalents decreased $170.3 million. On July 28, 2015, the Company issued $400.0 million of 3.45% Senior Notes due 2025 and $400.0 million of 4.55% Senior Notes due 2045. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including repayment of a portion of the Company’s outstanding short-term borrowings. The Company has been able to arrange sufficient short-term borrowing capacity at reasonable rates, and the Company continues to have sufficient total available borrowing capacity to fund its current operating needs. Net operating cash improved $21.2 million in the first nine months of 2015 to a cash source of $902.5 million from a cash source of $881.3 million in 2014 primarily due to improved operating results in the core business.
Consolidated net sales increased 0.1 percent in the third quarter of 2015 to $3.152 billion from $3.151 billion in the third quarter of 2014 and increased 2.0 percent in the first nine months of 2015 to $8.735 billion from $8.560 billion in the first nine months of 2014 due primarily to higher paint sales volume in our Paint Stores and Consumer Groups. Consolidated gross profit as a percent of consolidated net sales increased in the third quarter to 49.9 percent from 46.7 percent in 2014 and increased to 48.5 percent from 46.1 percent in the first nine months due primarily to increased paint volume and improved operating efficiency. Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) increased as a percent of consolidated net sales to 31.5 percent from 31.2 percent in the third quarter of 2014 and increased to 33.5 percent from 33.1 percent in the first nine months primarily due to timing of net new store openings and expenses related to the launch of a new paint program at a national retailer. Interest expense increased $1.0 million in the third quarter and decreased $6.6 million in the first nine months of 2015 due to lower short-term borrowing rates versus long-term borrowing rates in the first half of the year comparison. The effective income tax rate for the third quarter of 2015 was 32.0 percent compared to 31.2 percent in 2014 and the rate for the first nine months of 2015 was 31.6 percent compared to 31.4 percent in 2014. Diluted net income per common share increased to $3.97 per share for the third quarter of 2015 from $3.35 per share a year ago and increased to $9.04 per share from $7.39 per share in the first nine months.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES AND ESTIMATES
The preparation and fair presentation of the consolidated unaudited interim financial statements and accompanying notes included in this report are the responsibility of management. The financial statements and footnotes have been prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles for interim financial statements and contain certain amounts that were based upon management’s best estimates, judgments and assumptions that were believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Management considered the impact of the uncertain economic environment and utilized certain outside sources of economic information when developing the basis for their estimates and assumptions. The impact of the global economic conditions on the estimates and assumptions used by management was believed to be reasonable under the circumstances. Management used assumptions based on historical results, considering the current economic trends, and other assumptions to form the basis for determining appropriate carrying values of assets and liabilities that were not readily available from other sources. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Also, materially different amounts may result under materially different conditions, materially different economic trends or from using materially different assumptions. However, management believes that any materially different amounts resulting from materially different conditions or material changes in facts or circumstances are unlikely to significantly impact the current valuation of assets and liabilities that were not readily available from other sources.

