424B3
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Filed Pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3)

Registration Number: 333-188651

PROSPECTUS

 

LOGO

6,000,000 Shares of Common Stock

 

 

This prospectus relates to 6,000,000 shares of our common stock that we may offer and issue from time to time in connection with future acquisitions of other businesses, assets or securities.

We will determine the amount and type of consideration to be offered and the other specific terms of each acquisition following negotiation with the owners or controlling persons of the businesses, assets or securities to be acquired. The consideration for any such acquisition may consist of shares of our common stock or a combination of common stock, cash, notes or assumption of liabilities. We may structure business acquisitions in a variety of ways, including acquiring stock, other equity interests or assets of the acquired business or merging the acquired business with us or one of our subsidiaries. We expect that the shares of common stock issued in connection with these transactions will be valued at a price reasonably related to the market value of our common stock either at the time an agreement is reached regarding the terms of the acquisition, at the time we issue the shares, or during some other negotiated period. Persons to whom we issue our common stock under this prospectus may also use this prospectus to resell the common stock. We have not fixed a period of time during which the common stock offered by this prospectus may be offered or sold.

We may also issue shares of common stock upon the exercise of options, warrants, convertible securities or other similar securities assumed or issued by us from time to time in connection with these transactions.

We will pay all expenses of this offering. We will not pay underwriting discounts or commissions in connection with issuing these shares, although we may pay finder’s fees in specific acquisitions. Any person receiving a finder’s fee may be deemed an “underwriter” within the meaning of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “AJG.” On May 14, 2013, the last reported per share sale price of our common stock was $45.20.

Investing in our common stock involves risk. You should carefully consider the “Risk Factors” beginning on page 5 in determining whether to accept stock as all or part of the purchase price for our acquisition of your business, securities or other assets.

 

 

Neither the Securities and Exchange Commission nor any state securities commission has approved or disapproved of these securities or passed upon the adequacy or accuracy of this prospectus. Any representation to the contrary is a criminal offense.

 

 

The date of this prospectus is June 6, 2013.


Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

     2   

SUMMARY

     4   

RISK FACTORS

     5   

SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

     16   

PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK AND DIVIDENDS

     17   

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

     17   

BUSINESS

     19   

PROPERTIES

     25   

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

     25   

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

     25   

CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

     70   

DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE OFFICERS AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE

     70   

EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

     76   

DIRECTOR COMPENSATION

     99   

CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED PARTY TRANSACTIONS

     100   

SECURITY OWNERSHIP BY CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT

     101   

DESCRIPTION OF CAPITAL STOCK

     102   

ACQUISITION PROGRAM AND PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION

     103   

LEGAL MATTERS

     104   

EXPERTS

     104   

AVAILABLE INFORMATION

     105   

 

 

This prospectus incorporates important business and financial information about us that is not included in or delivered with this prospectus. We will provide, without charge upon written or oral request, a copy of any or all of the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus. Direct any such requests to: General Counsel, Arthur J. Gallagher & Co., Two Pierce Place, Itasca, Illinois 60143-3141 (telephone number (630) 773-3800). To obtain timely delivery, you must request the information no later than five business days before the date that you must make your investment decision.

You should rely only on information contained in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement. We have not authorized anyone to give you any information or make any representation about us that is different from, or in addition to, that contained in this prospectus or

 

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any prospectus supplement. If anyone does give you information of this sort, you should not rely on it. If you are in a jurisdiction where offers to sell, or solicitations of offers to purchase, the securities offered by this document are unlawful, or if you are a person to whom it is unlawful to direct these types of activities, then the offer presented in this document does not extend to you. The information contained in this prospectus speaks only as of the date of this document, unless the information specifically indicates that another date applies.

CAUTIONARY STATEMENT REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

This prospectus contains certain statements related to future results, or states our intentions, beliefs and expectations or predictions for the future, which are forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements relate to expectations or forecasts of future events. They use words such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “contemplate,” “forecast,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “potential,” and other similar terms, and future or conditional tense verbs like “could,” “may,” “might,” “see,” “should,” “will” and “would.” You can also identify forward-looking statements by the fact that they do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. For example, we may use forward-looking statements when addressing topics such as: market and industry conditions, including competitive and pricing trends; acquisition strategy; the expected impact of acquisitions and dispositions; the development and performance of our services and products; changes in the composition or level of our revenues or earnings; our cost structure and the outcome of cost-saving or restructuring initiatives; the outcome of contingencies; dividend policy; pension obligations; cash flow and liquidity; capital structure and financial losses; future actions by regulators; the impact of changes in accounting rules; financial markets; interest rates; foreign exchange rates; matters relating to our operations; income taxes; and expectations regarding our investments, including our clean energy investments. These forward-looking statements are subject to certain risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from either historical or anticipated results depending on a variety of factors.

Many factors could affect our actual results, and variances from our current expectations regarding such factors could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed in our forward-looking statements. Potential factors that could impact results include:

 

   

Volatility or declines in premiums or other adverse trends in the insurance industry;

 

   

An economic downturn, as well as uncertainty regarding the European debt crisis and market perceptions concerning the instability of the Euro;

 

   

Competitive pressures in each of our businesses;

 

   

Risks that could negatively affect the success of our acquisition strategy, including continuing consolidation in our industry, which could make it more difficult to identify targets and could make them more expensive, execution risks, integration risks, the risk of post-acquisition deterioration leading to intangible asset impairment charges, and the risk we could incur or assume unanticipated regulatory liabilities such as those relating to violations of anti-corruption laws;

 

   

Failure to attract and retain experienced and qualified personnel;

 

   

Risks arising from our growing international operations, including the risks posed by political and economic uncertainty in certain countries, risks related to maintaining regulatory and legal compliance across multiple jurisdictions, and risks arising from the complexity of managing businesses across different time zones, geographies, cultures and legal regimes;

 

   

Risks particular to our risk management segment;

 

   

The lower level of predictability inherent in contingent and supplemental commissions versus standard commissions;

 

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Sustained increases in the cost of employee benefits;

 

   

Failure to apply technology effectively in driving value for our clients through technology-based solutions, or failure to gain internal efficiencies and effective internal controls through the application of technology and related tools;

 

   

Inability to recover successfully should we experience a disaster, material cybersecurity attack or other significant disruption to business continuity;

 

   

Failure to comply with regulatory requirements, or a change in regulations that adversely affects our operations;

 

   

Violations of the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (which we refer to as the FCPA), the UK Bribery Act of 2010 (which we refer to as the Bribery Act) or other anti-corruption laws;

 

   

Failure to adapt our services to changes resulting from the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act (which we refer to as the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation);

 

   

Unfavorable determinations related to contingencies and legal proceedings;

 

   

Improper disclosure of personal data;

 

   

Significant changes in foreign exchange rates;

 

   

Changes in our accounting estimates and assumptions;

 

   

Risks related to our clean energy investments, including the risk of environmental and product liability claims and environmental compliance costs;

 

   

Disallowance of Internal Revenue Code of 1986 (which we refer to as the IRC) Section 29 or IRC Section 45 tax credits;

 

   

Risks related to losses on other investments held by our corporate segment;

 

   

Restrictions and limitations in the agreements and instruments governing our debt;

 

   

The risk of share ownership dilution when we issue common stock as consideration for acquisitions; and

 

   

Volatility of the price of our common stock.

A detailed discussion of the factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from our published expectations is contained in this prospectus under the heading “Risk Factors,” and in our SEC filings, including our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2012, and any reports we file with the SEC in the future.

Any or all of our forward-looking statements may turn out to be inaccurate, and there are no guarantees about our performance. The factors identified above are not exhaustive. We operate in a dynamic business environment in which new risks may emerge frequently. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements contained in this report, which speak only as of the date set forth on the signature page of this prospectus. Except as required by law, we expressly disclaim any obligation to publicly release the result of any revisions to these forward-looking statements that may be made to reflect events or circumstances after such date or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events.

 

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SUMMARY

The following summary contains basic information and likely does not contain all the information that is important to you. We encourage you to read this entire document, including the financial statements and related notes, before making an investment decision. Except as otherwise indicated or the context otherwise requires, in this prospectus, the terms “we,” “our,” “us” and “the Company” refer to both Arthur J. Gallagher & Co. and its subsidiaries. The term “you” refers to a prospective investor.

About this Prospectus

This prospectus is part of a “shelf” registration statement on Form S-4 that we filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC. Under the shelf registration process, we may from time to time, offer and issue up to 6,000,000 shares of our common stock in connection with future acquisitions of other businesses, assets or securities. This prospectus provides a general description of the common stock that we may offer and issue and that may be offered and sold by selling stockholders. We may add, update or change the information contained in this prospectus by means of one or more prospectus supplements. Before investing in our common stock, both this prospectus and any prospectus supplement should be carefully reviewed.

Our Company

We are engaged in providing insurance brokerage and third-party claims settlement and administration services to entities in the United States and abroad. We believe that our major strength is our ability to deliver comprehensively structured insurance and risk management services to our clients. Our brokers, agents and administrators act as intermediaries between insurers and their customers and we do not assume underwriting risks.

Since our founding in 1927, we have grown from a one-man agency to the world’s fourth largest insurance broker based on revenues, according to Business Insurance magazine’s July 16, 2012 edition, and the world’s largest property/casualty third-party claims administrator, according to Business Insurance magazine’s August 13, 2012 edition. We generate approximately 80% of our revenues domestically, with the remaining 20% derived primarily from operations in Australia, Bermuda, Canada, the Caribbean, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

Shares of our common stock are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol AJG, and we had a market capitalization at March 31, 2013 of approximately $5.2 billion. We were reincorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1972. Our executive offices are located at Two Pierce Place, Itasca, Illinois 60143-3141, and our telephone number is (630) 773-3800.

We have three reporting segments: brokerage, risk management and corporate, which contributed approximately 73%, 22% and 5%, respectively, to 2012 revenues, and 67%, 23 % and 10%, respectively, to revenues during the first quarter of 2013. For more information about our business, please see the “Business” section of this prospectus, beginning on page 19.

Address, Telephone Number and Website

Our principal executive offices are located at Two Pierce Place, Itasca, Illinois 60143. Our telephone number is (630) 773-3800. Our website is http://www.ajg.com. Information on our website is not incorporated into or otherwise a part of this prospectus.

 

 

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RISK FACTORS

Investing in our common stock involves risks. These risks include normal market risks, which are generally outside our control, and risks that are inherent to our business. You should carefully consider all of the information set forth in this prospectus, and, in particular, you should evaluate the risk factors described below, before deciding whether to accept our common stock as all or part of the purchase price for our acquisition of your business, securities or assets.

The risks listed below may occur independent of each other or simultaneously. If any of the risks actually occur, our business, financial condition, and results of operations could suffer, and the trading price of our common stock could decline. Accordingly, you could lose part or all of your investment in our common stock. The risks and uncertainties discussed below also include forward-looking statements, and our actual results may differ substantially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Please see “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in this prospectus for more information.

Risks Relating to our Business Generally

Volatility or declines in premiums or other adverse trends in the insurance industry may seriously undermine our profitability.

We derive much of our revenue from commissions and fees for our brokerage services. We do not determine the insurance premiums on which our commissions are generally based. Moreover, insurance premiums are cyclical in nature and may vary widely based on market conditions. For example, after three years of a “hard” market that began in late 2000 and was strengthened by the events of September 11th, 2001, in which premium rates were stable or increasing, in late 2003 the market experienced the return of flat or reduced premium rates (a “soft” market) in many lines and geographic areas. This put downward pressure on our commission revenues. In 2012, the market began showing signs of “firming” (as opposed to traditional “hardening”) across many lines and geographic areas. In this environment, rates increased at a moderate pace, clients could still obtain coverage, businesses continued to stay in standard-line markets and there was adequate capacity in the market. It is not clear whether this firming is sustainable given the uncertainty of the current economic environment. Because of these market cycles for insurance product pricing, which we cannot predict or control, our brokerage revenues and profitability can be volatile or remain depressed for significant periods of time.

As traditional risk-bearing insurance companies continue to outsource the production of premium revenue to non-affiliated brokers or agents such as us, those insurance companies may seek to further minimize their expenses by reducing the commission rates payable to insurance agents or brokers. The reduction of these commission rates, along with general volatility and/or declines in premiums, may significantly affect our profitability. Because we do not determine the timing or extent of premium pricing changes, we cannot accurately forecast our commission revenues, including whether they will significantly decline. As a result, our budgets for future acquisitions, capital expenditures, dividend payments, loan repayments and other expenditures may have to be adjusted to account for unexpected changes in revenues, and any decreases in premium rates may adversely affect the results of our operations.

In addition, there have been and may continue to be various trends in the insurance industry toward alternative insurance markets including, among other things, greater levels of self-insurance, captives, rent-a-captives, risk retention groups and non-insurance capital markets-based solutions to traditional insurance. While, historically, we have been able to participate in certain of these activities on behalf of our customers and obtain fee revenue for such services, there can be no assurance that we will realize revenues and profitability as favorable as those realized from our traditional brokerage activities.

An economic downturn, as well as uncertainty regarding the European debt crisis and market perceptions concerning the instability of the Euro, could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

An overall decline in economic activity could adversely impact us in future years as a result of reductions in the overall amount of insurance coverage that our clients purchase due to reductions in their headcount, payroll, properties, and the market values of assets, among other factors. Such reductions could also adversely impact future commission revenues when the carriers perform

 

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exposure audits if they lead to subsequent downward premium adjustments. We record the income effects of subsequent premium adjustments when the adjustments become known and, as a result, any improvement in our results of operations and financial condition may lag an improvement in the economy. In addition, some of our clients may cease operations completely in the event of a prolonged deterioration in the economy, which would have an adverse effect on our results of operations and financial condition. We also have a significant amount of trade accounts receivable from some of the insurance companies with which we place insurance. If those insurance companies experience liquidity problems or other financial difficulties, we could encounter delays or defaults in payments owed to us, which could have a significant adverse impact on our consolidated financial condition and results of operations. In addition, if a significant insurer fails or withdraws from writing certain insurance coverages that we offer our client, overall capacity in the industry could be negatively affected, which could reduce our placement of certain lines and types of insurance and, as a result, reduce our revenues and profitability. The failure of an insurer with whom we place business could also result in errors and omissions claims against us by our clients, which could adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

Continued concerns regarding the ability of certain European countries to service their outstanding debt have given rise to instability in the global credit and financial markets. A potential consequence may be stagnant growth, or even recession, in the Eurozone economies and beyond, which could adversely affect our results of operations. The market instability caused by the Eurozone debt crisis has led to questions regarding the future viability of the Euro as a single currency for the region. The dissolution of the Euro (in the extreme case) could lead to further contraction in the Eurozone economies, adversely affecting our results of operations. In addition, the value of our assets held in the Eurozone, including cash holdings, would decline if currencies in the region were devalued.

We face significant competitive pressures in each of our businesses.

The insurance brokerage and service business is highly competitive and many insurance brokerage and service organizations, as well as individuals, actively compete with us in one or more areas of our business around the world. We compete with three firms in the global risk management and brokerage markets that have revenues significantly larger than ours. In addition, various other competing firms that operate nationally or that are strong in a particular country, region or locality may have, in that country, region or locality, an office with revenues as large as or larger than those of our corresponding local office. As a U.S. company with significant operations around the world, lower combined corporate tax rates in the countries where our overseas competitors are located could impact our ability to compete with such companies. We believe that the primary factors in determining our competitive position with other organizations in our industry are the quality of the services rendered and the overall costs to our clients. Losing business to competitors offering similar products at lower prices or having other competitive advantages would adversely affect our business.

In addition, any increase in competition due to new legislative or industry developments could adversely affect us. These developments include:

 

   

Increased capital-raising by insurance underwriting companies, which could result in new capital in the industry, which in turn may lead to lower insurance premiums and commissions;

 

   

Insurance companies selling insurance directly to insureds without the involvement of a broker or other intermediary;

 

   

Changes in our business compensation model as a result of regulatory developments (for example, the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation);

 

   

Federal and state governments establishing programs to provide health insurance (such as public health insurance exchanges) or, in certain cases, property insurance in catastrophe-prone areas or other alternative market types of coverage, that compete with, or completely replace, insurance products offered by insurance carriers; and

 

   

Increased competition from new market participants such as banks, accounting firms and consulting firms offering risk management or insurance brokerage services.

 

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New competition as a result of these or other competitive or industry developments could cause the demand for our products and services to decrease, which could in turn adversely affect our results of operations and financial condition.

We have historically engaged in a large number of acquisitions of insurance brokers and benefits consulting firms. We may not be able to continue to implement such an acquisition strategy in the future and there are risks associated with such acquisitions, which could adversely affect our growth strategy and results of operations.

Historically, we have completed numerous acquisitions of insurance brokers and benefits consulting firms and may continue to make such acquisitions in the future. Our acquisition program has been an important part of our historical growth and we believe that similar acquisition activity will be critical to maintaining comparable growth in the future. Failure to successfully identify and complete acquisitions likely will result in us achieving slower growth. Continuing consolidation in our industry could make it more difficult to identify appropriate targets and could make them more expensive. Even if we are able to identify appropriate acquisition targets, we may not be able to execute transactions on favorable terms or integrate targets following acquisition in a manner that allows us to realize the anticipated benefits of such acquisitions. Our ability to integrate acquisitions may decrease if we complete a greater number of large acquisitions than we have historically. Our acquisitions also pose the risk of post-acquisition deterioration, which could result in lower or negative earnings contribution and/or goodwill impairment charges to earnings.