20



A comprehensive discussion of the Company’s critical accounting policies and management estimates and significant accounting policies followed in the preparation of the financial statements is included in Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations and in Note 1, on pages 44 through 47, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014. There have been no significant changes in critical accounting policies, management estimates or accounting policies followed since the year ended December 31, 2014.
FINANCIAL CONDITION, LIQUIDITY AND CASH FLOW
Overview
The Company’s financial condition, liquidity and cash flow remained strong through the first nine months of 2015 primarily due to improved operating results in our Paint Stores and Consumer Groups. Net working capital increased $418.7 million at September 30, 2015 compared to the end of the third quarter of 2014 due to a significant decrease in current liabilities only partially offset by a significant decrease in current assets. Cash and cash equivalents decreased $170.3 million, primarily due to treasury stock purchases, slightly offset by an increase in accounts receivable of $5.0 million and an increase in inventories of $6.2 million. Accounts payable decreased $49.8 million and all other current liabilities decreased $6.5 million from September 30, 2014. Short-term borrowings decreased $18.8 million and current portion of long-term debt decreased $499.1 million resulting from the 3.125% Senior Notes becoming due in 2014. On July 28, 2015, the Company issued $400.0 million of 3.45% Senior Notes due 2025 and $400.0 million of 4.55% Senior Notes due 2045. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including repayment of a portion of the Company’s outstanding short-term borrowings. The Company continues to maintain sufficient short-term borrowing capacity at reasonable rates, and the Company has sufficient cash on hand and total available borrowing capacity to fund its current operating needs. In the first nine months of 2015, accounts receivable increased $283.4 million when normal seasonal trends typically require significant growth in this category and inventories increased $19.3 million. Accounts payable increased $174.2 million, primarily due to the seasonal increase in need for working capital, and all other current liabilities increased $82.0 million, primarily due to timing of tax payments, while short-term borrowings decreased $642.6 million as a result of being paid down from long-term debt proceeds. The Company’s current ratio was 1.27 at September 30, 2015 compared to 1.07 at September 30, 2014 and 0.96 at December 31, 2014. Total debt at September 30, 2015 increased $279.5 million to $1.960 billion from $1.681 billion at September 30, 2014 and increased as a percentage of total capitalization to 66.8 percent from 55.4 percent at the end of the third quarter last year. Total debt increased $154.7 million from December 31, 2014 and increased as a percentage of total capitalization from 64.4 percent to 66.8 percent. At September 30, 2015, the Company had remaining borrowing ability of $2.328 billion. Net operating cash improved $21.2 million in the first nine months of 2015 to a cash source of $902.5 million from a cash source of $881.3 million in 2014. In the twelve month period from October 1, 2014 through September 30, 2015, the Company generated net operating cash of $1.103 billion, used $306.3 million in investing activities, and used $952.0 million in financing activities. In that same period, the Company invested $222.6 million in capital additions and improvements, increased total debt by $291.6 million, purchased $1.161 billion in treasury stock and paid $240.3 million in cash dividends to its shareholders of common stock.
Net Working Capital, Debt and Other Long-Term Assets and Liabilities
Cash and cash equivalents increased $50.3 million during the first nine months of 2015. Cash and cash equivalents on hand and increased total net debt funded cash requirements for increased sales and normal seasonal increases in working capital, capital expenditures of $158.0 million, payments of cash dividends of $187.2 million, and treasury stock purchases of $766.1 million. At September 30, 2015, the Company’s current ratio was 1.27 compared to 0.96 at December 31, 2014 and 1.07 a year ago. The increase resulted primarily from the decrease in short-term borrowings and current portion of long-term debt.
Goodwill and intangible assets decreased $35.6 million from December 31, 2014 and decreased $50.5 million from September 30, 2014. The net decrease during the first nine months of 2015 was due to amortization of $20.0 million and foreign currency translation of $17.5 million partially offset by capitalization of software of $1.8 million. The net decrease over the twelve month period from September 30, 2014 resulted from amortization of $27.2 million and foreign currency translation of $28.9 million partially offset by capitalization of software of $5.7 million. See Note 4, on pages 48 and 49, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for more information concerning goodwill and intangible assets.
Deferred pension assets increased $2.0 million during the first nine months of 2015 and decreased $52.0 million from September 30, 2014. The decrease in the last twelve months was due primarily to increased projected benefit obligations resulting from changes in actuarial assumptions partially offset by increases in the fair market value of equity securities held by the Company’s defined benefit pension plans. See Note 6, on pages 52 through 57, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for more information concerning the Company’s benefit plan assets.
Other assets at September 30, 2015 increased $78.0 million in the first nine months of 2015 and increased $41.1 million from a year ago primarily due to long-term deposits and increased other investments.

21



Net property, plant and equipment decreased $5.9 million in the first nine months of 2015 and increased $1.9 million in the twelve months since September 30, 2014. The decrease in the first nine months was primarily due to depreciation expense of $127.0 million, changes in currency translation rates of $26.9 million, and sale or disposition of fixed assets of $9.9 million partially offset by capital expenditures of $158.0 million. Since September 30, 2014, capital expenditures of $222.6 million were partially offset by depreciation expense of $170.3 million, changes in currency translation rates of $38.5 million and dispositions or sale of assets with remaining net book value of $11.8 million. Capital expenditures during the first nine months of 2015 primarily represented expenditures associated with improvements and normal equipment replacement in manufacturing and distribution facilities in the Consumer Group, normal equipment replacement in the Paint Stores and Global Finishes Groups, and information systems hardware in the Administrative Segment.
On July 16, 2015, the Company and three of its wholly-owned subsidiaries, Sherwin-Williams Canada, Inc. (SW Canada), Sherwin-Williams Luxembourg S.à r.l. (SW Lux) and Sherwin-Williams UK Holding Limited, entered into a new five-year $1.350 billion credit agreement (new credit agreement). The new credit agreement is being used for general corporate purposes, including the financing of working capital requirements. The new credit agreement replaced the previous credit agreements for each of the Company, SW Canada and SW Lux, dated July 8, 2011, June 29, 2012 and September 19, 2012, as amended, respectively. The new credit agreement allows the Company to extend the maturity of the facility with two one-year extension options and to increase the aggregate amount of the facility to $1.850 billion, both of which are subject to the discretion of each lender. At September 30, 2015, short-term borrowings outstanding under the new credit agreement were $22.4 million with a weighted average interest rate of 0.9% while various foreign programs were $14.5 million with a weighted average interest rate of 14.6%. The Company had unused capacity of $1.328 billion at September 30, 2015 under the new credit agreement. There were no borrowings outstanding under the Company's domestic commercial paper program that is backed by the Company’s revolving credit agreement at September 30, 2015. On July 28, 2015, the Company issued $400.0 million of 3.45% Senior Notes due 2025 and $400.0 million of 4.55% Senior Notes due 2045. The proceeds will be used for general corporate purposes, including repayment of a portion of the Company’s outstanding short-term borrowings. See Note 7, on page 58, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for more information concerning the Company’s debt.
Long-term liabilities for postretirement benefits other than pensions did not change significantly from December 31, 2014 and increased $6.8 million from September 30, 2014. The increase in the liability was due to the increase in the actuarially determined postretirement benefit obligation resulting from changes in actuarial assumptions partially offset by favorable claims experience. See Note 6, on pages 52 through 57, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for more information concerning the Company’s benefit plan obligations.
Other long-term liabilities at September 30, 2015 increased $2.7 million in the first nine months of 2015 primarily due to increased environmental provisions, and decreased $69.3 million from a year ago primarily due to a decrease in long-term commitments related to affordable housing and historic renovation real estate properties and non-current deferred tax liabilities, partially offset by an increase in accruals for extended environmental-related liabilities.
Environmental-Related Liabilities
The operations of the Company, like those of other companies in the same industry, are subject to various federal, state and local environmental laws and regulations. These laws and regulations not only govern current operations and products, but also impose potential liability on the Company for past operations. Management expects environmental laws and regulations to impose increasingly stringent requirements upon the Company and the industry in the future. Management believes that the Company conducts its operations in compliance with applicable environmental laws and regulations and has implemented various programs designed to protect the environment and promote continued compliance.
Depreciation of capital expenditures and other expenses related to ongoing environmental compliance measures were included in the normal operating expenses of conducting business. The Company’s capital expenditures, depreciation and other expenses related to ongoing environmental compliance measures were not material to the Company’s financial condition, liquidity, cash flow or results of operations during the first nine months of 2015. Management does not expect that such capital expenditures, depreciation and other expenses will be material to the Company’s financial condition, liquidity, cash flow or results of operations in 2015. See Note 8 for further information on environmental-related long-term liabilities.
Contractual Obligations, Commercial Commitments and Warranties
Short-term borrowings decreased $642.6 million to $36.8 million at September 30, 2015 from $679.4 million at December 31, 2014. Total long-term debt increased $797.4 million to $1.923 billion at September 30, 2015 from $1.126 billion at December 31, 2014, and increased $298.4 million from $1.625 billion at September 30, 2014. See the Financial Condition, Liquidity and Cash Flow section of this report for more information. There have been no other significant changes to the Company’s contractual obligations and commercial commitments in the third quarter of 2015 as summarized in Management’s