Additionally, we may incur or assume unanticipated liabilities or contingencies in connection with our acquisitions. These could include liabilities relating to regulatory or compliance issues, including, among other things, liabilities relating to violations of the FCPA, the Bribery Act or other anti-corruption laws when we acquire businesses with international operations. These liabilities could also include unforeseen integration difficulties, resulting in unanticipated expense, relating to accounting, information technology, human resources, or culture and fit issues. If any of these developments occur, our growth strategy and results of operations could be adversely affected.

We own interests in firms where we do not exercise management control (such as Casanueva Perez S.A.P. de C.V. (Grupo CP) in Mexico) and are therefore unable to direct or manage the business to realize the anticipated benefits, including mitigation of risks, that could be achieved through full integration.

Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to attract and retain experienced and qualified personnel.

We believe that our future success depends, in part, on our ability to attract and retain experienced personnel, including our senior management, brokers and other key personnel. In addition, we could be adversely affected if we fail to adequately plan for the succession of members of our senior management team. The insurance brokerage industry has experienced intense competition for the services of leading brokers, and we have lost key brokers to competitors in the past. The loss of our chief executive officer or any of our other senior managers, brokers or other key personnel (including the key personnel that manage our interests in our IRC Section 45 investments), or our inability to identify, recruit and retain such personnel, could materially and adversely affect our business, operating results and financial condition.

Our growing international operations expose us to risks different than those we face in the United States.

We conduct a growing portion of our operations outside the United States, including in countries where the risk of political and economic uncertainty is relatively greater than that present in the United States and more stable countries. Adverse geopolitical or economic conditions may temporarily or permanently disrupt our operations in these countries. For example, we use third-party service providers located in India for certain back-office services. To date, the dispute between India and Pakistan involving the Kashmir region, incidents of terrorism in India and general geopolitical uncertainties have not adversely affected our operations in India. However, such factors could potentially affect our operations or ability to use third-party providers in the future. Should our access to these services be disrupted, our business, operating results and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

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Operating outside the United States may also present other risks that are different from, or greater than, the risks we face doing comparable business in the United States. These include, among others, risks relating to:

 

   

Maintaining awareness of and complying with a wide variety of labor practices and foreign laws, including those relating to export and import duties, environmental policies and privacy issues, as well as laws and regulations applicable to U.S. business operations abroad. These include rules relating to trade sanctions administered by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control, the European Union and the United Nations, the requirements of the FCPA and other anti-bribery and corruption rules and requirements in the countries in which we operate (such as the Bribery Act), as well as unexpected changes in such regulatory requirements and laws;

 

   

Difficulties in staffing and managing foreign operations;

 

   

Less flexible employee relationships, which may limit our ability to prohibit employees from competing with us after their employment, and may make it more difficult and expensive to terminate their employment;

 

   

Political and economic instability (including the potential dissolution of the Euro, acts of terrorism and outbreaks of war);

 

   

Coordinating our communications and logistics across geographic distances and multiple time zones, including during times of crisis management;

 

   

Adverse trade policies, and adverse changes to any of the policies of the United States or any of the foreign jurisdictions in which we operate;

 

   

Adverse changes in tax rates or discriminatory or confiscatory taxation in foreign jurisdictions;

 

   

Legal or political constraints on our ability to maintain or increase prices;

 

   

Cash balances held in foreign banks and institutions where governments have not specifically enacted formal guarantee programs; and

 

   

Governmental restrictions on the transfer of funds to us from our operations outside the United States.

If any of these developments occur, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

We face a variety of risks in our risk management operations that are distinct from those we face in our brokerage operations.

Our risk management operations face a variety of risks distinct from those faced by our brokerage operations, including the risk that:

 

   

The favorable trend among insureds toward outsourcing various types of claims administration and risk management services will reverse or slow, causing our revenues or revenue growth to decline;

 

   

Contracting terms will become less favorable or that the margins on our services will decrease due to increased competition, regulatory constraints or other developments;

 

   

We will not be able to satisfy regulatory requirements related to third party administrators or that regulatory developments will impose additional burdens, costs or business restrictions that make our business less profitable;

 

   

Continued economic weakness or a slow-down in economic activity could lead to a continued reduction in the number of claims we process;

 

   

If we do not control our labor and technology costs, we may be unable to remain competitive in the marketplace and profitably fulfill our existing contracts (other than those that provide cost-plus or other margin protection);

 

   

We may be unable to develop further efficiencies in our claims-handling business if we fail to make adequate improvements in technology or operations; and

 

   

Insurance companies or certain insurance consumers may create in-house servicing capabilities that compete with our third party administration and other administration, servicing and risk management products.

If any of these developments occur, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

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Contingent and supplemental commissions we receive from insurance companies are less predictable than standard commissions, and any decrease in the amount of these kinds of commissions we receive could adversely affect our results of operations.

A portion of our revenues consists of contingent and supplemental commissions we receive from insurance companies. Contingent commissions are paid by insurance companies based upon the profitability, volume and/or growth of the business placed with such companies during the prior year. Supplemental commissions are commissions paid by insurance companies that are established annually in advance based on historical performance criteria. If, due to the current economic environment or for any other reason, we are unable to meet insurance companies’ profitability, volume and/or growth thresholds, and/or insurance companies increase their estimate of loss reserves (over which we have no control), actual contingent commissions and/or supplemental commissions we receive could be less than anticipated, which could adversely affect our results of operations.

Sustained increases in the cost of employee benefits could reduce our profitability.

The cost of current employees’ medical and other benefits, as well as pension retirement benefits and postretirement medical benefits under our legacy defined benefit plans, substantially affects our profitability. In the past, we have occasionally experienced significant increases in these costs as a result of macro-economic factors beyond our control, including increases in health care costs, declines in investment returns on pension assets and changes in discount rates used to calculate pension and related liabilities. A significant decrease in the value of our defined benefit pension plan assets or decreases in the interest rates used to discount the pension plans’ liabilities could cause an increase in pension plan costs in future years. Although we have actively sought to control increases in these costs, we can make no assurance that we will succeed in limiting future cost increases, and continued upward pressure in these costs could reduce our profitability.

If we are unable to apply technology effectively in driving value for our clients through technology-based solutions or gain internal efficiencies and effective internal controls through the application of technology and related tools, our client relationships, growth strategy, compliance programs and operating results could be adversely affected.

Our future success depends, in part, on our ability to develop and implement technology solutions that anticipate and keep pace with rapid and continuing changes in technology, industry standards, client preferences and internal control standards. We may not be successful in anticipating or responding to these developments on a timely and cost-effective basis and our ideas may not be accepted in the marketplace. Additionally, the effort to gain technological expertise and develop new technologies in our business requires us to incur significant expenses. If we cannot offer new technologies as quickly as our competitors, or if our competitors develop more cost-effective technologies, we could experience a material adverse effect on our client relationships, growth strategy, compliance programs and operating results.

Our inability to recover successfully should we experience a disaster, material cybersecurity attack or other significant disruption to business continuity could have a material adverse effect on our operations.

Our ability to conduct business may be adversely affected, even in the short-term, by a disruption in the infrastructure that supports our business and the communities where we are located. For example, our risk management segment is highly dependent on the continued and efficient functioning of RISX-FACS®, our proprietary risk management information system, to provide clients with insurance claim settlement and administration services. Disruptions could be caused by, among other things, restricted physical site access, terrorist activities, disease pandemics, material cybersecurity attacks, or outages to electrical, communications or other services used by our company, our employees or third parties with whom we conduct business. We have certain disaster recovery procedures in place and insurance to protect against such contingencies. However, such procedures may not be effective and any insurance or recovery procedures may not continue to be available at reasonable prices and may not address all such losses or compensate us for the possible loss of clients or increase in claims and lawsuits directed against us because of any period during which we are unable to provide services. Our inability to successfully recover should we experience a disaster or other significant disruption to business continuity could have a material adverse effect on our operations.

 

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Regulatory, Legal and Accounting Risks

We are subject to regulation worldwide. If we fail to comply with regulatory requirements or if regulations change in a way that adversely affects our operations, we may not be able to conduct our business or may be less profitable.

Many of our activities are subject to regulatory supervision, including insurance industry regulation, Federal and state employment regulation and regulations promulgated by regulatory bodies such as the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and Department of Justice (DOJ) in the United States, and the Financial Services Authority (FSA) in the U.K. As our operations grow around the world, it is increasingly difficult to monitor and enforce regulatory compliance across the organization. A compliance failure by even one of our smallest branches could lead to litigation and/or disciplinary actions that may include compensating clients for loss, the imposition of penalties and the revocation of our authorization to operate. In all such cases, we would also likely incur significant internal investigation costs.

In addition, changes in legislation or regulations and actions by regulators, including changes in administration and enforcement policies, could from time to time require operational changes that could result in lost revenues or higher costs or hinder our ability to operate our business. For example, although our inability to accept contingent commissions under an agreement with the Attorney General of the State of Illinois and the Director of Insurance of the State of Illinois ended on October 1, 2009, compensation practices such as contingent commissions could in the future return to the scrutiny of the public, State Attorneys General, and state insurance departments. This could lead to regulations prohibiting or placing restrictions upon the practice. If this or other changes in regulation or enforcement occur, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

We could be adversely affected by violations of the FCPA, the Bribery Act or other anti-corruption laws.

The FCPA, the Bribery Act and other anti-corruption laws generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments (to foreign officials and otherwise) and require companies to keep accurate books and records and maintain appropriate internal controls. Our training program and policies mandate compliance with such laws. We operate in some parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree, and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. In recent years, two of the five publicly traded insurance brokerage firms were investigated in the U.K. by the FSA, and one was investigated in the United States by the SEC and DOJ, for improper payments to foreign officials. These firms paid significant settlements and undertook internal investigations. If we are found to be liable for violations of anti-corruption laws (either due to our own acts or our inadvertence, or due to the acts or inadvertence of others, including employees of our third party partners or agents), we could suffer from civil and criminal penalties or other sanctions, incur significant internal investigation costs and suffer reputational harm.

Our business could be negatively impacted if we are unable to adapt our services to changes resulting from the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation.

In June 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of portions of the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation. The 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation, among other things, increases the level of regulatory complexity for companies that offer health and welfare benefits to their employees. Many clients of our brokerage segment purchase health and welfare products for their employees and, therefore, are impacted by the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation. We have made significant investments in product and knowledge development to assist clients as they navigate the complex requirements of this legislation. Depending on future changes to health legislation, these investments may not yield returns. In addition, if we are unable to adapt our services to changes resulting from this law and any subsequent regulations, our ability to grow our business or to provide effective services, particularly in our employee benefits consulting business, will be negatively impacted. In addition, if our clients reduce the role or extent of employer sponsored health care in response to this law, our results of operations could be adversely impacted.

 

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We are subject to a number of contingencies and legal proceedings which, if determined unfavorably to us, would adversely affect our financial results.

We are subject to numerous claims, tax assessments, lawsuits and proceedings that arise in the ordinary course of business. Such claims, lawsuits and other proceedings could, for example, include claims for damages based on allegations that our employees or sub-agents improperly failed to procure coverage, report claims on behalf of clients, provide insurance companies with complete and accurate information relating to the risks being insured, provide clients with appropriate consulting and claims handling services, or appropriately apply funds that we hold for our clients on a fiduciary basis. We have established provisions against these potential matters that we believe are adequate in light of current information and legal advice, and we adjust such provisions from time to time based on current material developments. The damages claimed in these matters are or may be substantial, including, in many instances, claims for punitive, treble or extraordinary damages. It is possible that, if the outcomes of these contingencies and legal proceedings were not favorable to us, it could materially adversely affect our future financial results. In addition, our results of operations, financial condition or liquidity may be adversely affected if, in the future, our insurance coverage proves to be inadequate or unavailable or we experience an increase in liabilities for which we self-insure. We have purchased errors and omissions insurance and other insurance to provide protection against losses that arise in such matters. Accruals for these items, net of insurance receivables, when applicable, have been provided to the extent that losses are deemed probable and are reasonably estimable. These accruals and receivables are adjusted from time to time as current developments warrant.

As more fully described in Note 12 to our unaudited interim financial statements for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, which we refer to as the First Quarter 2013 Financials, and Note 13 to our audited financial statements for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012, which we refer to as the 2012 Financials, we are subject to a number of legal proceedings, regulatory actions and other contingencies. An adverse outcome in connection with one or more of these matters could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations or financial condition in any given quarterly or annual period. In addition, regardless of any eventual monetary costs, these matters could expose us to negative publicity, reputational damage, harm to our client or employee relationships, or diversion of personnel and management resources, which could adversely affect our ability to recruit quality brokers and other significant employees to our business, and otherwise adversely affect our results of operations.

Improper disclosure of personal data could result in legal liability or harm our reputation.

One of our significant responsibilities is to maintain the security and privacy of our clients’ confidential and proprietary information and the personal data of their employees and other benefit plan participants. We maintain policies, procedures and technological safeguards designed to protect the security and privacy of this information from threats such as a cybersecurity attack. Nonetheless, we cannot entirely eliminate the risk of improper access to or disclosure of personally identifiable information. Such disclosure could harm our reputation and subject us to liability under our contracts and laws that protect personal data, resulting in increased costs or loss of revenue. In the past, we have experienced attempts to wrongfully access our computer and information systems, which, if successful, could have resulted in harm to our business. Our systems were successful in identifying the risk and preventing unauthorized access, and management is not aware of a cybersecurity incident that has had a material effect on our operations. However, there can be no assurance that cybersecurity incidents that could have a material impact on our business will not occur.

Data privacy is subject to frequently changing rules and regulations that sometimes conflict among the various jurisdictions and countries in which we provide services, and may be more stringent in some jurisdictions outside the United States. Our failure to adhere to or successfully implement processes in response to changing regulatory requirements in this area could result in legal liability or damage our reputation.

Significant changes in foreign exchange rates may adversely affect our results of operations.

Some of our foreign subsidiaries receive revenues or incur obligations in currencies that differ from their functional currencies. We must also translate the financial results of our foreign subsidiaries into U.S. dollars. Although we have used foreign currency hedging strategies in the past and currently have some in place, such risks cannot be eliminated entirely, and significant changes in exchange rates may adversely affect our results of operations.

 

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Changes in our accounting estimates and assumptions could negatively affect our financial position and operating results.

We prepare our financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles (which we refer to as GAAP). These accounting principles require us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities, and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of our consolidated financial statements. We are also required to make certain judgments that affect the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during each reporting period. We periodically evaluate our estimates and assumptions, including those relating to the valuation of goodwill and other intangible assets, investments, income taxes, stock-based compensation, claims handling obligations, retirement plans, litigation and contingencies. We base our estimates on historical experience and various assumptions that we believe to be reasonable based on specific circumstances. Actual results could differ from these estimates. Additionally, changes in accounting standards could increase costs to the organization and could have an adverse impact on our future financial position and results of operations.

Risks Relating to our Investments, Debt and Common Stock

Our clean energy investments are subject to various risks and uncertainties.

We have invested in clean energy operations capable of producing refined coal that we believe qualify for tax credits under IRC Section 45.

See Note 11 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials, and Note 12 to the 2012 Financials for a description of these investments. Our ability to generate returns and avoid write-offs in connection with these investments is subject to various risks and uncertainties. These include, but are not limited to, the risks and uncertainties as set forth below.

 

   

Availability of the tax credits under IRC Section 45. Our ability to claim tax credits under IRC Section 45 depends upon the operations in which we have invested satisfying certain ongoing conditions set forth in IRC Section 45. These include, among others, the emissions reduction, “qualifying technology”, and “placed-in-service” requirements of IRC Section 45, as well as the requirement that at least one of the operations’ owners qualifies as a “producer” of refined coal. While we have received some degree of confirmation from the IRS relating to our ability to claim these tax credits, the IRS could ultimately determine that the operations have not satisfied, or have not continued to satisfy, the conditions set forth in IRC Section 45. Additionally, Congress could modify or repeal IRC Section 45 and remove the tax credits retroactively.

 

   

Business risks. We are working to negotiate and finalize arrangements with potential co-investors for the purchase of equity stakes in one or more of the operations that are not currently producing refined coal. If no satisfactory arrangements can be reached with these potential co-investors, or if in the future any one of our co-investors leaves a project, we could have difficulty finding replacements in a timely manner. We could also be exposed to risk due to our lack of control over the operations if future developments, for example a regulatory change affecting public and private companies differently, causes our interests and those of our co-investors to diverge. Finally, our partners responsible for operation and management could fail to run the operations in compliance with IRC Section 45. If any of these developments occur, our investment returns may be negatively impacted.

 

   

Operational risks. Chem-Mod LLC’s multi-pollutant reduction technologies (The Chem-Mod™ Solution) require chemicals that may not be readily available in the marketplace at reasonable costs. Utilities that use the technologies could be idled for various reasons, including operational or environmental problems at the plants or in the boilers, disruptions in the supply or transportation of coal, revocation of their Chem-Mod technologies environmental permits, labor strikes, force majeure events such as hurricanes, or terrorist attacks, any of which could halt or impede the operations. Long-term operations using Chem-Mod’s multi-pollutant reduction technologies could also lead to unforeseen technical or other problems not evident in the short- or medium-term. A serious injury or death of a worker connected with the production of refined coal using Chem-Mod’s technologies could expose the operations to material liabilities, jeopardizing our investment, and could lead to reputational harm. In the event of any such operational problems, we may not be able to take full advantage of the tax credits.

 

   

Market demand for coal. When the price of natural gas and/or oil declines relative to that of coal, some utilities may choose to burn natural gas or oil instead of coal. Market demand for coal may also decline as a result of an economic slowdown and a corresponding decline in the use of electricity. If utilities burn less coal or eliminate coal in the production of electricity, the availability of the tax credits would also be reduced.

 

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IRC Section 45 phase out provisions. IRC Section 45 contains phase out provisions based upon the market price of coal, such that, if the price of coal rises to specified levels, we could lose some or all of the tax credits we expect to receive from these investments.