22



Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014.
Changes to the Company’s accrual for product warranty claims in the first nine months of 2015 are disclosed in Note 5.
Litigation
See Note 9 for information concerning litigation.
Shareholders’ Equity
Shareholders’ equity decreased $20.3 million to $976.2 million at September 30, 2015 from $996.5 million at December 31, 2014 and decreased $375.8 million from $1.352 billion at September 30, 2014. The decrease in Shareholders’ equity for the first nine months of 2015 resulted primarily from purchases of treasury stock of $766.1 million, cash dividends paid on common stock of $187.2 million, and an increase in Cumulative other comprehensive loss of $97.5 million partially offset by net income of $855.8 million and an increase in Other capital of $207.5 million, resulting primarily from stock option exercises. Since September 30, 2014, purchases of treasury stock for $1.161 billion, cash dividends paid on common stock of $240.3 million, and an increase in Cumulative other comprehensive loss of $197.6 million more than offset increases from net income of $988.6 million and an increase in Other capital of $267.6 million in twelve months. During the first nine months of 2015, the Company purchased 2.58 million shares of its common stock for treasury purposes through open market purchases. The Company purchased 4.18 million shares of its common stock since September 30, 2014 for treasury. The Company acquires its common stock for general corporate purposes, and depending on its cash position and market conditions, it may acquire additional shares in the future. The Company had remaining authorization at September 30, 2015 to purchase 2.65 million shares of its common stock. At a meeting held on October 21, 2015, the Board of Directors authorized the Company to purchase an additional 10.00 million shares of the Company's stock for treasury purposes. At a meeting held on February 18, 2015, the Board of Directors increased the quarterly cash dividend from $.55 per common share to $.67 per common share. This quarterly dividend will result in an annual dividend for 2015 of $2.68 per common share or a 30.5 percent payout of 2014 diluted net income per common share.
Cash Flow
Net operating cash improved $21.2 million in the first nine months of 2015 to a cash source of $902.5 million from a cash source of $881.3 million in 2014 primarily due to an increase in net income of $122.7 million partially offset by increases in cash used for working capital. Net investing cash usage decreased $3.8 million in the first nine months of 2015 to a usage of $161.8 million from a usage of $165.5 million in 2014 primarily due to decreased cash used for other investments and increased proceeds from sale of long-term assets partially offset by higher capital expenditures. Net financing cash usage decreased $515.1 million to a usage of $671.4 million in the first nine months of 2015 from a usage of $1.186 billion in 2014 primarily due to net decreases in short-term borrowings of $598.4 million partially offset by decreases in treasury stock purchases of $328.0 million in the first nine months of 2015. In the twelve month period from October 1, 2014 through September 30, 2015, the Company generated net operating cash of $1.103 billion, used $306.3 million in investing activities and used $952.0 million in financing activities. In that same period, the Company invested $222.6 million in capital additions and improvements, received long-term debt net proceeds of $298.6 million, decreased short-term borrowings by $6.9 million, purchased $1.161 billion in treasury stock and paid $240.3 million in cash dividends to its shareholders of common stock.
Market Risk
The Company is exposed to market risk associated with interest rate, foreign currency and commodity fluctuations. The Company occasionally utilizes derivative instruments as part of its overall financial risk management policy, but does not use derivative instruments for speculative or trading purposes. In the first nine months of 2015, the Company entered into forward currency exchange contracts with maturity dates of less than twelve months to hedge against value changes in foreign currency. The Company believes it may be exposed to continuing market risk from foreign currency exchange rate and commodity price fluctuations. However, the Company does not expect that foreign currency exchange rate and commodity price fluctuations or hedging contract losses will have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows.
Financial Covenant
Certain borrowings contain a consolidated leverage covenant. The covenant states the Company’s leverage ratio is not to exceed 3.50 to 1.00. The leverage ratio is defined as the ratio of total indebtedness (the sum of Short-term borrowings, Current portion of long-term debt and Long-term debt) at the reporting date to consolidated “Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation, and Amortization” (EBITDA) for the twelve month period ended on the same date. Refer to the “Results of Operations” caption below for a reconciliation of EBITDA to Net income. At September 30, 2015, the Company was in

23



compliance with the covenant. The Company’s Notes, Debentures and revolving credit agreements contain various default and cross-default provisions. In the event of default under any one of these arrangements, acceleration of the maturity of any one or more of these borrowings may result. See Note 7, on page 58, in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 for more information concerning the Company’s debt and related covenant.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
Shown below are net sales and income before taxes by segment for the third quarter and first nine months:
(Thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Net Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paint Stores Group
$
2,087,263

 
$
2,027,485

 
2.9
 %
 
$
5,533,753

 
$
5,270,080

 
5.0
 %
Consumer Group
421,633

 
385,238

 
9.4
 %
 
1,263,365

 
1,143,893

 
10.4
 %
Global Finishes Group
486,133

 
536,261

 
-9.3
 %
 
1,461,456

 
1,578,497

 
-7.4
 %
Latin America Coatings Group
156,019

 
200,367

 
-22.1
 %
 
472,318

 
563,975

 
-16.3
 %
Administrative
1,237

 
1,219

 
1.5
 %
 
3,816

 
3,676

 
3.8
 %
Total
$
3,152,285

 
$
3,150,570

 
0.1
 %
 
$
8,734,708

 
$
8,560,121

 
2.0
 %
 
(Thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
 
2015
 
2014
 
Change
Income Before Income Taxes:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Paint Stores Group
$
507,411

 
$
431,840

 
17.5
 %
 
$
1,117,368

 
$
953,962

 
17.1
 %
Consumer Group
88,273

 
78,956

 
11.8
 %
 
257,926

 
222,532

 
15.9
 %
Global Finishes Group
55,133

 
60,751

 
-9.2
 %
 
151,301

 
162,093

 
-6.7
 %
Latin America Coatings Group
2,145

 
11,792

 
-81.8
 %
 
15,676

 
27,439

 
-42.9
 %
Administrative
(102,240
)
 
(109,291
)
 
6.5
 %
 
(290,526
)
 
(296,671
)
 
2.1
 %
Total
$
550,722

 
$
474,048

 
16.2
 %
 
$
1,251,745

 
$
1,069,355

 
17.1
 %
Consolidated net sales increased in the third quarter and first nine months of 2015 due primarily to higher paint sales volume in our Paint Stores and Consumer Groups, partially offset by unfavorable currency translation rate changes that decreased consolidated net sales 3.6 percent in the quarter and 3.2 percent in the first nine months.
Net sales of all consolidated foreign subsidiaries were down 22.9 percent to $441.2 million in the quarter and down 18.1 percent to $1.374 billion in the first nine months versus $571.9 million and $1.678 billion in the same periods last year. The decrease in net sales for all consolidated foreign subsidiaries in the quarter and first nine months was due primarily to a 17.6 percent negative impact and a 15.1 percent negative impact of foreign translation rate changes, respectively. Net sales of all operations other than consolidated foreign subsidiaries were up 5.1 percent to $2.711 billion in the quarter and up 6.9 percent to $7.360 billion in the first nine months as compared to $2.579 billion and $6.882 billion in the same periods last year.
Net sales in the Paint Stores Group increased in the third quarter and first nine months due primarily to higher architectural paint sales volume. Net sales from stores open for more than twelve calendar months increased 2.1 percent in the quarter and increased 3.9 percent in the first nine months compared to last year’s comparable periods. Sales of non-paint products increased by 6.1 percent over last year's third quarter and increased by 7.8 percent over last year's first nine months. A discussion of changes in volume versus pricing for sales of products other than paint is not pertinent due to the wide assortment of general merchandise sold. Net sales of the Consumer Group increased in the third quarter and first nine months due primarily to the new paint program launch at a national retailer. Net sales in the Global Finishes Group stated in U.S. dollars decreased in the third quarter and first nine months due primarily to unfavorable currency translation rate changes, which decreased net sales by 8.3 percent in the quarter and 7.6 percent in the first nine months. Net sales in the Latin America Coatings Group stated in U.S. dollars decreased in the third quarter and first nine months, which can primarily be attributed to unfavorable currency translation rate changes partially offset by selling price increases. Currency translation rate changes decreased net sales by 23.6 percent in the quarter and decreased net sales by 18.5 percent in the first nine months. Net sales in the Administrative segment, which primarily consist of external leasing revenue of excess headquarters space and leasing of facilities no longer used by the Company in its primary business, were essentially flat in the third quarter and first nine months.