 

   

Environmental concerns regarding coal. Environmental concerns about greenhouse gases, toxic wastewater discharges and the potential hazardous nature of coal combustion waste could lead to regulations that discourage the burning of coal. For example, such regulations could mandate that electric power generating companies purchase a minimum amount of power from renewable energy sources such as wind, hydroelectric, solar and geothermal. This could result in utilities burning less coal, which would reduce the generation of tax credits.

 

   

Costs of moving a commercial refined coal plant. Changes in circumstances, such as those described above, may cause a commercial refined coal plant to be moved to a different power generation facility, which could require us to invest additional capital.

 

   

Intellectual property risks. Other companies may make claims of intellectual property infringement with respect to The Chem-Mod™ Solution. Such intellectual property claims, with or without merit, could require that Chem-Mod (or we and our investment and operational partners) obtain a license to use the intellectual property, which might not be obtainable on favorable terms, if at all. If Chem-Mod (or we and our investment and operational partners) cannot defend such claims or obtain necessary licenses on reasonable terms, the operations may be precluded from using The Chem-Mod™ Solution.

 

   

Strategic alternatives risk. While we currently expect to continue to hold at least a portion of these refined coal investments, if for any reason in the future we decide to sell more of our interests, the discount rate on future cash flows could be excessive, and could result in an impairment on our investment.

The IRC Section 45 operations in which we have invested and the by-products from such operations may result in environmental and product liability claims and environmental compliance costs.

The construction and operation of the IRC Section 45 operations are subject to Federal, state and local laws, regulations and potential liabilities arising under or relating to the protection or preservation of the environment, natural resources and human health and safety. Such laws and regulations generally require the operations and/or the utilities at which the operations are located to obtain and comply with various environmental registrations, licenses, permits, inspections and other approvals. Such laws and regulations also impose liability, without regard to fault or the legality of a party’s conduct, on certain entities that are considered to have contributed to, or are otherwise involved in, the release or threatened release of hazardous substances into the environment. Such hazardous substances could be released as a result of burning refined coal produced using The Chem-Mod™ Solution in a number of ways, including air emissions, waste water, and by-products such as fly ash. One party may, under certain circumstances, be required to bear more than its share or the entire share of investigation and cleanup costs at a site if payments or participation cannot be obtained from other responsible parties. By using The Chem Mod™ Solution at locations owned and operated by others, we and our partners may be exposed to the risk of becoming liable for environmental damage we may have had little, if any, involvement in creating. Such risk remains even after production ceases at an operation to the extent the environmental damage can be traced to the types of chemicals or compounds used or operations conducted in connection with The Chem-Mod™ Solution. For example, we and our partners could face the risk of product and environmental liability claims related to concrete incorporating fly ash produced using The Chem-Mod™ Solution. No assurances can be given that contractual arrangements and precautions taken to ensure assumption of these risks by facility owners or operators will result in that facility owner or operator accepting full responsibility for any environmental damage. It is also not uncommon for private claims by third parties alleging contamination to also include claims for personal injury, property damage, diminution of property or similar claims. Furthermore, many environmental, health and safety laws authorize citizen suits, permitting third parties to make claims for violations of laws or permits and force compliance. Our insurance may not cover all environmental risk and costs or may not provide sufficient coverage in the event of an environmental claim. If significant uninsured losses arise from environmental damage or product liability claims, or if the costs of environmental compliance increase for any reason, our results of operations and financial condition could be adversely affected.

 

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We have historically benefited from IRC Section 29 tax credits and that law expired on December 31, 2007. The disallowance of IRC Section 29 tax credits would likely cause a material loss.

The law permitting us to claim IRC Section 29 tax credits related to our synthetic coal operations expired on December 31, 2007. We believe our claim for IRC Section 29 tax credits in 2007 and prior years is in accordance with IRC Section 29 and four private letter rulings previously obtained by IRC Section 29-related limited liability companies in which we had an interest. We understand these private letter rulings are consistent with those issued to other taxpayers and have received no indication from the IRS that it will seek to revoke or modify them. However, while our synthetic coal operations are not currently under audit, the IRS could place those operations under audit and an adverse outcome may cause a material loss or cause us to be subject to liability under indemnification obligations related to prior sales of partnership interests in partnerships claiming IRC Section 29 tax credits. For additional information about the potential negative effects of adverse tax audits and related indemnification contingencies, see the discussion on IRC Section 29 tax credits included in “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

We are exposed to various risks relating to losses on investments held by our corporate segment.

Our corporate segment holds a variety of investments. These investments are subject to risk of loss due to a variety of causes, including general overall economic conditions, the effects of changes in interest rates, various regulatory issues, credit risk, potential litigation, tax audits and disputes, failure to monetize in an effective and/or cost-efficient manner and poor operating results. Any of these consequences may diminish the value of our invested assets and adversely affect our net worth and profitability. Additionally, our cash holdings, including cash held in our fiduciary capacity, are subject to the credit, liquidity and other risks faced by our financial institution counterparties.

The agreements and instruments governing our debt contain restrictions and limitations that could significantly impact our ability to operate our business.

The agreements governing our debt contain covenants that, among other things, restrict our ability to dispose of assets, incur additional debt, prepay other debt or amend other debt instruments, pay dividends, engage in certain asset sales, mergers, acquisitions or similar transactions, create liens on assets, engage in certain transactions with affiliates, change our business or make investments.

The restrictions in the agreements governing our debt may prevent us from taking actions that we believe would be in the best interest of our business and our stockholders and may make it difficult for us to execute our business strategy successfully or effectively compete with companies that are not similarly restricted. We may also incur future debt obligations that might subject us to additional or more restrictive covenants that could affect our financial and operational flexibility, including our ability to pay dividends. We cannot make any assurances that we will be able to refinance our debt on terms acceptable to us, or at all.

Economic, financial and industry conditions beyond our control may affect our ability to comply with the covenants and restrictions contained in the agreements governing our debt. The breach of any of these covenants or restrictions could result in a default under an agreement that would permit the applicable lenders to declare all amounts outstanding under such agreements to be due and payable, together with accrued and unpaid interest, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.

In the event we issue common stock as consideration for certain acquisitions we may make, we could dilute share ownership.

We grow our business organically as well as through acquisitions. One method of acquiring companies or otherwise funding our corporate activities is through the issuance of additional equity securities. Should we issue additional equity securities, such issuances could have the effect of diluting our earnings per share as well as existing stockholders’ individual ownership percentages in our company.

 

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Volatility of the price of our common stock could adversely affect our stockholders.

The market price of our common stock could fluctuate significantly as a result of:

 

   

Quarterly variations in our operating results;

 

   

Seasonality of our business cycle;

 

   

Changes in the market’s expectations about our operating results;

 

   

Our operating results failing to meet the expectation of securities analysts or investors in a particular period;

 

   

Changes in financial estimates and recommendations by securities analysts concerning us or the financial services industry in general;

 

   

Operating and stock price performance of other companies that investors deem comparable to us;

 

   

News reports relating to trends in our markets, including any expectations regarding an upcoming “hard” or “soft” market;

 

   

Changes in laws and regulations affecting our business;

 

   

Material announcements by us or our competitors;

 

   

The impact or perceived impact of developments relating to our investments, including the possible perception by securities analysts or investors that such investments divert management attention from our core operations;

 

   

Quarter-to-quarter volatility in the earnings impact of IRC Section 45 tax credits from our clean energy investments, due to the application of accounting standards applicable to the recognition of tax credits;

 

   

Sales of substantial amounts of common shares by our directors, executive officers or significant stockholders or the perception that such sales could occur; and

 

   

General economic and political conditions such as recessions, economic downturns and acts of war or terrorism.

Shareholder class action lawsuits may be instituted against us following a period of volatility in our stock price. Any such litigation could result in substantial cost and a diversion of management’s attention and resources.

 

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SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The following table presents selected consolidated financial data that has been derived from the First Quarter 2013 Financials and 2012 Financials, which are included elsewhere in this prospectus. Such data should be read in conjunction with the First Quarter 2013 Financials and 2012 Financials and related notes thereto,

 

    Year Ended December 31,     Three Months Ended
March 31, (unaudited)
 
    2012     2011     2010     2009     2008     2013      2012  
          (In millions, except per share and employee data)                     

Consolidated Statement of Earnings Data:

              

Commissions

  $ 1,302.5      $ 1,127.4      $ 957.3      $ 912.9      $ 854.2      $ 326.8       $ 272.0   

Fees

    971.7        870.2        735.0        733.8        711.3        239.7         215.6   

Supplemental commissions

    67.9        56.0        60.8        37.4        20.4        17.3         17.1   

Contingent commissions

    42.9        38.1        36.8        27.6        25.3        22.5         19.0   

Investment income and other

    135.3        43.0        74.3        17.6        33.8        67.8         23.1   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

    2,520.3        2,134.7        1,864.2        1,729.3        1,645.0        674.1         546.8   

Total expenses

    2,275.0        1,926.9        1,661.2        1,518.2        1,481.4        631.8         514.3   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

    245.3        207.8        203.0        211.1        163.6        42.3         32.5   

Provision for income taxes

    50.3        63.7        39.7        78.0        52.2        1.8         4.4   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

    195.0        144.1        163.3        133.1        111.4        40.5         28.1   

Earnings (loss) from discontinued operations, net of income taxes

    —          —          10.8        (4.5     (34.1     —           —     
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Net earnings

  $ 195.0      $ 144.1      $ 174.1      $ 128.6      $ 77.3      $ 40.5       $ 28.1   
 

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Per Share Data:

              

Diluted earnings from continuing operations per share(1)

  $ 1.59      $ 1.28      $ 1.56      $ 1.32      $ 1.18      $ .32       $ .24   

Diluted net earnings per share(1)

    1.59        1.28        1.66        1.28        .82        .32         .24   

Dividends declared per common share(2)

    1.36        1.32        1.28        1.28        1.28        .35         .34   

Share Data:

              

Shares outstanding at period end

    125.6        114.7        108.4        102.5        96.4        126.8         118.3   

Weighted average number of common shares outstanding

    121.0        111.7        104.8        100.5        93.8        126.1         116.4   

Weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding

    122.5        112.5        105.1        100.6        94.2        127.5         117.8   

Consolidated Balance Sheet Data:

              

Total assets

  $ 5,352.3      $ 4,483.5      $ 3,596.0      $ 3,250.3      $ 3,271.3      $ 5,225.1       $ 4,602.7   

Long-term debt less current portion

    725.0        675.0        550.0        550.0        400.0        725.0         675.0   

Total stockholders’ equity

    1,658.6        1,243.6        1,106.7        892.9        738.5        1,664.7         1,356.6   

Return on beginning stockholders’ equity(3)

    16     13     20     17     11     N/A         N/A   

Employee Data:

              

Number of employees - continuing operations at period end

    13,707        12,383        10,736        9,840        9,863        13,760         12,532   

Total revenue per employee(4)

  $ 184,000      $ 172,000      $ 174,000      $ 176,000      $ 167,000        N/A         N/A   

Earnings from continuing operations per employee(4)

  $ 14,000      $ 12,000      $ 15,000      $ 14,000      $ 11,000        N/A         N/A   

 

(1) Based on the weighted average number of common and common equivalent shares outstanding during the period.
(2) Based on the total dividends declared on a share of common stock outstanding during the entire period.
(3) Represents net earnings divided by total stockholders’ equity, as of the beginning of the period.
(4) Based on the number of employees at period end related to continuing operations.

 

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PRICE RANGE OF COMMON STOCK AND DIVIDENDS

Our common stock is listed on the New York Stock Exchange, trading under the symbol “AJG.” The following table sets forth information as to the price range of our common stock for the period from January 1, 2011 through March 31, 2013 and the dividends declared per common share for such periods. The table reflects the range of high and low sales prices per share as reported on the New York Stock Exchange composite listing.

 

Quarterly Periods

   High      Low      Dividends Declared
Per Common
Share
 

2013

        

First

   $ 41.31       $ 34.97       $ .35   

2012

        

First

   $ 36.33       $ 32.01       $ .34   

Second

     38.24         33.75         .34   

Third

     37.56         34.46         .34   

Fourth

     36.99         34.20         .34   

2011

        

First

   $ 31.92       $ 28.40       $ .33   

Second

     31.22         27.68         .33   

Third

     29.13         24.29         .33   

Fourth

     33.99         25.27         .33   

On May 14, 2013 the last reported sale price of common stock was $45.20. As of such date, there were approximately 1,000 holders of record of our common stock.

Dividend Policy

Our board of directors determines our dividend policy. Our board of directors declares dividends on a quarterly basis after considering our available cash from earnings, our anticipated cash needs and current conditions in the economy and financial markets.

QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

We are exposed to various market risks in our day to day operations. Market risk is the potential loss arising from adverse changes in market rates and prices, such as interest and foreign currency exchange rates and equity prices. The following analyses present the hypothetical loss in fair value of the financial instruments held by us at March 31, 2013 that are sensitive to changes in interest rates. The range of changes in interest rates used in the analyses reflects our view of changes that are reasonably possible over a one year period. This discussion of market risks related to our consolidated balance sheet includes estimates of future economic environments caused by changes in market risks. The effect of actual changes in these market risk factors may differ materially from our estimates. In the ordinary course of business, we also face risks that are either nonfinancial or unquantifiable, including credit risk and legal risk. These risks are not included in the following analyses.

Our invested assets are primarily held as cash and cash equivalents, which are subject to various market risk exposures such as interest rate risk. The fair value of our portfolio of cash and cash equivalents at March 31, 2013 approximated its carrying value due to its short-term duration. We estimated market risk as the potential decrease in fair value resulting from a hypothetical one percentage point increase in interest rates for the instruments contained in the cash and cash equivalents investment portfolio. The resulting fair values were not materially different from the carrying values at March 31, 2013.

At March 31, 2013, we had $725.0 million of borrowings outstanding under our various note purchase agreements. The aggregate estimated fair value of these borrowings at March 31, 2013 was $813.0 million due to their long-term duration and fixed interest rates associated with these debt obligations. No active or observable market exists for our private placement long-term debt. Therefore, the estimated fair value of this debt is based on discounted future cash flows using current interest rates available for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. To estimate an all-in interest rate for discounting, we obtained market quotes for notes with the same terms as ours, which we have deemed to be the closest approximation of current market rates. We have not adjusted this rate for risk profile changes, covenant issues or credit rating changes. We estimated market risk as the potential impact on the value of the debt recorded in our consolidated balance sheet resulting from a hypothetical one percentage point decrease in our weighted average borrowing rate at March 31, 2013 and the resulting fair values would have been $31.6 million higher than their carrying value (or $756.6 million).

 

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As of March 31, 2013, we had $50.0 million of borrowings outstanding under our Credit Agreement. The fair values of these borrowings approximated their carrying value due to their short-term duration and variable interest rates. Market risk is estimated as the potential increase in fair value resulting from a hypothetical one percentage point decrease in our weighted average short-term borrowing rate at March 31, 2013, and the resulting fair values would not have been materially different from their carrying value.

We are subject to foreign currency exchange rate risk primarily from one of our larger U.K. based brokerage subsidiaries that incur expenses denominated primarily in British pounds while receiving a substantial portion of their revenues in U.S. dollars. In addition, we are subject to foreign currency exchange rate risk from our Australian, Canadian, Indian, Jamaican, Singaporean and various other Caribbean operations because we transact business in their local denominated currencies. Foreign currency gains (losses) related to this market risk are recorded in earnings before income taxes as transactions occur. Assuming a hypothetical adverse change of 10% in the average foreign currency exchange rate for three-month period ended March 31, 2013 (a weakening of the U.S. dollar), earnings before income taxes would have decreased by approximately $2.0 million. Assuming a hypothetical favorable change of 10% in the average foreign currency exchange rate for three-month period ended March 31, 2013 (a strengthening of the U.S. dollar), earnings before income taxes would have increased by approximately $2.1 million. We are also subject to foreign currency exchange rate risk associated with the translation of local currencies of our foreign subsidiaries into U.S. dollars. However, it is management’s opinion that this foreign currency exchange risk is not material to our consolidated operating results or financial position. We manage the balance sheets of our foreign subsidiaries, where practical, such that foreign liabilities are matched with equal foreign assets, maintaining a “balanced book” which minimizes the effects of currency fluctuations. Historically, we have not entered into derivatives or other similar financial instruments for trading or speculative purposes. However, with respect to managing foreign currency exchange rate risk in the U.K., we have periodically purchased financial instruments when market opportunities arose to minimize our exposure to this risk. During the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, we had several monthly put/call options in place with an external financial institution that are designed to hedge a significant portion of our future U.K. currency revenues (in 2013) and disbursements (in 2012) through various future payment dates. In addition, during the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, we had several monthly put/call options in place with an external financial institution that are designed to hedge a significant portion of our Indian currency disbursements through various future payment dates. These hedging strategies are designed to protect us against significant U.K. and India currency exchange rate movements, but we are still exposed to some foreign currency exchange rate risk for the portion of the payments and currency exchange rate that are unhedged. The impact of these hedging strategies was not material to the First Quarter 2013 Financials. See Note 13 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for the changes in fair value of these derivative instruments reflected in comprehensive earnings for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, and Note 15 to the 2012 Financials for the changes in fair value of these derivative instruments reflected in comprehensive earnings in 2012, 2011 and 2010.

 

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BUSINESS

Overview

We are engaged in providing insurance brokerage and third-party claims settlement and administration services to entities in the United States and abroad. We believe that our major strength is our ability to deliver comprehensively structured insurance and risk management services to our clients. Our brokers, agents and administrators act as intermediaries between insurers and their customers and we do not assume underwriting risks.