24



Consolidated gross profit increased $103.6 million in the third quarter and increased $290.5 million in the first nine months of 2015 compared to the same periods in 2014. As a percent of sales, consolidated gross profit increased to 49.9 percent in the quarter from 46.7 percent in the third quarter of 2014 and improved to 48.5 percent in the first nine months of 2015 from 46.1 percent last year. The percent to sales and dollar increases were primarily due to increased paint sales volume.
The Paint Stores Group’s gross profit was higher than last year by $89.2 million in the third quarter and was higher than last year by $231.5 million in the first nine months due to higher paint sales volume. The Paint Stores Group’s gross profit margins increased in the quarter and first nine months compared to the same periods last year for that same reason. The Consumer Group’s gross profit increased by $34.2 million in the quarter and increased by $106.0 million in the first nine months compared to the same periods last year primarily due to increased sales volume and improved manufacturing volumes and operating efficiency. The Consumer Group's gross profit margins increased as a percent of sales for the third quarter and first nine months compared to the same periods last year for those same reasons. The Global Finishes Group’s gross profit decreased $5.6 million in the third quarter and decreased $24.3 million in the first nine months compared to the same periods last year, when stated in U.S. dollars, primarily due to unfavorable currency translation rate changes and decreased international sales. The Global Finishes Group’s gross profit margins were up as a percent of sales in the quarter and up as a percent of sales in the first nine months compared to the same periods last year due primarily to increased domestic sales. The Latin America Coatings Group’s gross profit decreased by $17.8 million in the third quarter and decreased by $28.8 million in the first nine months from the same periods in the prior year, when stated in U.S. dollars, primarily due to unfavorable currency translation rate changes. The Administrative segment’s gross profit increased by $3.5 million in the third quarter and increased by $6.0 million in the first nine months compared to the same periods last year.
Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) increased $9.3 million in the third quarter and increased $84.4 million in the first nine months of 2015 versus last year due primarily to increased expenses to support higher sales levels and net new store openings as well as the impact from a new paint program launch at a national retailer. As a percent of sales, consolidated SG&A increased slightly to 31.5 percent in the quarter and increased slightly to 33.5 percent in the first nine months of 2015 from 31.2 percent in the third quarter and 33.1 percent in the first nine months of 2014 primarily due to those same reasons.
The Paint Stores Group’s SG&A increased $12.3 million in the third quarter and increased $67.3 million in the first nine months due primarily to net new store openings and general comparable store expenses to support higher sales levels. The Consumer Group’s SG&A was up $23.7 million in the quarter and increased $69.3 million in the first nine months compared to the same periods last year primarily due to a new paint program launch at a national retailer. The Global Finishes Group’s SG&A decreased $9.1 million in the quarter and decreased $25.1 million in the first nine months primarily due to currency translation rate changes. The Latin America Coatings Group’s SG&A decreased $7.7 million in the third quarter and decreased $18.2 million in the first nine months due to currency translation rate changes partially offset by timing of spending. The Administrative segment’s SG&A decreased $10.0 million in the third quarter and decreased $8.9 million in the first nine months primarily due to incentive compensation, including stock-based compensation expense.
Other general expense—net decreased $2.8 million in the third quarter and increased $5.3 million in the first nine months primarily due to decreased provisions in the quarter and increased provisions in the first nine months for environmental expenses in the Administrative segment.
Other expense (income) —net increased $18.7 million in the third quarter and increased $23.7 million in the first nine months as compared to 2014 primarily due to a $6.3 million gain on the early termination of a customer agreement recorded in the Global Finishes Group and a $6.2 million realized gain resulting from final asset valuations related to the acquisition of the U.S./Canada business of Comex recorded in the Administrative segment, both recorded in the third quarter of 2014. Additionally, higher foreign currency transaction losses in both the Global Finishes and Latin America Coatings Groups increased Other expense in the third quarter and first nine months.
Consolidated income before income taxes increased $76.7 million in the third quarter and increased $182.4 million in the first nine months due to higher segment profits in Paint Stores and Consumer Groups partially offset by lower segment profits in Global Finishes and Latin America Coatings Groups.
The effective income tax rate of 32.0 percent for the third quarter of 2015 was higher than the 31.2 percent effective income tax rate for the third quarter of 2014 primarily due to a decrease in miscellaneous discrete tax benefits reflected in the third quarter of 2015 compared to third quarter of 2014. The effective income tax rate of 31.6 percent for the first nine months of 2015 was higher than the 31.4 percent effective income tax rate for the first nine months of 2014 primarily due to those same reasons.
Net income for the quarter increased $48.3 million to $374.5 million from $326.2 million in the third quarter of 2014 and increased $122.7 million to $855.8 million from $733.1 million in the first nine months of 2014. Diluted net income per common share increased 18.5 percent from $3.35 per share in the third quarter of 2014 to $3.97 per share in the third quarter of