Since our founding in 1927, we have grown from a one-man agency to the world’s fourth largest insurance broker based on revenues, according to Business Insurance magazine’s July 16, 2012 edition, and the world’s largest property/casualty third-party claims administrator, according to Business Insurance magazine’s August 13, 2012 edition. We generate approximately 80% of our revenues domestically, with the remaining 20% derived primarily from operations in Australia, Bermuda, Canada, the Caribbean, New Zealand and the United Kingdom (U.K.).

Shares of our common stock are traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol AJG, and we had a market capitalization at March 31, 2013 of approximately $5.2 billion. Information in this section is as of December 31, 2012 unless otherwise noted. We were reincorporated as a Delaware corporation in 1972. Our executive offices are located at Two Pierce Place, Itasca, Illinois 60143-3141, and our telephone number is (630) 773-3800.

We have three reporting segments: brokerage, risk management and corporate, which contributed approximately 73%, 22% and 5%, respectively, to 2012 revenues, and 67%, 23 % and 10%, respectively, to revenues during the first quarter of 2013.

Operating Segments

We report our results in three segments: brokerage, risk management and corporate. The major sources of our operating revenues are commissions, fees and supplemental and contingent commissions from brokerage operations and fees from risk management operations. Information with respect to all sources of revenue, by segment, for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012, is as follows (in millions):

 

     2012     2011     2010  
     Amount      % of
Total
    Amount      % of
Total
    Amount      % of
Total
 

Brokerage

               

Commissions

   $ 1,302.5         52   $ 1,127.4         53   $ 957.3         51

Fees

     403.2         16     324.1         15     274.9         15

Supplemental commissions

     67.9         3     56.0         3     60.8         3

Contingent commissions

     42.9         2     38.1         2     36.8         2

Investment income and other

     11.1         —       10.9         —       10.8         1
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
     1,827.6         73     1,556.5         73     1,340.6         72
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Risk Management

               

Fees

     568.5         22     546.1         26     460.1         25

Investment income

     3.2         —       2.7         —       2.0         —  
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 
     571.7         22     548.8         26     462.1         25
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Corporate

               

Clean energy and other investment income

     121.0         5     29.4         1     61.5         3
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 2,520.3         100   $ 2,134.7         100   $ 1,864.2         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Note 14 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials and Note 17 to the 2012 Financials for additional financial information, including earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and identifiable assets by segment for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and the years ended December 31, 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

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Our business, particularly our brokerage business, is subject to seasonal fluctuations. Commission and fee revenues, and the related brokerage and marketing expenses, can vary from quarter to quarter as a result of the timing of policy inception dates and the timing of receipt of information from insurance carriers. On the other the hand, salaries and employee benefits, rent, depreciation and amortization expenses generally tend to be more uniform throughout the year. The timing of acquisitions and recognition of investment gains and losses also impact the trends in our quarterly operating results. See Note 16 to the 2012 Financials for unaudited quarterly operating results for 2012 and 2011.

Brokerage Segment

The brokerage segment accounted for 73% of our revenues in 2012 and 67% of our revenues for the first quarter of 2013. Our brokerage segment is primarily comprised of retail and wholesale insurance brokerage operations. Our retail brokerage operations negotiate and place property/casualty, employer-provided health and welfare insurance, and healthcare exchange and retirement solutions principally for middle-market commercial, industrial, public entity, religious and not-for-profit entities. Many of our retail brokerage customers choose to place their insurance with insurance underwriters, while others choose to use alternative vehicles such as self-insurance pools, risk retention groups or captive insurance companies. Our wholesale brokerage operations assist our brokers and other unaffiliated brokers and agents in the placement of specialized, unique and hard-to-place insurance programs.

Our primary sources of compensation for our retail brokerage services are commissions paid by insurance carriers, which are usually based upon either a percentage of the premium paid by insureds or brokerage and advisory fees paid directly by our clients. For wholesale brokerage services, we generally receive a share of the commission paid to the retail broker by the insurer. Commission rates depend on a number of factors, including the type of insurance, the particular insurance company underwriting the policy and whether we act as a retail or wholesale broker. Advisory fees paid to us by our clients depend on the extent and value of the services we provide. In addition, under certain circumstances, we receive supplemental and contingent commissions for both retail and wholesale brokerage services. A supplemental commission is a commission paid by an insurance carrier that is above the base commission paid. The insurance carrier determines the supplemental commission that is eligible to be paid annually based on historical performance criteria in advance of the contractual period. A contingent commission is a commission paid by an insurance carrier based on the overall profit and/or the overall volume of business placed with that insurance carrier during a particular calendar year and is determined after the contractual period.

We operate our brokerage operations through a network of approximately 350 sales and service offices located throughout the United States and in 18 other countries. Most of these offices are fully staffed with sales and service personnel. In addition, we offer client-service capabilities in more than 140 countries around the world through a network of correspondent brokers and consultants.

Retail Insurance Brokerage Operations

Our retail insurance brokerage operations accounted for 76% of our brokerage segment revenues in 2012. Our retail brokerage operations place nearly all lines of commercial property/casualty and health and welfare insurance coverage. Significant lines of insurance coverage and consultant capabilities are as follows:

 

401(k) Solutions    Dental    Fire    Products Liability
403(b) Solutions    Directors & Officers Liability    General Liability    Professional Liability
Aviation    Disability    Life    Property
Casualty    Earthquake    Marine    Wind
Commercial Auto    Errors & Omissions    Medical    Workers Compensation

 

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Our retail brokerage operations are organized in more than 300 geographical profit centers primarily located in the United States, Australia, Canada and U.K. and operate within certain key niche/practice groups, which account for approximately 61% of our retail brokerage revenues. These specialized teams target areas of business and/or industries in which we have developed a depth of expertise and a large client base. Significant niche/practice groups we serve are as follows:

 

Agribusiness    Executive Benefits    International Benefits    Religious/Not-for-Profit
Automotive    Global Risks    Marine    Restaurant
Aviation & Aerospace    Health and Welfare    Manufacturing    Retirement
Captive Consulting    Healthcare    Personal    Scholastic
Construction    Healthcare Analytics    Private Equity    Technology/Telecom
Energy    Higher Education    Professional Groups    Transportation
Entertainment    Hospitality    Public Entity    Voluntary Benefits
Environmental    Human Resources    Real Estate   

Our specialized focus on these niche/practice groups allows for highly-focused marketing efforts and facilitates the development of value-added products and services specific to those industries or business segments. We believe that our detailed understanding and broad client contacts within these niche/practice groups provide us with a competitive advantage.

We anticipate that our retail brokerage operations’ greatest revenue growth over the next several years will continue to come from:

 

   

Mergers and acquisitions;

 

   

Our niche/practice groups and middle-market accounts;

 

   

Cross-selling other brokerage products to existing customers; and

 

   

Developing and managing alternative market mechanisms such as captives, rent-a-captives and deductible plans/self-insurance.

Wholesale Insurance Brokerage Operations

Our wholesale insurance brokerage operations accounted for 24% of our brokerage segment revenues in 2012. Our wholesale brokers assist our retail brokers and other non-affiliated brokers in the placement of specialized and hard-to-place insurance. These brokers operate through more than 65 geographical profit centers located across the United States, Bermuda and through our approved Lloyd’s of London brokerage operation. In certain cases, we act as a brokerage wholesaler and, in other cases, we act as a managing general agent or managing general underwriter distributing specialized insurance coverages for insurance carriers. Managing general agents and managing general underwriters are agents authorized by an insurance company to manage all or a part of the insurer’s business in a specific geographic territory. Activities they perform on behalf of the insurer may include marketing, underwriting (although we do not assume any underwriting risk), issuing policies, collecting premiums, appointing and supervising other agents, paying claims and negotiating reinsurance.

More than 75% of our wholesale brokerage revenues come from non-affiliated brokerage customers. Based on revenues, our domestic wholesale brokerage operation ranked as the largest domestic managing general agent/underwriting manager according to Business Insurance magazine’s October 8, 2012 edition.

We anticipate growing our wholesale brokerage operations by increasing the number of broker-clients, developing new managing general agency and underwriter programs, and through mergers and acquisitions.

Risk Management Segment

Our risk management segment accounted for 22% of our revenues in 2012, and 23% of our revenues in the first quarter of 2013. Our risk management segment provides contract claim settlement and administration services for enterprises that choose to self-insure some or all of their property/casualty coverages and for insurance companies that choose to outsource some or all of their property/casualty claims departments. Approximately 68% of our risk management segment’s revenues are from workers compensation related claims, 27% are from general and commercial auto liability related claims and 5% are from property related claims. In addition, we generate revenues from integrated disability management (employee absence management) programs, information services, risk control consulting (loss control) services and appraisal services, either individually or in combination with arising claims. Revenues for risk management services are comprised of fees generally negotiated in advance on a per-claim or per-service basis, depending upon the type and estimated volume of the services to be performed.

 

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Risk management services are primarily marketed directly to Fortune 1000 companies, larger middle-market companies, not-for-profit organizations and public entities on an independent basis from our brokerage operations. We manage our third-party claims adjusting operations through a network of approximately 110 offices located throughout the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the U.K. Most of these offices are fully staffed with claims adjusters and other service personnel. Our adjusters and service personnel act solely on behalf and under the instruction of our clients and customers.

While this segment complements our insurance brokerage offerings, more than 88% of our risk management segment’s revenues come from non-affiliated brokerage customers, such as insurance companies and clients of other insurance brokers. Based on revenues, our risk management operation ranked as the world’s largest property/casualty third party claims administrator according to Business Insurance magazine’s August 13, 2012 edition.

We expect that the risk management segment’s most significant growth prospects through the next several years will come from increased levels of business with Fortune 1000 companies, larger middle-market companies, captives, program business and the outsourcing of insurance company claims departments. In addition, the risk management segment may grow in the future through mergers and acquisitions.

Corporate Segment

The corporate segment accounted for 5% of our revenues in 2012, and 10% of our revenues for the first quarter of 2013. The corporate segment reports the financial information related to our debt, clean energy investments, external acquisition-related expenses and other corporate costs. The revenues reported by this segment in 2012 resulted primarily from our consolidation of refined fuel operations that we control and own more than 50% of and from leased facilities we operate and control. At December 31, 2012, significant investments managed by this segment include:

Clean Coal Related Ventures

We have a 46.54% interest in a privately-held enterprise (Chem-Mod LLC) that has commercialized multi-pollutant reduction technologies to reduce mercury, sulfur dioxide and other emissions at coal-fired power plants. We also have an 8.0% interest in a privately-held start-up enterprise (C-Quest Technology LLC), which owns technologies that reduce carbon dioxide emissions created by burning fossil fuels.

Tax-Advantaged Investments

Prior to January 1, 2008, we owned certain partnerships formed to develop energy that qualified for tax credits under the former IRC Section 29. These consisted of waste-to-energy and synthetic coal operations. These investments helped to substantially reduce our effective income tax rate from 2002 through 2007. The law that permitted us to claim IRC Section 29 tax credits expired on December 31, 2007. In 2009 and 2011, we built a total of 29 commercial clean coal production plants to produce refined coal using Chem-Mod’s proprietary technologies. We believe these operations produce refined coal that will qualify for tax credits under IRC Section 45. The law that provides for IRC Section 45 tax credits substantially expires in December 2019 for the fourteen plants we built and placed in service in 2009 (2009 Era Plants) and in December 2021 for the fifteen plants we built and placed in service in 2011 (2011 Era Plants).

 

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International Operations

Our total revenues by geographic area for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012 were as follows (in millions):

 

     2012     2011     2010  
     Amount      % of
Total
    Amount      % of
Total
    Amount      % of
Total
 

United States

   $ 2,006.1         80   $ 1,725.1         81   $ 1,613.5         87

United Kingdom

     352.3         14     260.5         12     148.8         8

Other foreign, principally Australia, Bermuda and Canada

     161.9         6     149.1         7     101.9         5
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total revenues

   $ 2,520.3         100   $ 2,134.7         100   $ 1,864.2         100
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

See Notes 4 and 14 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for additional financials information related to our foreign operations including goodwill allocation, and identifiable assets, be segment, for the three months ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. See Notes 5, 14 and 17 to the 2012 Financials for additional financial information related to our foreign operations, including goodwill allocation, earnings from continuing operations before income taxes and identifiable assets, by segment, for 2012, 2011 and 2010.

Brokerage Operations in Australia, Bermuda, Canada and the U.K.

The majority of our international brokerage operations are in Australia, Bermuda, Canada and the U.K.

We operate in Australia and Canada primarily as a retail commercial property and casualty broker. In the U.K., we also have a retail brokerage and underwriting operation for clients to access the Lloyd’s of London and other international insurance markets, and a program operation offering customized risk management products and services to U.K. public entities. In Bermuda, we act principally as a wholesaler for clients looking to access the Bermuda insurance markets and also provide services relating to the formation and management of offshore captive insurance companies.

We also have ownership interests in two Bermuda-based insurance companies and a Guernsey-based insurance company that operate segregated account “rent-a-captive” facilities. These facilities enable clients to receive the benefits of owning a captive insurance company without incurring certain disadvantages of ownership. Captive insurance companies are created for clients to insure their risks and capture underwriting profit and investment income, which is then available for use by the insureds generally for reducing future costs of their insurance programs.

We also have strategic brokerage alliances with a variety of international brokers in countries where we do not have a local office presence. Through a network of correspondent insurance brokers and consultants in more than 140 countries, we are able to fully serve our clients’ coverage and service needs in virtually any geographic area.

Risk Management Operations in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the U.K.

Our international risk management operations are principally in Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the U.K. Services are similar to those provided in the United States and are provided primarily on behalf of commercial and public entity clients.

Markets and Marketing

We manage our brokerage operations through a network of approximately 350 sales and service offices located throughout the United States and in 18 other countries. We manage our third-party claims adjusting operations through a network of approximately 110 offices located throughout the United States, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the U.K. Our customer base is highly diversified and includes commercial, industrial, public entity, religious and not-for-profit entities. No material part of our business depends upon a single customer or on a few customers. The loss of any one customer would not have a material adverse effect on our operations. In 2012, our largest single customer accounted for approximately 2% of total revenues and our ten largest customers represented 5% of total revenues in the aggregate. Our revenues are geographically diversified, with both domestic and international operations.

Each of our retail and wholesale brokerage operations has a small market-share position and, as a result, we believe has substantial organic growth potential. In addition, each of our retail and wholesale brokerage operations has the ability to grow through the acquisition of small- to medium-sized independent brokerages. See “Business Combinations” below.

 

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While historically we have generally grown our risk management segment organically, and we expect to continue to do so, from time to time we consider acquisitions for this segment.

We require our employees serving in sales or marketing capacities, including all of our executive officers, to enter into agreements with us restricting disclosure of confidential information and solicitation of our clients and prospects upon their termination of employment. The confidentiality and non-solicitation provisions of such agreements terminate in the event of a hostile change in control, as defined in the agreements.

Competition

Brokerage Segment

According to Business Insurance magazine’s July 16, 2012 edition, we were the fourth largest insurance broker worldwide based on total revenues. The insurance brokerage and service business is highly competitive and there are many insurance brokerage and service organizations and individuals throughout the world who actively compete with us in every area of our business.

Our retail and wholesale brokerage operations compete with Aon plc, Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc. and Willis Group Holdings, Ltd., each of which has greater worldwide revenues than us. In addition, various other competing firms, such as Wells Fargo Insurance Services, Inc., Brown & Brown Inc., Hub International Ltd., Lockton Companies, Inc. and USI Holdings Corporation, operate nationally or are strong in a particular region or locality and may have, in that region or locality, an office with revenues as large as or larger than those of our corresponding local office. We believe that the primary factors determining our competitive position with other organizations in our industry are the quality of the services we render and the overall costs to our clients. In addition, for health/welfare products and benefit consultant services, we compete with larger firms such as Aon Hewitt, Mercer (a subsidiary of Marsh & McLennan Companies, Inc.), Towers Watson & Co. and the benefits consulting divisions of the national public accounting firms, as well as a vast number of local and regional brokerages and agencies.

Our wholesale brokerage operations compete with large wholesalers such as CRC Insurance Services, Inc., RT Specialty, AmWINS Group, Inc., Swett & Crawford Group, Inc., as well as a vast number of local and regional wholesalers.

We also compete with certain insurance companies that write insurance directly for their customers. Government benefits relating to health, disability, and retirement are also alternatives to private insurance and indirectly compete with us.

Risk Management Segment

Our risk management operation currently ranks as the world’s largest property/casualty third party administrator based on revenues, according to Business Insurance magazine’s August 13, 2012 edition. While many global and regional claims administrators operate within this space, we compete directly with Sedgwick Claims Management Services, Inc., Broadspire Services, Inc. (a subsidiary of Crawford & Company) and ESIS (a subsidiary of ACE Limited). Several large insurance companies, such as AIG Insurance and Zurich Insurance, also maintain their own claims administration units, which can be strong competitors. In addition, we compete with various smaller third party administrators on a regional level. We believe that our competitive position is due to our strong reputation for outstanding service and our ability to resolve customers’ losses in the most cost-efficient manner possible.

Regulation

We are required to be licensed or receive regulatory approval in nearly every state and foreign jurisdiction in which we do business. In addition, most jurisdictions require that individuals who engage in brokerage, claim adjusting and certain other insurance service activities be personally licensed. These licensing laws and regulations vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction. In most jurisdictions, licensing laws and regulations generally grant broad discretion to supervisory authorities to adopt and amend regulations and to supervise regulated activities.

 

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Business Combinations

We completed and integrated 252 acquisitions from January 1, 2002 through March 31, 2013, almost exclusively within our brokerage segment. The majority of these acquisitions have been smaller regional or local property/casualty retail or wholesale operations with a strong middle-market client focus or significant expertise in one of our focus market areas. Over the last decade, we have also increased our acquisition activity in the retail employee benefits brokerage and wholesale brokerage areas. The total purchase price for individual acquisitions have typically ranged from $1 million to $50 million.

Through acquisitions, we seek to expand our talent pool, enhance our geographic presence and service capabilities, and/or broaden and further diversify our business mix. We also focus on identifying:

 

   

A corporate culture that matches our sales-oriented culture;

 

   

A profitable, growing business whose ability to compete would be enhanced by gaining access to our greater resources; and

 

   

Clearly defined financial criteria.

See Note 3 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for a summary of our first quarter 2013 acquisitions, the amount and form of the consideration paid and the dates of acquisitions, and Note 3 to our 2012 Financials for a summary of our 2012 acquisitions, the amount and form of the consideration paid and the dates of acquisition.

Employees

As of March 31, 2013, we had approximately 13,760 employees. We continuously review benefits and other matters of interest to our employees and consider our relations with our employees to be satisfactory.

PROPERTIES

The executive offices of our corporate segment and certain subsidiary and branch facilities of our brokerage and risk management segments are located at Two Pierce Place, Itasca, Illinois, where we lease approximately 306,000 square feet of space, or approximately 60% of the building. The lease commitment on this property expires on February 28, 2018.

Elsewhere, we generally operate in leased premises related to the facilities of our brokerage and risk management operations. We prefer to lease office space rather than own real estate. Certain of our office space leases have options permitting renewals for additional periods. In addition to minimum fixed rentals, a number of our leases contain annual escalation clauses generally related to increases in an inflation index. See Note 12 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for information with respect to our lease commitments as of March  31, 2013.

LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

As of March 31, 2013, we are not a party to any material pending legal proceedings, other than ordinary routine litigation incidental to our business.

MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Introduction

The following discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our unaudited interim financial statements for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, which we refer to as the First Quarter 2013 Financials, and our audited financial statements for each of the three years in the period ended December 31, 2012, which we refer to as the 2012 Financials, both of which are included in this prospectus. In addition, please see “Information Regarding Non-GAAP Measures and Other” below for a reconciliation of the non-GAAP measures for adjusted total revenues, organic commission, fee and supplemental commission revenues and adjusted EBITDAC to the comparable GAAP measures, as well as other important information regarding these measures.

 

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We are engaged in providing insurance brokerage and third-party property/casualty claims settlement and administration services to entities in the United States and abroad. Throughout 2012 and into 2013, we have expanded and expect to continue to expand our international operations through both acquisitions and organic growth. We generate approximately 80% of our revenues domestically, with the remaining 20% derived internationally, primarily in Australia, Bermuda, Canada, the Caribbean, New Zealand and the U.K. (based on first quarter 2013 reported revenues). We expect that our international revenue will continue to grow as a percentage of our total revenues in 2013 compared to 2012. We have three reportable segments: brokerage, risk management and corporate, which contributed approximately 73%, 22% and 5%, respectively, to 2012 revenues, and 67%, 23% and 10%, respectively, to revenues during the three-month period ended March 31, 2013. Our major sources of operating revenues are commissions, fees and supplemental and contingent commissions from brokerage operations and fees from risk management operations. Investment income is generated from our investment portfolio, which includes invested cash and fiduciary funds, as well as clean energy and other investments.

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations contains certain statements relating to future results which are forward-looking statements as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Please see “Cautionary Statement Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” beginning on page 2 of this prospectus, for certain cautionary information regarding forward-looking statements and a list of factors that could cause our actual results to differ materially from those predicted in the forward-looking statements.

Information Regarding Non-GAAP Measures and Other

In the discussion and analysis of our results of operations, that follows, in addition to reporting financial results in accordance with GAAP, we provide information regarding EBITDAC, EBITDAC margin, adjusted EBITDAC, adjusted EBITDAC margin, diluted net earnings per share (as adjusted) for the brokerage and risk management segments, adjusted revenues, adjusted compensation and operating expenses, adjusted compensation expense ratio, adjusted operating expense ratio and organic revenue measures for each operating segment. These measures are not in accordance with, or an alternative to, the GAAP information provided in this prospectus. We believe that these presentations provide useful information to management, analysts and investors regarding financial and business trends relating to our results of operations and financial condition. Our industry peers provide similar supplemental non-GAAP information related to organic revenues and EBITDAC, although they may not use the same or comparable terminology and may not make identical adjustments. The non-GAAP information we provide should be used in addition to, but not as a substitute for, the GAAP information provided. Certain reclassifications have been made to the prior-year amounts reported in this prospectus in order to conform them to the current-year presentation.

Adjusted presentation - We believe that the adjusted presentations of the 2013 and 2012 information presented on the following pages, provides stockholders and other interested persons with useful information regarding certain of our financial metrics that will assist such persons in analyzing our operating results as they develop a future earnings outlook for us. The after-tax amounts related to the adjustments were computed using the normalized effective tax rate for each respective period.

 

   

Adjusted revenues and expenses - We define these measures as revenues, compensation expense and operating expense, respectively, each adjusted to exclude net gains realized from sales of books of business, Heath Lambert integration costs, New Zealand earthquake claims administration, South Australia ramp up fees/costs, workforce related charges, lease termination related charges, acquisition related adjustments and the impact of foreign currency translation, as applicable. Integration costs include costs related to transactions not expected to occur on an ongoing basis in the future once we fully assimilate the applicable acquisition. These costs are typically associated with redundant workforce, extra lease space, duplicate services and external costs incurred to assimilate the acquisition on to our IT related systems.

 

   

Adjusted ratios - Adjusted compensation expense ratio and operating expense ratio are defined as adjusted compensation expense and adjusted operating expense, respectively, each divided by adjusted revenues.

 

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Earnings Measures - We believe that the presentation of EBITDAC, EBITDAC margin, adjusted EBITDAC, adjusted EBITDAC margin, adjusted EBITDAC margin excluding Heath Lambert, EBITAC and diluted net earnings per share (as adjusted) for the brokerage and risk management segment, as defined below, provides a meaningful representation of our operating performance. We consider EBITDAC and EBITDAC margin as a way to measure financial performance on an ongoing basis. Adjusted EBITDAC, adjusted EBITDAC margin, adjusted EBITDAC margin excluding Heath Lambert and diluted net earnings per share (as adjusted) for the brokerage and risk management segments are presented to improve the comparability of our results between periods by eliminating the impact of items that have a high degree of variability.

 

   

EBITDAC - We define this measure as net earnings before interest, income taxes, depreciation, amortization and the change in estimated acquisition earnout payables.

 

   

EBITDAC margin - We define this measure as EBITDAC divided by total revenues.

 

   

Adjusted EBITDAC - We define this measure as EBITDAC adjusted to exclude gains realized from sales of books of business, Heath Lambert integration costs, earnout related compensation charges, workforce related charges, lease termination related charges, New Zealand earthquake claims administration, South Australia ramp up fees/costs, acquisition related adjustments, and the period-over-period impact of foreign currency translation, as applicable.

 

   

Adjusted EBITDAC margin - We define this measure as adjusted EBITDAC divided by total adjusted revenues, (defined above).

 

   

Adjusted EBITDAC margin excluding Heath Lambert - We define this measure as adjusted EBITDAC further adjusted to exclude the EBITDAC associated with the acquired Heath Lambert operations divided by total adjusted revenues (defined above).

 

   

EBITAC - We define this measure as earnings from continuing operations for our brokerage and risk management segments before interest, taxes, amortization and change in estimated acquisition earnout payables. EBITAC is a non-GAAP measure of earnings used by the Compensation Committee solely in the context of determining incentive compensation awards. The Compensation Committee believes this measure provides a meaningful representation of our operating performance and improves the comparability of Gallagher’s results between periods by eliminating the impact of certain items that have a high degree of variability. The most directly comparable GAAP measure is earnings from continuing operations, which was $195.0 million, $144.1 million and $163.3 million on a consolidated basis in 2012, 2011 and 2010, respectively.

 

   

Diluted earnings from continuing operations per share (as adjusted) - We define this measure as net earnings adjusted to exclude the after-tax impact of gains realized from sales of books of business, Heath Lambert integration costs, New Zealand earthquake claims administration, South Australia ramp up fees/costs, the impact of foreign currency translation, workforce related charges, lease termination related charges, acquisition related adjustments, adjustments to the change in estimated acquisition earnout payables and effective income tax rate impact, divided by diluted weighted average shares outstanding.

Organic Revenues - Organic revenues, which we also refer to as Organic Change, in base commission and fee revenues excludes the first twelve months of net commission and fee revenues generated from acquisitions accounted for as purchases and the net commission and fee revenues related to operations disposed of in each year presented. These commissions and fees are excluded from organic revenues in order to help interested persons analyze the revenue growth associated with the operations that were a part of our business in both the current and prior year. In addition, change in organic revenues excludes the impact of supplemental and contingent commission revenues and the period-over-period impact of foreign currency translation and disposed of operations. The amounts excluded with respect to foreign currency translation are calculated by applying current year foreign exchange rates to the same prior year periods. For the risk management segment, organic change in fees excludes South Australia ramp up fees, New Zealand earthquake claims administration and the period-over-period impact of foreign currency translation to improve the comparability of our results between periods by eliminating the impact of the items that have a high degree of variability or are due to the limited-time nature of these revenue sources.

These revenue items are excluded from organic revenues in order to determine a comparable measurement of revenue growth that is associated with the revenue sources that are expected to continue in 2013 and beyond. We have historically viewed organic revenue growth as an important indicator when assessing and evaluating the performance of our brokerage and risk management segments. We also believe that using this measure allows readers of our financial statements to measure, analyze and compare the growth from our brokerage and risk management segments in a meaningful and consistent manner.

 

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Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Information Presented to GAAP Measures - This prospectus includes tabular reconciliations to the most comparable GAAP measures for adjusted revenues, adjusted compensation expense and adjusted operating expense, EBITDAC, EBITDAC margin, adjusted EBITDAC, adjusted EBITDAC margin, adjusted EBITDAC margin excluding Heath Lambert, diluted net earnings per share (as adjusted) and organic revenue measures.

Other Information

Allocations of investment income and certain expenses are based on reasonable assumptions and estimates primarily using revenue, headcount and other information. We allocate the provision for income taxes to the brokerage and risk management segments as if those segments were computing income tax provisions on a separate company basis. As a result, the provision for income taxes for the corporate segment reflects the entire benefit to us of the IRC Section 45 credits generated, because that is the segment which produced the credits. The law that provides for IRC Section 45 tax credits substantially expires in December 2019 for our fourteen 2009 Era Plants and in December 2021 for our fifteen 2011 Era Plants. We anticipate reporting an effective tax rate of approximately 37.0% to 39.0% in both our brokerage segment and our risk management segment for the foreseeable future. Reported operating results by segment would change if different allocation methods were applied.

In the discussion that follows regarding our results of operations, we also provide the following ratios with respect to our operating results: pretax profit margin, compensation expense ratio and operating expense ratio. Pretax profit margin represents pretax earnings from continuing operations divided by total revenues. The compensation expense ratio is compensation expense divided by total revenues. The operating expense ratio is operating expense divided by total revenues.

Overview and Financial Highlights

First Quarter 2013

We have generated positive organic growth in the last nine quarterly periods in both the brokerage and risk management segments. Based on our experience with customers, we believe we are seeing further evidence of market firming and our customers are being cautiously optimistic about their business prospects. The first quarter 2013 Council of Insurance Agents and Brokers (which we refer to as CIAB) survey indicated that rates were up, on average 5.2% across all sized accounts. Rates are continuing to rise as insurance carriers tighten their underwriting standards and press for higher pricing and deductibles on renewals. In addition insurance carriers are reducing their exposure to riskier business, which means more business is moving into the alternative markets. The survey also reflected an on-going “Superstorm Sandy” effect with tighter underwriting on property risks with CAT exposure on the eastern coast of the United States. The CIAB represents the leading domestic and international insurance brokers, who write approximately 80% of the commercial property/casualty premiums in the United States.

Our operating results improved in first quarter 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 in both our brokerage and risk management segments:

 

   

In our brokerage segment, total revenues and adjusted total revenues were 18% and 19%, respectively, base organic commission and fee revenues were up 4.8%, net earnings were up 39%, adjusted EBITDAC was up 28% and adjusted EBITDAC margins were up 130 basis points. In addition, we completed four acquisitions with annualized revenues totaling $5.0 million in first quarter 2013.

 

   

In our risk management segment, total revenues and adjusted total revenues were up 9% and 11%, respectively, organic fees were up 10.8%, net earnings were up 19%, adjusted EBITDAC was up 13% and adjusted EBITDAC margins improved by 30 basis points.

 

   

In our combined brokerage and risk management segments, total revenues and adjusted total revenues were up 15% and 16%, respectively, base organic commissions and fee revenues were up 6.0%, net earnings were up 31%, adjusted EBITDAC was up 24% and improved adjusted EBITDAC margins by 107 basis points.

In our corporate segment we made steady progress in rolling-out our clean energy investments during 2012 and we now have most of our plants in various stages of ramping up production. Our clean energy investments contributed $13.2 million to net earnings in the first quarter of 2013. We anticipate clean energy investments to generate between $70.0 million and $80.0 million for all of 2013. These additional earnings will be used to continue our mergers and acquisition strategy in our core brokerage and risk management operations.

 

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The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 revenues, EBITDAC and diluted net earnings (loss) per share with the same period in 2012:

 

For the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31,                                          Diluted Net Earnings  
     Revenues     EBITDAC     (Loss) Per Share  

Segment

   2013      2012      Chg     2013     2012     Chg     2013     2012     Chg  
     (in millions)            (in millions)                          

Brokerage, as adjusted

   $ 454.0       $ 383.0         19   $ 82.9      $ 64.9        28   $ 0.22      $ 0.18        22

Net gains on book sales

     0.4         0.7           0.4        0.7          —          —       

Heath Lambert integration costs

     —           —             (3.0     (4.0       (0.02     (0.02  

Workforce & lease termination

     —           —             —          (2.8       —          (0.01  

Acquisition related adjustments

     —           —             —          —            (0.01     —       

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —           1.6           —          (0.6       —          —       
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Brokerage, as reported

     454.4         385.3           80.3        58.2          0.19        0.15     
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Risk Management, as adjusted

     152.1         137.5         11     25.2        22.4        13     0.10        0.09        11

New Zealand earthquake claims administration

     0.1         3.8           —          1.2          —          0.01     

South Australia ramp up

     1.4         —             1.3        —            0.01        —       
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Risk Management, as reported

     153.6         141.3           26.5        23.6          0.11        0.10     
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Brokerage & Risk Management, as reported

     608.0         526.6           106.8        81.8          0.30        0.25     

Corporate, as reported

     66.1         20.2           (8.5     (5.4       0.02        (0.01  
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Company, as reported

   $ 674.1       $ 546.8         $ 98.3      $ 76.4        $ 0.32      $ 0.24     
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Total Brokerage & Risk Management, as adjusted

   $ 606.1       $ 520.5         16   $ 108.1      $ 87.3        24   $ 0.32      $ 0.27        19
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

   

Fiscal Year Ended December 31, 2012

Even though we generated positive organic growth in the year ended December 31, 2012 in both our brokerage and risk management segments, the uncertain economic environment continued to provide headwinds for our business in 2012. In first quarter 2012, surveys by the CIAB indicated that commercial property/casualty rates were up, on average 4.4% across all sized accounts. The second quarter report indicated that rates were up, on average 4.3% across all sized accounts. The third quarter report indicated that rates were up, on average 3.9% across all sized accounts. The fourth quarter report indicated that rates were up, on average 5.0% across all sized accounts. The CIAB survey did not reveal any significant new emerging trends, but did note that rates appear to be continuing the trend upward. Although competition is still stiff in the marketplace, the fourth quarter survey indicated that property/casualty insurance carriers appear to be tightening their underwriting standards, particularly on accounts with poor loss experience. The survey also indicated that there is some upward rate pressure on workers’ compensation and property lines of business. However, the demand for insurance continues to be restrained due to the sluggish economy, which could offset the impact of the favorable pricing trend noted in the fourth quarter survey. The CIAB represents the leading domestic and international insurance brokers, who write approximately 80% of the commercial property/casualty premiums in the United States.

Our operating results improved in 2012 compared to 2011 in both our brokerage and risk management segments:

 

   

In our brokerage segment, total revenues and adjusted total revenues were up 17% and 18%, respectively, base organic commission and fee revenues were up 4.4%, earnings from continuing operations were up 11%, adjusted EBITDAC was up 22% and adjusted EBITDAC margins were up 70 basis points. In addition, we completed 58 acquisitions totaling $231.3 million of annualized revenues in 2012.

 

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In our risk management segment, total revenues and adjusted total revenues were up 4% and 7%, respectively, base organic fee revenues were up 3.7%, earnings from continuing operations were up 28% and adjusted EBITDAC was up 11%. We improved adjusted EBITDAC margins by 60 basis points and hit our targeted adjusted EBITDAC margin of 16% while making our planned client-centric investments.

 

   

In our combined brokerage and risk management segments, total revenues and adjusted total revenues were up 14% and 15%, respectively, base organic commission and fee revenues were up 4.2%, earnings from continuing operations were up 14%, adjusted EBITDAC was up 20% and improved adjusted EBITDAC margins by 90 basis points.

 

   

During the fourth quarter 2012, we took actions to contract our global workforce by approximately 3%, or 400 middle-office and back-office positions. These actions reflect our investments in productivity initiatives and improved technology utilization. Pretax charges totaled approximately $12.3 million and we expect related future annual workforce savings of approximately $35.0 million. Anticipated to mostly offset these future savings will be increased medical costs, reduced discount rate on our frozen pension plan, salary increases, increased performance-based compensation and increased long-term incentive compensation.