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2015. Diluted net income per common share increased 22.3 percent from $7.39 per share in the first nine months of 2014 to $9.04 per share in the first nine months of 2015.
Management considers a measurement that is not in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles a useful measurement of the operational profitability of the Company. Some investment professionals also utilize such a measurement as an indicator of the value of profits and cash that are generated strictly from operating activities, putting aside working capital and certain other balance sheet changes. For this measurement, management increases net income for significant non-operating and non-cash expense items to arrive at an amount known as “Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization” (EBITDA). The reader is cautioned that the following value for EBITDA should not be compared to other entities unknowingly. EBITDA should not be considered an alternative to net income or cash flows from operating activities as an indicator of operating performance or as a measure of liquidity. The reader should refer to the determination of net income and cash flows from operating activities in accordance with U. S. generally accepted accounting principles disclosed in the Statements of Consolidated Income and Comprehensive Income and Statements of Consolidated Cash Flows. EBITDA as used by management is calculated as follows: 
(Thousands of dollars)
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2015
 
2014
 
2015
 
2014
Net income
$
374,491

 
$
326,240

 
$
855,832

 
$
733,144

Interest expense
16,995

 
16,025

 
42,231

 
48,793

Income taxes
176,231

 
147,808

 
395,913

 
336,211

Depreciation
42,391

 
42,248

 
126,972

 
125,761

Amortization
6,249

 
7,465

 
19,969

 
22,611

EBITDA
$
616,357

 
$
539,786

 
$
1,440,917

 
$
1,266,520


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CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION

Certain statements contained in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and elsewhere in this report constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. These forward-looking statements are based upon management’s current expectations, estimates, assumptions and beliefs concerning future events and conditions and may discuss, among other things, anticipated future performance (including sales and earnings), expected growth, future business plans and the costs and potential liability for environmental-related matters and the lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation. Any statement that is not historical in nature is a forward-looking statement and may be identified by the use of words and phrases such as “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “will,” “will likely result,” “will continue,” “plans to” and similar expressions.
Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements are necessarily subject to risks, uncertainties and other factors, many of which are outside the control of the Company, that could cause actual results to differ materially from such statements and from the Company’s historical results and experience. These risks, uncertainties and other factors include such things as: (a) general business conditions, strengths of retail and manufacturing economies and the growth in the coatings industry; (b) competitive factors, including pricing pressures and product innovation and quality; (c) changes in raw material and energy supplies and pricing; (d) changes in the Company’s relationships with customers and suppliers; (e) the Company’s ability to attain cost savings from productivity initiatives; (f) the Company’s ability to successfully integrate past and future acquisitions into its existing operations, as well as the performance of the businesses acquired; (g) changes in general domestic economic conditions such as inflation rates, interest rates, tax rates, unemployment rates, higher labor and healthcare costs, recessions, and changing government policies, laws and regulations; (h) risks and uncertainties associated with the Company’s expansion into and its operations in Asia, Europe, South America and other foreign markets, including general economic conditions, inflation rates, recessions, foreign currency exchange rates, foreign investment and repatriation restrictions, legal and regulatory constraints, civil unrest and other external economic and political factors; (i) the achievement of growth in foreign markets, such as Asia, Europe and South America; (j) increasingly stringent domestic and foreign governmental regulations, including those affecting health, safety and the environment; (k) inherent uncertainties involved in assessing the Company’s potential liability for environmental-related activities; (l) other changes in governmental policies, laws and regulations, including changes in accounting policies and standards and taxation requirements (such as new tax laws and new or revised tax law interpretations); (m) the nature, cost, quantity and outcome of pending and future litigation and other claims, including the lead pigment and lead-based paint litigation, and the effect of any legislation and administrative regulations relating thereto; and (n) unusual weather conditions.
Readers are cautioned that it is not possible to predict or identify all of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may affect future results and that the above list should not be considered to be a complete list. Any forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date on which such statement is made, and the Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statement, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.


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Item 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
The Company is exposed to market risk associated with interest rate, foreign currency and commodity fluctuations. The Company occasionally utilizes derivative instruments as part of its overall financial risk management policy, but does not use derivative instruments for speculative or trading purposes. The Company enters into option and forward currency exchange contracts and commodity swaps to hedge against value changes in foreign currency and commodities. The Company believes it may experience continuing losses from foreign currency translation and commodity price fluctuations. However, the Company does not expect currency translation, transaction, commodity price fluctuations or hedging contract losses to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition, results of operations or cash flows. There were no material changes in the Company’s exposure to market risk since the disclosure