In our corporate segment, we made tremendous progress in rolling-out our clean energy investments during 2012 and we now have most of our plants in various stages of ramping up production. Our clean energy investments contributed $32.7 million to net earnings in 2012 and could be more than double that in 2013. These additional earnings will be used to continue our mergers and acquisition strategy in our core brokerage and risk management operations.

The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing 2012 revenues, EBITDAC and diluted net earnings (loss) per share with the same periods in 2011.

 

Year Ended December 31,                                          Diluted Net Earnings  
     Revenues     EBITDAC     (Loss) Per Share  

Segment

   2012      2011      Chg     2012     2011     Chg     2012     2011  
     (in millions)            (in millions)                    

Brokerage, as adjusted

   $ 1,823.7       $ 1,549.3         18   $ 414.7      $ 340.5        22   $ 1.43      $ 1.28   

Gains on book sales

     3.9         5.5           3.9        5.5          0.02        0.03   

Heath Lambert integration costs

     —           —             (19.3     (16.0       (0.10     (0.08

Workforce and lease termination

     —           —             (14.4     (2.6       (0.07     (0.01

Acquisition related adjustments

     —           —             —          (7.0       —          0.03   

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —           1.7           (1.6     0.4          (0.01     —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Brokerage, as reported

     1,827.6         1,556.5           383.3        320.8          1.27        1.25   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Risk Management, as adjusted

     563.1         527.0         7     90.3        81.4        11     0.36        0.35   

New Zealand earthquake claims administration

     8.6         21.8           1.5        6.1          0.01        0.03   

GAB Robins integration costs

     —           —             —          (13.0       —          (0.06

South Australia ramp up costs

     —           —             (2.1     —            (0.01     —     

Workforce and lease termination

     —           —             (2.7     (5.6       (0.01     (0.03
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Risk Management, as reported

     571.7         548.8           87.0        68.9          0.35        0.29   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Brokerage and Risk Management, as reported

     2,399.3         2,105.3           470.3        389.7          1.62        1.54   

Corporate, as reported

     121.0         29.4           (38.2     (32.1       (0.03     (0.26
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Company, as reported

   $ 2,520.3       $ 2,134.7         $ 432.1      $ 357.6        $ 1.59      $ 1.28   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Brokerage and Risk Management, as adjusted

   $ 2,386.8       $ 2,076.3         15   $ 505.0      $ 421.9        20   $ 1.79      $ 1.62   
  

 

 

    

 

 

      

 

 

   

 

 

     

 

 

   

 

 

 

We achieved these results by, among other things, demonstrating expense discipline and headcount control, continuing to pursue our acquisition strategy and generating organic growth in our core businesses. In 2012, we continued to expand our international operations through both acquisitions and organic growth. By the end of 2012, 20% of our revenues were generated internationally, compared with 19% in 2011. We expect this international revenue trend to continue in 2013.

 

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Insurance Market Overview

Fluctuations in premiums charged by property/casualty insurance carriers have a direct and potentially material impact on the insurance brokerage industry. Commission revenues are generally based on a percentage of the premiums paid by insureds and normally follow premium levels. Insurance premiums are cyclical in nature and may vary widely based on market conditions. Various factors, including competition for market share among insurance carriers, increased underwriting capacity and improved economies of scale following consolidations, can result in flat or reduced property/casualty premium rates (a “soft” market). A soft market tends to put downward pressure on commission revenues. Various countervailing factors, such as greater than anticipated loss experience and capital shortages, can result in increasing property/casualty premium rates (a “hard” market). A hard market tends to favorably impact commission revenues. Hard and soft markets may be broad-based or more narrowly focused across individual product lines or geographic areas.

As markets harden, certain insureds, who are the buyers of insurance (our brokerage clients), have historically resisted paying increased premiums and the higher commissions these premiums generate. Such resistance often causes some buyers to raise their deductibles and/or reduce the overall amount of insurance coverage they purchase. As the market softens, or costs decrease, these trends have historically reversed. During a hard market, buyers may switch to negotiated fee in lieu of commission arrangements to compensate us for placing their risks, or may consider the alternative insurance market, which includes self-insurance, captives, rent-a-captives, risk retention groups and capital market solutions to transfer risk. According to industry estimates, these mechanisms now account for 50% of the total U.S. commercial property/casualty market. Our brokerage units are very active in these markets as well. While increased use by insureds of these alternative markets historically has reduced commission revenue to us, such trends generally have been accompanied by new sales and renewal increases in the areas of risk management, claims management, captive insurance and self-insurance services and related growth in fee revenue.

Inflation tends to increase the levels of insured values and risk exposures, resulting in higher overall premiums and higher commissions. However, the impact of hard and soft market fluctuations has historically had a greater impact on changes in premium rates, and therefore on our revenues, than inflationary pressures.

Recent Events

In 2012, the insurance market began showing signs of “firming” (as opposed to traditional “hardening”) across many lines and geographic areas. In this environment, rates increased at a moderate pace, clients could still obtain coverage, businesses continued to stay in standard-line markets and there was adequate capacity in the insurance market. It is not clear whether this firming is sustainable given the uncertainty of the current economic environment. Despite the official end of the recession and recent signs of an economic recovery, the deterioration in the economy that began in the fall of 2008 continued to adversely impact us in 2012, and could continue to do so in future years as a result of potential reductions in the overall amount of insurance coverage that our clients may purchase due to reductions in, among other things, their headcount, payroll, properties and the market value of their assets. Such reductions could also adversely impact our commission revenues in future years if the property/casualty insurance carriers perform exposure audits that lead to subsequent downward premium adjustments. We record the income effects of subsequent premium adjustments when the adjustments become known and, as a result, any improvement in our results of operations and financial condition may lag an improvement in the economy.

In June 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of portions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and the Health Care and Education Affordability Reconciliation Act (which we refer to together as the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation). The 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation, among other things, increases the level of regulatory complexity for companies that offer health and welfare benefits to their employees. Many clients of our brokerage segment purchase health and welfare products for their employees and, therefore, are impacted by the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation. As a result, the potential exists for our employee benefits consultants to win new clients and generate additional revenue from existing clients by assisting them in navigating the increasingly complex regulations surrounding their benefits plans. In 2012, our employee benefits consulting operation generated approximately one quarter of the brokerage segment’s revenues. Although we believe that the 2010 Health Care Reform Legislation could be beneficial to our brokerage segment’s fee revenues, given the legislation’s broad scope and the uncertainties that exist regarding the interpretation and implementation of many of the legislation’s complex provisions, the potential impact of the legislation on us in the long run, beneficial or otherwise, is currently uncertain.

 

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Clean energy investments - In 2009 and 2011, we built a total of 29 commercial clean coal production plants to produce refined coal using Chem-Mod LLC’s (see below) proprietary technologies. We believe these operations produce refined coal that qualifies for tax credits under IRC Section 45. The law that provides for IRC Section 45 tax credits expires in December 2019 for the fourteen plants we built and placed in service in 2009 (2009 Era Plants) and in December 2021 for the fifteen plants we built and placed in service in 2011 (2011 Era Plants).

Nineteen plants are under long-term production contracts with several utilities. The remaining ten plants are in various stages of engineering, negotiating, finalizing and signing long-term production contracts. Several of the remaining ten plants could be in production starting in mid-2013 with the balance expected to be in production in 2014. Our current estimate of the 2013 annual after-tax earnings that could be generated from production at the plants that operate in 2013 is $75.0 million to $91.0 million. If we continue to have success in entering additional long-term production contracts, we could generate more after-tax earnings in 2014 and beyond.

We also own a 46.54% controlling interest in Chem-Mod LLC, which has been marketing The Chem-Mod™ Solution proprietary technologies principally to refined fuel plants that sell refined fuel to coal-fired power plants owned by utility companies, including those plants in which we hold interests. Based on current production estimates provided by licensees, Chem-Mod could generate for us approximately $3.6 million of net after-tax earnings per quarter.

All estimates set forth above regarding the future results of our clean energy investments are subject to significant risks, including those set forth in the risk factors regarding our IRC Section 45 investments included in the “Risk Factors” section of this prospectus.

Critical Accounting Policies

Our consolidated financial statements are prepared in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (which we refer to as GAAP), which require management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in our consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes. We believe the following significant accounting policies may involve a higher degree of judgment and complexity. See Note 1 to the 2012 Financials for other significant accounting policies.

Revenue Recognition - We recognize commission revenues at the later of the billing or the effective date of the related insurance policies, net of an allowance for estimated policy cancellations. We recognize commission revenues related to installment premiums as the installments are billed. We recognize supplemental commission revenues using internal data and information received from insurance carriers that allows us to reasonably estimate the supplemental commissions earned in the period. A supplemental commission is a commission paid by an insurance carrier that is above the base commission paid, is determined by the insurance carrier based on historical performance criteria and is established annually in advance of the contractual period. We recognize contingent commissions and commissions on premiums directly billed by insurance carriers as revenue when we have obtained the data necessary to reasonably determine such amounts. Typically, we cannot reasonably determine these types of commission revenues until we have received the cash or the related policy detail or other carrier specific information from the insurance carrier. A contingent commission is a commission paid by an insurance carrier based on the overall profit and/or volume of the business placed with that insurance carrier during a particular calendar year and is determined after the contractual period. Commissions on premiums billed directly by insurance carriers to the insureds generally relate to a large number of property/casualty insurance policy transactions, each with small premiums, and comprise a substantial portion of the revenues generated by our employee benefit brokerage operations. Under these direct bill arrangements, the insurance carrier controls the entire billing and policy issuance process. We record the income effects of subsequent premium adjustments when the adjustments become known. Fee revenues generated from the brokerage segment primarily relate to fees negotiated in lieu of commissions that we recognize in the same manner as commission revenues. Fee revenues generated from the risk management segment relate to third party claims administration, loss control and other risk management consulting services, that we provide over a period of time, typically one year. We recognize these fee revenues ratably as the services are rendered and record the income effects of subsequent fee adjustments when the adjustments become known.

 

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Premiums and fees receivable in our consolidated balance sheet are net of allowances for estimated policy cancellations and doubtful accounts. We establish the allowance for estimated policy cancellations through a charge to revenues and the allowance for doubtful accounts through a charge to other operating expenses. Both of these allowances are based on estimates and assumptions using historical data to project future experience. Such estimates and assumptions could change in the future as more information becomes known which could impact the amounts reported and disclosed herein. We periodically review the adequacy of these allowances and make adjustments as necessary.

Income Taxes - Our tax rate reflects the statutory tax rates applicable to our taxable earnings and tax planning in the various jurisdictions in which we operate. Significant judgment is required in determining the annual effective tax rate and in evaluating uncertain tax positions. We report a liability for unrecognized tax benefits resulting from uncertain tax positions taken or expected to be taken in our tax return. We evaluate our tax positions using a two-step process. The first step involves recognition. We determine whether it is more likely than not that a tax position will be sustained upon tax examination based solely on the technical merits of the position. The technical merits of a tax position are derived from both statutory and judicial authority (legislation and statutes, legislative intent, regulations, rulings and case law) and their applicability to the facts and circumstances of the position. If a tax position does not meet the “more likely than not” recognition threshold, we do not recognize the benefit of that position in the financial statements. The second step is measurement. A tax position that meets the “more likely than not” recognition threshold is measured to determine the amount of benefit to recognize in the financial statements. The tax position is measured as the largest amount of benefit that has a likelihood of greater than 50% of being realized upon ultimate resolution with a taxing authority.

Uncertain tax positions are measured based upon the facts and circumstances that exist at each reporting period and involve significant management judgment. Subsequent changes in judgment based upon new information may lead to changes in recognition, derecognition and measurement. Adjustments may result, for example, upon resolution of an issue with the taxing authorities, or expiration of a statute of limitations barring an assessment for an issue. We recognize interest and penalties, if any, related to unrecognized tax benefits in our provision for income taxes. See Note 14 to the 2012 Financials for a discussion regarding the possibility that our gross unrecognized tax benefits balance may change within the next twelve months.

Tax law requires certain items to be included in our tax returns at different times than such items are reflected in the financial statements. As a result, the annual tax expense reflected in our consolidated statements of earnings is different than that reported in the tax returns. Some of these differences are permanent, such as expenses that are not deductible in the returns, and some differences are temporary and reverse over time, such as depreciation expense and amortization expense deductible for income tax purposes. Temporary differences create deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax liabilities generally represent tax expense recognized in the financial statements for which a tax payment has been deferred, or expense which has been deducted in the tax return but has not yet been recognized in the financial statements. Deferred tax assets generally represent items that can be used as a tax deduction or credit in tax returns in future years for which a benefit has already been recorded in the financial statements.

We establish or adjust valuation allowances for deferred tax assets when we estimate that it is more likely than not that future taxable income will be insufficient to fully use a deduction or credit in a specific jurisdiction. In assessing the need for the recognition of a valuation allowance for deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some portion, or all, of the deferred tax assets will not be realized and adjust the valuation allowance accordingly. We evaluate all significant available positive and negative evidence as part of our analysis. Negative evidence includes the existence of losses in recent years. Positive evidence includes the forecast of future taxable income by jurisdiction, tax-planning strategies that would result in the realization of deferred tax assets and the presence of taxable income in prior carryback years. The underlying assumptions we use in forecasting future taxable income require significant judgment and take into account our recent performance. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets depends on the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which temporary differences are deductible or creditable.

Intangible Assets/Earnout Obligations - Intangible assets represent the excess of cost over the estimated fair value of net tangible assets of acquired businesses. Our primary intangible assets are classified as either goodwill, expiration lists, non-compete agreements or trade names. Expiration lists, non-compete agreements and trade names are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives (three to fifteen years for expiration lists, three to five years for non-compete agreements and ten to fifteen years for trade names), while goodwill is not subject to amortization. The establishment of goodwill, expiration lists, non-compete agreements and trade names and the determination of estimated useful lives are primarily based on valuations we receive from qualified independent appraisers. The calculations of these amounts are based on estimates and assumptions using historical and pro forma data and recognized valuation methods. Different estimates or assumptions could produce different results. We carry intangible assets at cost, less accumulated amortization in our consolidated balance sheet.

 

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We review all of our intangible assets for impairment at least annually and whenever events or changes in business circumstances indicate that the carrying value of the assets may not be recoverable. We perform these impairment reviews at the reporting unit level with respect to goodwill and at the business unit level for amortizable intangible assets. In reviewing intangible assets, if the fair value were less than the carrying amount of the respective (or underlying) asset, an indicator of impairment would exist and further analysis would be required to determine whether or not a loss would need to be charged against current period earnings. Based on the results of impairment reviews in 2012, 2011 and 2010, we wrote off $3.5 million, $4.6 million and $2.3 million, respectively, of amortizable intangible assets related to prior year acquisitions of our brokerage segment. The determinations of impairment indicators and fair value are based on estimates and assumptions related to the amount and timing of future cash flows and future interest rates. Different estimates or assumptions could produce different results.

Effective January 1, 2009, we adopted, on a prospective basis, revised guidance to account for our acquisitions, including the estimation and recognition of the fair value of liabilities related to potential earnout obligations as of the acquisition dates for all of our acquisitions from 2009 and into the future, whose purchase agreements contain such provisions. Subsequent changes in these estimated earnout obligations are recorded in our consolidated statement of earnings when incurred. Potential earnout obligations are typically based upon the estimated future operating results of the acquired businesses. For acquisitions made prior to January 1, 2009, we did not include such obligations in the purchase price recorded for each applicable acquisition at the acquisition date because such obligations are not fixed and determinable. We generally record future payments made under these 2008 and prior arrangements, if any, as additional goodwill when the earnouts are settled, which will have no impact on the amounts reported in our consolidated statement of earnings. See Note 3 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for additional discussion on our first quarter 2013 business combinations, and Note 3 to the 2012 Financials for additional discussion on our 2012 business combinations.

Business Combinations and Dispositions

See Note 3 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for additional discussion on our first quarter 2013 business combinations, and Note 3 to the 2012 Financials for additional discussion on our 2012 business combinations. We did not have any material dispositions in 2012, 2011 or 2010. Historically, we have used acquisitions to grow our brokerage segment’s commission and fee revenues. Acquisitions allow us to expand into desirable geographic locations and further extend our presence in the retail and wholesale insurance brokerage services industries. We expect that our brokerage segment’s commission and fee revenues will continue to grow from acquisitions. We intend to continue to consider from time to time, additional acquisitions for our brokerage and risk management segments on terms that we deem advantageous. At any particular time, we are generally engaged in discussions with multiple acquisition candidates. However, we can make no assurances that any additional acquisitions will be consummated, or, if consummated, that they will be advantageous to us.

Results of Operations

Financial Results - Three Months Ended March 31, 2013 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012

Brokerage Segment

The brokerage segment accounted for 67% of our revenues during the three month period ended March 31, 2013. Our brokerage segment is primarily comprised of retail and wholesale brokerage operations. Our retail brokerage operations negotiate and place property/casualty, employer provided health and welfare insurance and retirement solutions, principally for middle-market commercial, industrial, public entity, religious and not-for-profit entities. Many of our retail brokerage customers choose to place their insurance with insurance underwriters, while others choose to use alternative vehicles such as self-insurance pools, risk retention groups or captive insurance companies. Our wholesale brokerage operations assist our brokers and other unaffiliated brokers and agents in the placement of specialized, unique and hard to place insurance programs.

 

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Our primary sources of compensation for our retail brokerage services are commissions paid by insurance companies, which are usually based upon a percentage of the premium paid by insureds, and brokerage and advisory fees paid directly by our clients. For wholesale brokerage services, we generally receive a share of the commission paid to the retail broker from the insurer. Commission rates are dependent on a number of factors, including the type of insurance, the particular insurance company underwriting the policy and whether we act as a retail or wholesale broker. Advisory fees are dependent on the extent and value of services we provide. In addition, under certain circumstances, both retail brokerage and wholesale brokerage services receive supplemental and contingent commissions. A supplemental commission is a commission paid by an insurance carrier that is above the base commissions paid, is determined by the insurance carrier and is established annually in advance of the contractual period based on historical performance criteria. A contingent commission is a commission paid by an insurance carrier based on the overall profit and/or volume of the business placed with that insurance carrier during a particular calendar year and is determined after the contractual period.

 

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Financial information relating to our brokerage segment results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 as compared to the same period in 2012, is as follows: (in millions, except per share, percentages and workforce data):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  

Statement of Earnings

   2013     2012     Change  

Commissions

   $ 326.8      $ 272.0      $ 54.8   

Fees

     86.7        75.1        11.6   

Supplemental commissions

     17.3        17.1        0.2   

Contingent commissions

     22.5        19.0        3.5   

Investment income

     0.7        1.4        (0.7

Gains realized on books of business sales

     0.4        0.7        (0.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     454.4        385.3        69.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Compensation

     287.7        257.1        30.6   

Operating

     86.4        70.0        16.4   

Depreciation

     6.3        5.7        0.6   

Amortization

     29.0        20.5        8.5   

Change in estimated acquisition earnout payables

     4.4        2.5        1.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     413.8        355.8        58.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

     40.6        29.5        11.1   

Provision for income taxes

     16.0        11.8        4.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

   $ 24.6      $ 17.7      $ 6.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net earnings per share

   $ 0.19      $ 0.15      $ 0.04   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Information

      

Change in diluted net earnings per share

     27     (6 %)   

Growth in revenues

     18     21  

Organic change in commissions and fees

     5     3  

Compensation expense ratio

     63     67  

Operating expense ratio

     19     18  

Effective income tax rate

     39     40  

Workforce at end of period (includes acquisitions)

     8,966        7,987     

Identifiable assets at March 31

   $ 3,953.8      $ 3,445.5     

EBITDAC

      

Net earnings

   $ 24.6      $ 17.7      $ 6.9   

Provision for income taxes

     16.0        11.8        4.2   

Depreciation

     6.3        5.7        0.6   

Amortization

     29.0        20.5        8.5   

Change in estimated acquisition earnout payables

     4.4        2.5        1.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC

   $ 80.3      $ 58.2      $ 22.1   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC margin

     18     15  

EBITDAC growth

     38     15  

 

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The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 EBITDAC and adjusted EBITDAC to the same period in 2012 (in millions):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Total EBITDAC - see computation above

   $ 80.3      $ 58.2   

Net gains from books of business sales

     (0.4     (0.7

Heath Lambert integration costs

     3.0        4.0   

Workforce and lease termination related charges

     —          2.8   

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —          0.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC

   $ 82.9      $ 64.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC change

     27.7     26.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC margin

     18.3     17.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective May 12, 2011, we acquired HLG Holdings, Ltd. (which we refer to as Heath Lambert) for cash, net of cash received, of approximately $164.0 million. As of the acquisition date, we expected that it could take up to two years to fully integrate the Heath Lambert operations into our existing operations.

 

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Commissions and fees - The aggregate increase in commissions and fees for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012, was principally due to revenues associated with acquisitions that were made in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2013 ($51.5 million). Commissions and fees in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 included new business production and renewal rate increases of $56.1 million, which was partially offset by lost business of $41.2 million. Commissions increased 20% and fees increased 15% in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012. Organic growth in commissions and fee revenues for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 was 5% compared to 3% for the same period in 2012, principally due to net new business production and premium rate increases. Items excluded from organic revenue computations yet impacting revenue comparisons for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 include the following (in millions):

 

     2013 Organic Revenue     2012 Organic Revenue  

For the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31,

   2013     2012     2012     2011  

Base Commissions and Fees

        

Commission revenues as reported

   $ 326.8      $ 272.0      $ 272.0      $ 225.7   

Fee revenues as reported

     86.7        75.1        75.1        59.1   

Less commission and fee revenues from acquisitions

     (51.5     —          (56.0     —     

Less disposed of operations

     —          (0.3     —          (2.7

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —          (1.4     —          (0.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic base commission and fee revenues

   $ 362.0      $ 345.4      $ 291.1      $ 282.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic change in base commission and fee revenues

     4.8       3.2  
  

 

 

     

 

 

   

Supplemental Commissions

        

Supplemental commissions as reported

   $ 17.3      $ 17.1      $ 17.1      $ 13.5   

Less supplemental commissions from acquisitions

     (1.6     —          (2.7     —     

Less disposed of operations

     —          —          —          (0.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic supplemental commissions

   $ 15.7      $ 17.1      $ 14.4      $ 13.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic change in supplemental commissions

     (8.2 %)        9.1  
  

 

 

     

 

 

   

Contingent Commissions

        

Contingent commissions as reported

   $ 22.5      $ 19.0      $ 19.0      $ 16.8   

Less contingent commissions from acquisitions

     (3.5     —          (2.4     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic contingent commissions

   $ 19.0      $ 19.0      $ 16.6      $ 16.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic change in contingent commissions

     0.0       (1.2 %)   
  

 

 

     

 

 

   

Supplemental and contingent commissions - Reported supplemental and contingent commission revenues recognized in 2013, 2012 and 2011 by quarter are as follows (in millions):

 

     First
Quarter
     Second
Quarter
     Third
Quarter
     Fourth
Quarter
     Full Year  

2013

              

Reported supplemental commissions

   $ 17.3                $ 17.3   

Reported contingent commissions

     22.5                  22.5   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Reported supplemental and contingent commissions

   $ 39.8                $ 39.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

2012

              

Reported supplemental commissions

   $ 17.1       $ 16.6       $ 16.6       $ 17.6       $ 67.9   

Reported contingent commissions

     19.0         10.3         7.7         5.9         42.9   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Reported supplemental and contingent commissions

   $ 36.1       $ 26.9       $ 24.3       $ 23.5       $ 110.8   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

2011

              

Reported supplemental commissions

   $ 13.5       $ 14.0       $ 14.5       $ 14.0       $ 56.0   

Reported contingent commissions

     16.8         7.9         9.9         3.5         38.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Reported supplemental and contingent commissions

   $ 30.3       $ 21.9       $ 24.4       $ 17.5       $ 94.1   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Investment income and net gains realized on books of business sales - This primarily represents interest income earned on cash, cash equivalents and restricted funds and one-time gains related to sales of books of business, which were $0.4 million and $0.7 million, respectively, for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012. Investment income in the three month period ended March 31, 2013 decreased slightly compared to the same period in 2012.

Compensation expense - The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 compensation expense with the same period in 2012 (in millions):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Reported amounts

   $ 287.7      $ 257.1   

Heath Lambert integration costs

     (1.3     (2.8

Workforce related charges

     —          (2.8

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —          (1.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted amounts

   $ 286.4      $ 249.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted revenues - see page 31

   $ 454.0      $ 383.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted ratios

     63.1     65.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The increase in compensation expense for the three month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was primarily due to increased headcount, salary increases, one time compensation payments and increases in incentive compensation linked to our overall operating results ($27.6 million in the aggregate), increases in employee benefits ($5.2 million), stock compensation expense ($0.4 million) and temporary staffing ($0.2 million) offset by a decrease in severance related costs ($2.8 million). The increase in employee headcount primarily relates to employees associated with the acquisitions completed in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2013.

Operating expenses - The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 operating expense with the same period in 2012 (in millions):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Reported amounts

   $ 86.4      $ 70.0   

Heath Lambert integration costs

     (1.7     (1.2

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —          (0.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted amounts

   $ 84.7      $ 68.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted revenues - see page 31

   $ 454.0      $ 383.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted ratios

     18.7     17.8
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The increase in operating expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was primarily due to increases in professional fees ($4.1 million), office expense ($3.8 million), travel and entertainment expense ($3.4 million), net rent and utilities ($2.6 million), licenses and fees ($1.2 million), sales development expense ($0.6 million) ), business insurance ($0.5 million), other expense ($0.4 million) and lease termination related charges ($0.3 million), slightly offset by a favorable foreign currency translation ($0.4 million) and a decrease in bad debt expense ($0.2 million). Also contributing to the increase in operating expenses in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 were increased expenses associated with the acquisitions completed in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2013.

 

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Depreciation - Depreciation expense in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 increased slightly compared to the same periods in 2012 due to expenses associated with acquisitions completed in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2013.

Amortization - The increase in amortization expense in the three month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was due primarily to amortization expense of intangible assets associated with acquisitions completed in the completed in the twelve-month period ended March 31, 2013. Expiration lists, non-compete agreements and trade names are amortized using the straight-line method over their estimated useful lives (three to fifteen years for expiration lists, three to five years for non-compete agreements and ten years for trade names). Based on the results of impairment reviews during the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, we wrote off $1.8 million of amortizable intangible assets related to the brokerage segment. No indicators of impairment were noted in the three-month period ended March 31, 2012.

Change in estimated acquisition earnout payables - The increase in expense from the change in estimated acquisition earnout payables in the three month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012, was due primarily to adjustments made to the estimated fair value of earnout obligations related to revised projections of future performance. During each of the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, we recognized $2.9 million and $2.4 million, respectively, of expense related to the accretion of the discount recorded for earnout obligations related to our 2009 to 2013 acquisitions. In addition, during the three month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, we recognized $1.5 million and $0.1 million of expense, respectively, related to net adjustments in the estimated fair value of earnout obligations related to revised projections of future performance for seventeen and six acquisitions, respectively.

The amounts initially recorded as earnout payables for our 2009 to 2013 acquisitions are measured at fair value as of the acquisition date and are primarily based upon the estimated future operating results of the acquired entities over a two- to three-year period subsequent to the acquisition date. The fair value of these earnout obligations is based on the present value of the expected future payments to be made to the sellers of the acquired entities in accordance with the provisions outlined in the respective purchase agreements. In determining fair value, we estimated the acquired entity’s future performance using financial projections developed by management for the acquired entity and market participant assumptions that were derived for revenue growth and/or profitability. We estimated future earnout payments using the earnout formula and performance targets specified in each purchase agreement and these financial projections. Subsequent changes in the underlying financial projections or assumptions will cause the estimated earnout obligations to change and such adjustments are recorded in our consolidated statement of earnings when incurred. Increases in the earnout payable obligations will result in the recognition of expense and decreases in the earnout payable obligations will result in the recognition of income.

Provision for income taxes - The brokerage segment’s effective income tax rates for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 were 39.4% and 40.0%, respectively. We anticipate reporting an effective tax rate of approximately 37.0% to 39.0% in our brokerage segment for the foreseeable future.

Risk Management Segment

The risk management segment accounted for 23% of our revenue during the three-month period ended March 31, 2013. The risk management segment provides contract claim settlement and administration services for enterprises that choose to self-insure some or all of their property/casualty coverages and for insurance companies that choose to outsource some or all of their property/casualty claims departments. In addition, this segment generates revenues from integrated disability management programs, information services, risk control consulting (loss control) services and appraisal services, either individually or in combination with arising claims. Revenues for risk management services are substantially in the form of fees that are generally negotiated in advance on a per-claim or per-service basis, depending upon the type and estimated volume of the services to be performed.

 

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Financial information relating to our risk management segment results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 as compared to the same period in 2012, is as follows: (in millions, except per share, percentages and workforce data):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012     Change  

Statement of Earnings

      

Fees

   $ 153.0      $ 140.5      $ 12.5   

Investment income

     0.6        0.8        (0.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     153.6        141.3        12.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Compensation

     91.6        85.4        6.2   

Operating

     35.5        32.3        3.2   

Depreciation

     4.4        3.9        0.5   

Amortization

     0.6        0.6        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     132.1        122.2        9.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings before income taxes

     21.5        19.1        2.4   

Provision for income taxes

     7.6        7.4        0.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings

   $ 13.9      $ 11.7      $ 2.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net earnings per share

   $ 0.11      $ 0.10      $ 0.01   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other information

      

Change in diluted net earnings per share

     10     67  

Growth in revenues

     9     8  

Organic change in fees

     8     7  

Compensation expense ratio

     60     60  

Operating expense ratio

     23     23  

Effective income tax rate

     35     39  

Workforce at end of period (includes acquisitions)

     4,500        4,256     

Identifiable assets at March 31

   $ 503.9      $ 533.1     

EBITDAC

      

Net earnings

   $ 13.9      $ 11.7      $ 2.2   

Provision for income taxes

     7.6        7.4        0.2   

Depreciation

     4.4        3.9        0.5   

Amortization

     0.6        0.6        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC

   $ 26.5      $ 23.6      $ 2.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC margin

     17     17  

EBITDAC growth

     12     55  

 

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The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 EBITDAC and adjusted EBITDAC to the same period in 2012 (in millions):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Total EBITDAC - see computation above

   $ 26.5      $ 23.6   

New Zealand earthquake claims administration

     —          (1.2

South Australia ramp up

     (1.3     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC

   $ 25.2      $ 22.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC change

     12.5     14.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC margin

     16.6     16.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fees - The increase in fees for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was due primarily to revenues associated with new business and the impact of increased claim counts (total of $22.1 million), which were partially offset by lost business of $9.6 million. Organic growth in fee revenues for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 was 11% compared to 7% for the same period in 2012.

Items excluded from organic fee computations yet impacting revenue comparisons for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 include the following (in millions):

 

     2013 Organic Revenue     2012 Organic Revenue  

For the Three-Month Periods Ended March 31

   2013     2012     2012     2011  

Fees

   $ 147.3      $ 136.2      $ 136.2      $ 126.9   

International performance bonus fees

     5.7        4.3        4.3        3.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Fees as reported

     153.0        140.5        140.5        129.9   

Less fees from acquisitions

     (0.8     —          (0.7     —     

Less South Australia ramp up fees

     (1.4     —          —          —     

Less New Zealand earthquake claims administration

     (0.1     (3.8     (3.8     (3.3

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —          (0.7     —          0.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic fees

   $ 150.7      $ 136.0      $ 136.0      $ 127.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic change in fees

     10.8       6.8  
  

 

 

     

 

 

   

Organic change in fees adjusted to exclude fees related to a new international client was 6.8% in first quarter 2013.

Investment income - Investment income primarily represents interest income earned on our cash and cash equivalents. Investment income in the three month period ended March 31, 2013 remained relatively unchanged compared to the same period in 2012.

 

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Compensation expense - The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 compensation expense with the same period in 2012 (in millions):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Reported amounts

   $ 91.6      $ 85.4   

New Zealand earthquake claims administration

     —          (2.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted amounts

   $ 91.6      $ 83.2   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted revenues - see page 29

   $ 152.1      $ 137.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted ratios

     60.2     60.5
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The increase in compensation expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was primarily due to increased headcount, increases in salaries ($7.9 million) and employee benefits expense ($1.1 million) offset by a favorable foreign currency translation ($0.4 million) and decreases in New Zealand earthquake claims administration ($2.2 million) and temporary-staffing expense ($0.2 million).

Operating expenses - The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing first quarter 2013 operating expense with the same period in 2012 (in millions):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  
     2013     2012  

Reported amounts

   $ 35.5      $ 32.3   

New Zealand earthquake claims administration

     (0.1     (0.4

South Australia ramp up costs

     (0.1     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted amounts

   $ 35.3      $ 31.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted revenues - see page 29

   $ 152.1      $ 137.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted ratios

     23.2     23.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

The increase in operating expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was primarily due to increases in professional fees ($3.3 million), business insurance ($0.8 million), travel and entertainment ($0.5 million), licenses and fees ($0.3 million) and bad debt expense ($0.1 million), offset by decreases in office expenses ($0.5 million), New Zealand earthquake claims administration ($0.3 million), sales development expense ($0.3 million), other expense ($0.3 million) and net rent and utilities ($0.3 million). The increase in professional fees is primarily related to a new product introduced during third quarter 2012 that is primarily outsourced and the cost of which flows through operating expenses.

Depreciation - Depreciation expense increased slightly in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 and reflects the impact of purchases of furniture, equipment and leasehold improvements related to office expansions and relocations, and expenditures related to upgrading computer systems.

Amortization - Amortization expense remained the same in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012. Historically, the risk management segment has made few acquisitions. We made no acquisitions in this segment during the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012.

Provision for income taxes - The risk management segment’s effective income tax rates for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 were 35.3% and 38.7%, respectively. We anticipate reporting an effective tax rate of approximately 37.0% to 39.0% in our risk management segment for the foreseeable future.

 

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Corporate Segment

The corporate segment reports the financial information related to our clean energy and other investments, our debt, and certain corporate and acquisition-related activities. For a detailed discussion of the nature of these investments, see the First Quarter 2013 Financials for a summary of our investments as of March 31, 2013 (unaudited) (Note 11) and the 2012 Financials for a summary of our investments as of December 31, 2012 (Note 12). See the First Quarter 2013 Financials for a summary of our debt as of March 31, 2013 (unaudited) (Note 5) and the 2012 Financials for a discussion as of December 31, 2012 (Note 6).

Financial information relating to our corporate segment results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 as compared to the same period in 2012 is as follows: (in millions, except per share and percentages):

 

     Three-month period  
     ended March 31,  

Statement of Earnings

   2013     2012     Change  

Revenues from consolidated clean coal production plants

   $ 49.3      $ 15.7      $ 33.6   

Royalty income from clean coal licenses

     10.0        5.3        4.7   

Loss from unconsolidated clean coal production plants

     (2.3     (0.9     (1.4

Other net revenues

     9.1        0.1        9.0   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     66.1        20.2        45.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cost of revenues from consolidated clean coal production plants

     58.1        17.7        40.4   

Compensation

     4.6        1.9        2.7   

Operating

     11.9        6.0        5.9   

Interest

     11.2        10.6        0.6   

Depreciation

     0.1        0.1        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     85.9        36.3        49.6   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Loss before income taxes

     (19.8     (16.1     (3.7

Benefit for income taxes

     (21.8     (14.8     (7.0
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 2.0      $ (1.3   $ 3.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net earnings (loss) per share

   $ 0.02      $ (0.01   $ 0.03   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Identifiable assets at March 31

   $ 767.4      $ 624.1     

EBITDAC

      

Net earnings (loss)

   $ 2.0      $ (1.3   $ 3.3   

Benefit for income taxes

     (21.8     (14.8     (7.0

Interest

     11.2        10.6        0.6   

Depreciation

     0.1        0.1        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC

   $ (8.5   $ (5.4   $ (3.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Revenues - Revenues in the corporate segment consist of the following:

 

   

Revenues from consolidated clean coal production plants represents revenues from the consolidated IRC Section 45 facilities that we operate and control under lease arrangements, and the investments in which we have a majority ownership position and maintain control over the operations of the related plants, including those that are not operating. When we relinquish control in connection with the sale of majority ownership interests in our investments, we deconsolidate these operations.

 

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The increase in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, compared to the same period in 2012, is due primarily to increased production.

 

   

Royalty income from clean coal licenses represents revenues related to Chem-Mod LLC. As of March 31, 2013, we held a 46.54% controlling interest in Chem-Mod. As Chem-Mod’s manager, we are required to consolidate its operations.

The increase in royalty income in 2013 was due to a substantial increase in the production of refined coal by Chem-Mod’s licensees in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013.

Expenses related to royalty income of Chem-Mod in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, were $5.9 million and $3.2 million, respectively, which include non-controlling interest of $5.6 million and $2.9 million, respectively.

 

   

Loss from unconsolidated clean coal production plants represents our equity portion of the pretax operating results from the unconsolidated clean coal production plants, partially offset by the production based income from majority investors.

The increased pretax loss in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 was due primarily to increased production which generates increased pretax operating losses.

 

   

Other net revenues primarily consist of our equity portion of the operations of our venture capital fund investments. In addition in first quarter 2013, we recognized a gain of $9.6 million in connection with the acquisition of an additional ownership interest in twelve of the 2009 Era Plants from one of the co-investors. See Note 11 to the First Quarter 2013 Financials for additional discussion of this acquisition transaction. We have consolidated the operations of the limited liability company that owns these plants effective March 1, 2013.

Cost of revenues - Cost of revenues from consolidated clean coal production plants for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, consists of the expenses incurred by the clean coal production plants to generate the consolidated revenues discussed above, including the costs to run the leased facilities. The increase in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, compared to the same period in 2012, is due primarily to increased production.

Compensation expense - Compensation expense in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively, includes salary and benefit expenses of $1.9 million and $1.6 million and incentive compensation of $2.7 million and $0.3 million, respectively. The increase in salary and benefits expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 is due primarily to an increase in salaries. The increase in incentive compensation for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 compared to the same period in 2012 is primarily due to the decrease in incentive compensation expenses for the three-month period ended March 31, 2012 resulting from a reduction in the level of effort devoted to corporate related activities and a change in estimate during first quarter 2012, of the prior year’s discretionary bonus accrual.

Operating expenses - Operating expense in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 includes banking and related fees of $0.7 million, external professional fees and other due diligence costs related to first quarter 2013 acquisitions of $0.5 million, operating expenses, professional fees and non-controlling interest related to royalty income of $5.0 million, other corporate and clean energy related expenses of $1.7 million and a biannual company wide meeting ($4.0 million).

Operating expense in the three-month period ended March 31, 2012 includes banking and related fees of $0.8 million, external professional fees and other due diligence costs related to 2012 acquisitions of $0.6 million, operating expenses, professional fees and non-controlling interest related to royalty income of $3.2 million and other corporate operating and clean energy related expenses of $1.4 million.

Interest expense - The increase in interest expense for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013, compared to the same period in 2012, is due to interest on the $50.0 million note purchase agreements entered into on July 10, 2012 ($0.4 million) and an increase of $0.2 million in interest on borrowings from our Credit Agreement.

Depreciation - The depreciation expense in the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 was unchanged compared to the same period in 2012 and primarily relates to corporate-related office build outs and expenditures related to upgrading computer systems.

 

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Benefit for income taxes - Our consolidated effective tax rate for the three-month period ended March 31, 2013 was 4.3% compared to 13.5% for the same period in 2012. The effective tax rates for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012 were lower than the statutory rate primarily due to the amount of IRC Section 45 tax credits recognized during the respective periods. GAAP accounting requires us to estimate at each quarter end, an expected annual effective tax rate based on, among other factors, the estimated annual amount of tax credits we will generate in the current year, and recognize these estimated tax credits each quarter based on estimated company-wide quarterly earnings before income taxes. This accounting will cause a difference in the amount of tax credits recognized in the financial statements compared to the amount of tax credits actually generated. There were $13.7 million and $8.5 million of tax credits recognized in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively. There were $16.0 million and $10.9 million of tax credits generated in the three-month periods ended March 31, 2013 and 2012, respectively.

The following provides non-GAAP information that we believe is helpful when comparing our first quarter 2013 and 2012 operating results for the corporate segment (in millions):

 

Three-Month Periods Ended March 31,

   2013     2012  
     Pretax
Earnings
(Loss)
    Income
Tax
Benefit
     Net
Earnings
(Loss)
    Pretax
Earnings
(Loss)
    Income
Tax
Benefit
     Net
Earnings
(Loss)
 

Interest and banking costs

   $ (11.9   $ 4.8       $ (7.1   $ (11.3   $ 4.5       $ (6.8

Clean energy investments

     (0.9     14.1         13.2        (2.2     9.4         7.2   

Acquisition costs

     (1.0     0.2         (0.8     (0.6     0.1         (0.5

Corporate

     (6.0     2.7         (3.3     (2.0     0.8         (1.2
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

   $ (19.8   $ 21.8       $ 2.0      $ (16.1   $ 14.8       $ (1.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

 

Interest and banking primarily includes expenses related to our debt. Clean energy investments include the operating results related to our investments in clean coal operations and Chem-Mod. Acquisition costs include professional fees, due diligence and other costs incurred related to our acquisitions. Corporate consists of overhead allocations mostly related to corporate staff compensation and, in the first quarter of 2013, costs related to a biannual company-wide award, cross-selling and motivational meeting for our production staff and field management.

Clean energy investments - We have investments in limited liability companies that own 29 clean coal production plants which produce refined coal using propriety technologies owned by Chem-Mod. We believe that the production and sale of refined coal at these plants is qualified to receive refined coal tax credits under IRC Section 45. The fourteen plants which were placed in service prior to December 31, 2009 (which we refer to as the 2009 Era Plants) can receive tax credits through 2019 and the fifteen plants which were placed in service prior to December 31, 2011 (which we refer to as the 2011 Era Plants) can receive tax credits through 2021.

 

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The following table provides a summary of our refined fuel plant investments as of March 31, 2013 (in millions):

 

            Our Portion of Estimated  
     Our
Tax-Effected
Book Value At
Mar 31, 2013
     Additional
Required
Tax-Effected
Capital
Investment
     Ultimate
Annual
After-tax
Earnings
 

Investments that own 2009 Era Plants

        

9 Under long-term production contracts

   $ 7.0       $ —         $ 25.0   

3 In process of being moved to higher volume locations by late 2013

     0.9         3.0         5.0   

2 In early stages of negotiations for long-term production contracts

     0.8         Not Estimable         Not Estimable   

Investments that own 2011 Era Plants

        

7 Under long-term production contracts

     14.9         —           48.0   

2 Under long-term production contracts, estimated to resume production by August 2013

     2.4         4.0         14.0   

2 In late stages of negotiations for long-term production contracts, estimated to resume production by November 2013

     0.7         2.0         6.0   

4 In early stages of negotiations for long-term production contracts

     1.5         Not Estimable         Not Estimable   

The information in the table above under the caption Our Portion of Estimated Ultimate Annual After-Tax Earnings reflects management’s current best estimate of the ultimate future annual after-tax earnings based on production estimates from the host utilities. However, host utilities do not consistently operate the refined fuel plants at ultimate production levels due to seasonal electricity demand, as well as many operational, regulatory and environmental compliance reasons. Please refer to “Risk Factors,” beginning on page 5 of this prospectus, for a more detailed discussion of these and other factors could impact the information above.

Our investment in Chem-Mod generates royalty income from the plants owned by those limited liability companies in which we invest as well as refined fuel plants owned by other unrelated parties. Based on current production estimates provided by licensees, Chem-Mod could generate for us approximately $3.6 million of net after-tax earnings per quarter.

Financial Results - Year Ended December 31, 2012 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2011, and Year Ended December 31, 2011 Compared to the Year Ended December 31, 2010

Brokerage Segment

The brokerage segment accounted for 73% of our revenue from continuing operations in 2012. For additional discussion of this segment, see “Financial Results - Three Months Ended March 31, 2013 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2012 – Brokerage Segment” on page 34 of this prospectus.

 

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Financial information relating to our brokerage segment results for 2012, 2011 and 2010 (in millions, except per share, percentages and workforce data):

 

     2012     2011     Change     2011     2010     Change  

Statement of Earnings

            

Commissions

   $ 1,302.5      $ 1,127.4      $ 175.1      $ 1,127.4      $ 957.3      $ 170.1   

Fees

     403.2        324.1        79.1        324.1        274.9        49.2   

Supplemental commissions

     67.9        56.0        11.9        56.0        46.1        9.9   

Net supplemental commission timing

     —          —          —          —          14.7        (14.7

Contingent commissions

     42.9        38.1        4.8        38.1        36.8        1.3   

Investment income

     7.2        5.4        1.8        5.4        4.9        0.5   

Gains realized on books of business sales

     3.9        5.5        (1.6     5.5        5.9        (0.4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenues

     1,827.6        1,556.5        271.1        1,556.5        1,340.6        215.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Compensation

     1,131.6        968.4        163.2        968.4        817.1        151.3   

Operating

     312.7        267.3        45.4        267.3        223.6        43.7   

Depreciation

     24.7        21.2        3.5        21.2        19.5        1.7   

Amortization

     96.2        77.0        19.2        77.0        59.8        17.2   

Change in estimated acquisition

         —              —     

earnout payables

     3.6        (6.2     9.8        (6.2     (2.6     (3.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total expenses

     1,568.8        1,327.7        241.1        1,327.7        1,117.4        210.3   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations before income taxes

     258.8        228.8        30.0        228.8        223.2        5.6   

Provision for income taxes

     103.0        88.6        14.4        88.6        87.7        0.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 155.8      $ 140.2      $ 15.6      $ 140.2      $ 135.5      $ 4.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted earnings from continuing operations per share

   $ 1.27      $ 1.25      $ 0.02      $ 1.25      $ 1.29      $ (0.04
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other Information

            

Change in diluted earnings from continuing operations per share

     2     (3 %)        (3 %)      5  

Growth in revenues

     17     16       16     5  

Organic change in commissions and fees

     4     3       3     (2 %)   

Compensation expense ratio

     62     62       62     61  

Operating expense ratio

     17     17       17     17  

Effective income tax rate

     40     39       39     39  

Workforce at end of period (includes acquisitions)

     9,002        7,868          7,868        6,275     

Identifiable assets at December 31

   $ 4,196.8      $ 3,346.6        $ 3,346.6      $ 2,560.7     

EBITDAC

            

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 155.8      $ 140.2      $ 15.6      $ 140.2      $ 135.5      $ 4.7   

Provision for income taxes

     103.0        88.6        14.4        88.6        87.7        0.9   

Depreciation

     24.7        21.2        3.5        21.2        19.5        1.7   

Amortization

     96.2        77.0        19.2        77.0        59.8        17.2   

Change in estimated acquisition

         —              —     

earnout payables

     3.6        (6.2     9.8        (6.2     (2.6     (3.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC

   $ 383.3      $ 320.8      $ 62.5      $ 320.8      $ 299.9      $ 20.9   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC margin

     21     21       21     22  

EBITDAC growth

     19     7       7     7  

 

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The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when comparing 2012 EBITDAC and adjusted EBITDAC to the same periods in 2011, and 2011 EBITDAC and adjusted EBITDAC to the same periods in 2010 (in millions):

 

     2012     2011     2010  

Total EBITDAC - see computation above

   $ 383.3      $ 320.8      $ 299.9   

Gains from books of business sales

     (3.9     (5.5     (5.9

Net supplemental commission timing

     —          —          (14.7

Heath Lambert integration costs

     19.3        16.0        —     

Earnout related compensation charge

     —          7.0        —     

Workforce and lease termination related charges

     14.4        2.6        6.9   

Litigation settlement

     —          —          3.5   

Levelized foreign currency translation

     1.6        (0.4     0.7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC

   $ 414.7      $ 340.5      $ 290.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC change

     21.8     17.3     4.3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC margin

     22.7     22.0     21.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC margin excluding Heath Lambert

     22.9     22.4     21.9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effective May 12, 2011, we acquired Heath Lambert for cash, net of cash received, of £99.7 million ($164.0 million as of the acquisition date). Prior to our acquisition of Heath Lambert, it sold nearly all lines of property/casualty and employee benefit insurance products through 1,200 professionals in 16 offices throughout the U.K. Subsequent to the acquisition date, we have been integrating the Heath Lambert operations into our existing operations, which has reduced the number of employees and offices involved with these acquired operations.

The following provides non-GAAP information that management believes is helpful when analyzing the impact of the Heath Lambert acquisition on our 2012 results. We expect that it could take up to two years to fully integrate the Heath Lambert operations into our existing operations (in millions):

 

     Q1     Q2     Q3     Q4     Full Year  

Total revenues

   $ 32.0      $ 35.7      $ 36.2      $ 32.5      $ 136.4   

Compensation

     (20.7     (20.7     (21.4     (16.1     (78.9

Compensation - integration costs

     (2.8     (2.0     (2.3     (6.1     (13.2

Operating

     (6.8     (7.7     (8.0     (8.2     (30.7

Operating - integration costs

     (1.2     (2.1     (1.9     (0.9     (6.1
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

EBITDAC

   $ 0.5      $ 3.2      $ 2.6      $ 1.2      $ 7.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC (excludes integration costs)

   $ 4.5      $ 7.3      $ 6.8      $ 8.2      $ 26.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Adjusted EBITDAC margin (excludes integration costs)

     14.1     20.4     18.8     25.2     19.6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Amortization

   $ 1.6      $ 1.1      $ 1.4      $ 1.4      $ 5.5   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

As expected, until the integration process is completed in 2013, the Heath Lambert operations will reduce the overall Brokerage Segment adjusted EBITDAC margins. Heath Lambert’s current operating structure tends to produce lower compensation expense ratios and higher operating expense ratios in comparison to our other non-Heath Lambert related brokerage operations.

Our adjusted EBITDAC margin excluding Heath Lambert was 22.9% and 22.4% for 2012 and 2011, respectively. Our adjusted EBITDAC margin was 22.7% for 2012 and 22.0% for 2011, respectively.

 

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Commissions and fees - The aggregate increase in commissions and fees for 2012 was principally due to revenues associated with acquisitions that were made during 2012 ($200.1 million). Commissions and fees in 2012 included new business production and renewal rate increases of $205.7 million, which was offset by lost business of $151.6 million. The aggregate increase in commissions and fees for 2011 was principally due to revenues associated with acquisitions that were made during 2011 ($184.4 million). Commissions and fees in 2011 included new business production of $168.9 million, which was offset by renewal decreases and lost business of $134.0 million. The organic change in commission and fee revenues was 4% in 2012, 3% in 2011 and (2%) in 2010. The organic change in commission, fee and supplemental commission revenues was 4% in 2012, 3% in 2011 and (2%) in 2010. Commission revenues increased 16% and fee revenues increased 24% in 2012 compared to 2011. Commission revenues increased 18% and fee revenues increased 18% in 2011 compared to 2010.

Items excluded from organic revenue computations yet impacting revenue comparisons for 2012, 2011 and 2010 include the following (in millions):

 

     2012 Organic Revenue     2011 Organic Revenue     2010 Organic Revenue  
     2012     2011     2011     2010     2010     2009  

Commissions and Fees

            

Commission revenues as reported

   $ 1,302.5      $ 1,127.4      $ 1,127.4      $ 957.3      $ 957.3      $ 912.9   

Fee revenues as reported

     403.2        324.1        324.1        274.9        274.9        282.1   

Less commission and fee revenues from acquisitions

     (200.1     —          (184.4     —          (57.9     —     

Less disposed of operations

     —          (8.1     —          (4.6     —          —     

Levelized foreign currency translation

     —          (1.5     —          5.5        —          2.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic base commission and fee revenues

   $ 1,505.6      $ 1,441.9      $ 1,267.1      $ 1,233.1      $ 1,174.3      $ 1,197.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic change in base commission and fee revenues

     4.4       2.8       (1.9 %)   
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Supplemental Commissions

            

Supplemental commissions as reported

   $ 67.9      $ 56.0      $ 56.0      $ 60.8      $ 60.8      $ 37.4   

Less supplemental commissions from acquisitions

     (10.7     —          (4.0     —          (5.7     —     

Net supplemental commission timing

     —          (0.6     —          (14.7     (14.7     1.4   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic supplemental commissions

   $ 57.2      $ 55.4      $ 52.0      $ 46.1      $ 40.4      $ 38.8   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Organic change in supplemental commissions

     3.3       12.8       4.1  
  

 

 

     

 

 

     

 

 

   

Contingent Commissions

            

Contingent commissions as reported

   $ 42.9      $ 38.1      $ 38.1      $ 36.8      $ 36.8      $ 27.6   

Less contingent commissions from acquisitions

     (5.2     —          (3.6     —